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Takardun kudin bond na Zimbabwe

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Takardun kudin bond na Zimbabwe
CGI-rendered fan of seven banknotes of the fourth Zimbabwean dollar (ZWL)
Z$ 2 of 1983
Coin of Zimbabwe

Takardun lamuni na Zimbabwe wani nau'i ne na takardar kuɗi da ake yaɗawa a Zimbabwe. Babban bankin kasar Zimbabwe ne ya fitar da bayanan, an bayyana cewa ba kudi ba ne a kanta, sai dai a matsayin kudi na doka a kusa da kudin da aka yi daidai da dalar Amurka . A cikin 2014, kafin a saki bayanin kula, jerin tsabar kuɗi sun shiga wurare dabam dabam.[1]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Nuwambar 2016, da tallafin dalar US$200 million daga Bankin shigo da kayayyaki na Afirka, Bankin Reserve na Zimbabwe ya fara ba da takardun lamuni na $2.[2]

Bayan watanni biyu, an kuma fitar da sabbin takardun lamuni na US$15 million.[3] Sauran tsare-tsare na $10 da $20 gwamnan Babban Bankin Reserve John Mangudya ya yi watsi da shi.

Jama'ar Zimbabwe ba su yarda da bayanan ba gaba ɗaya, don haka gwamnati ta yi ƙoƙarin faɗaɗa wadatar kuɗaɗen lantarki da ba da takardar kuɗaɗen Baitulmali maimakon.[4]

Har yanzu dai ana ci gaba da yawo a cikin 2018, duk da cewa tsohon Ministan Kudi, Tendai Biti ya ce a yi musu shari'a, saboda ana tuhumar su.[5][6] A yakin neman zaben shekarar 2018, takardun lamuni sun zama batun siyasa, inda jam'iyyar MDC ta yi kira da a maye gurbinsu da 'kudi na gaske'.[7]

Duk da bayanin da ake dangantawa da dalar Amurka, darajarsu, kamar tsohuwar dalar Zimbabwe, tana durkushewa, tare da yin mu'amalar yau da kullun ta hanyar amfani da adadin kuɗin dala $3 zuwa 1 a watan Janairun 2019 da sama da dalar Amurka 90 zuwa US$1 . Nuwamba 2020. Tun daga watan Agusta 2022, ƙimar juzu'i shine $361.9 bayanin haɗin gwiwa zuwa $1 US.

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daraja Shekara Babban Launi Girma (milimita) Zane na gaba Zane Baya Ref.
2-Dollar Lambuna 2016 Kore 155 x62 mm Chiremba daidaita duwatsu a cikin Epworth Harare Harare Harare Harare Hararen Harabar 'Yancin Kai Da Gidan Majalisa [8] [9]
5-Bondis Bond Note 2017 Purple 155 x66 mm Abubuwan da aka bayar na Epworth Balance Rocks Rakumin guda uku kusa da bishiyoyi
10-Dollar Bond Note 2020 Lemu - mm Abubuwan da aka bayar na Epworth Balance Rocks -
Bayanan Bayani na 20-Dollars 2020 Blue - mm Abubuwan da aka bayar na Epworth Balance Rocks -
Bayanan Bayani na 50-Dollars 2021 Brown - mm Abubuwan da aka bayar na Epworth Balance Rocks -
Bayanan Bayani na Dala 100 2022 Yellow - mm Abubuwan da aka bayar na Epworth Balance Rocks -

Bayanan Bond da dalar RTGS[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Fabrairun 2019, Gwamnan RBZ ya ba da sanarwar cewa takardun lamuni za su kasance wani ɓangare na "darajar" da ta ƙunshi sabon kuɗin da za a ƙara a cikin kasuwar Zimbabwe, dala RTGS tare da tsabar kudi da ma'auni na lantarki.

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Staff Reporter. "RBZ says bond notes launch Monday". www.new zimbabwe. Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  2. Crabtree, Justina (28 November 2016). "Zimbabwe's issuing new 'bond notes' to avoid a cash crunch". CNBC. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  3. Rahman Alfa Shaban, Abdur (3 February 2017). "Zimbabwe introduces fresh $5 bond notes to ease cash crunch". Africa News. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017.
  4. "RBZ rules out $10, $20 bond notes". Daily News. Harare, Zimbabwe. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017.
  5. Southall, Roger Jonathan (2017). "Bond notes, borrowing, and heading for bust: Zimbabwe's persistent crisis". Canadian Journal of African Studies. 51 (3): 389–405. doi:10.1080/00083968.2017.1411285. S2CID 149057942.
  6. "The king of funny money: Zimbabwe's new "bond notes" are falling fast". The Economist. 18 February 2017. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017.
  7. Mhlanga, Fidelity (11 February 2018). "Zimbabwe: Mangudya Failed to Put Cap On RTGs Balances - Experts". The Standard. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018.
  8. Zimbabwe new 2-dollar bond note (B190) confirmed Archived 2022-09-07 at the Wayback Machine Banknote News (banknotenews.com). December 29, 2016. Retrieved on 2017-05-07.
  9. Zimbabwe new 5-dollar bond note (B191) confirmed Archived 2022-09-28 at the Wayback Machine Banknote News (banknotenews.com). March 7, 2017. Retrieved on 2017-05-07.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]