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Tinnitus

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Tinnitus
Description (en) Fassara
Iri hearing disorder (en) Fassara
ear symptom (en) Fassara
Specialty (en) Fassara otolaryngology (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10 H93.1
ICD-9 388.3
DiseasesDB 27662
MedlinePlus 003043
eMedicine 003043
MeSH D014012

Tinnitus,sauti ne iri-iri wanda ake ji lokacin da babu sautin waje. Kusan kowa yana fuskantar "tinnitus na al'ada" a cikin ɗakin da ba shi da kwanciyar hankali; amma yana da damuwa ne kawai idan yana da wahala, yana tsoma baki da ji na al'adu, ko kuma yana da alaƙa da wasu, matsaloli. Kalmar tinnitus ta fito ne daga Latin tinnire, "don kira". A wasu mutane, yana tsoma baki tare da mai da hankali, kuma ana iya danganta shi da damuwa da baƙin ciki.

Tinnitus yawanci ana danganta shi da asarar ji da raguwar fahimtar magana a cikin mahalli mai hayaniya.[1] Ya zama ruwan dare, yana shafar kusan 10-15% na mutane. Yawancin suna jurewa da kyau, kuma babbar matsala ce a cikin 1-2% na mutane kawai.[2] Zai iya haifar da amsawar yaƙi ko gudu, kamar yadda kwakwalwa zata iya gane shi da haɗari da mahimmanci.[3][4]

Rather than a disease, tinnitus is a symptom that may result from a variety of underlying causes and may be generated at any level of the auditory system as well as outside that system. The most common causes are hearing damage, noise-induced hearing loss, or age-related hearing loss, known as presbycusis.[1] Other causes include ear infections, disease of the heart or blood vessels, Ménière's disease, brain tumors, acoustic neuromas (tumors on the auditory nerves of the ear), migraines, temporomandibular joint disorders, exposure to certain medications, a previous head injury, and earwax. It can suddenly emerge during a period of emotional stress.[5][1][6][7] It is more common in those with depression.

Binciken tinnitus yawanci ya dogara ne akan bayanin mai haƙuri game da alamun da suke fuskanta. Irin wannan ganewar asali ana tallafawa ta hanyar audiogram, da kuma binciken f">[./Tinnitus#cite_note-Lev2015-1 [2]] Za'a iya ƙididdige yawan tinnitus da ke tsoma baki da rayuwar mutum tare da tambayoyin.[1] Idan an sami wasu matsaloli, ana iya yin hotunan likita, kamar su magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sauran gwaje-gwaje sun dace lokacin da tinnitus ya faru tare da irin wannan rhythm kamar bugun zuciya.[1] Ba sau da yawa, wani ba mai haƙuri ba zai iya jin sautin ta hanyar amfani da stethoscope, a wannan yanayin an san shi da "tinnitus na ainihi. " [1] Lokaci-lokaci, fitar da sauti na otoacoustic, sautunan da aka samar ta hanyar kunne na ciki, na iya haifar da tinnitus. [8]

Matakan da za a iya hana tinnitus sun haɗa da guje wa bayyanar cututtuka ko tsawo ga hayaniya mai ƙarfi, da kuma iyakance bayyanar kwayoyin ototoxic da abubuwa.[1][9] Idan akwai wani dalili na asali, magance wannan dalili na iya haifar da ci gaba. In ba haka ba, yawanci, gudanar da tinnitus ya haɗa da psychoeducation ko shawarwari, kamar maganin magana.[2] Janareto na sauti ko kayan jin na iya taimakawa.[1] Babu wani magani da ke kai tsaye ga tinnitus.

 

Alamomi da alamomi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sau da yawa ana bayyana Tinnitus a matsayin kararrawa, amma kuma yana iya sauti kamar dannawa, buzzing, siyarwa, ko kururuwa.[5] Yana iya zama mai laushi ko mai ƙarfi, ƙasa ko mai ƙarfi sosai, kuma yana iya zama kamar ya fito ne daga kunnuwa ɗaya ko duka biyu, ko kuma daga kai kanta. Yana iya zama mai saurin kai ko ci gaba. A wasu mutane, ana iya canza ƙarfinsa ta kafada, wuyansa, kai, harshe, jaw, ko motsi na ido.[10]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Tinnitus". NIH – National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). 6 March 2017. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 20 September 2019. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "NIH2014" defined multiple times with different content
  2. 2.0 2.1 Langguth, B; Kreuzer, PM; Kleinjung, T; De Ridder, D (September 2013). "Tinnitus: causes and clinical management". The Lancet Neurology. 12 (9): 920–930. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70160-1. PMID 23948178. S2CID 13402806. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Lang2013" defined multiple times with different content
  3. "Taming tinnitus".
  4. "Why Does My Tinnitus Get Worse when I'm Stressed?". 17 May 2021.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Han BI, Lee HW, Kim TY, Lim JS, Shin KS (March 2009). "Tinnitus: characteristics, causes, mechanisms, and treatments". Journal of Clinical Neurology. 5 (1): 11–19. doi:10.3988/jcn.2009.5.1.11. PMC 2686891. PMID 19513328. About 75% of new cases are related to emotional stress as the trigger factor rather than to precipitants involving cochlear lesions.
  6. Esmaili, Aaron A; Renton, John (1 April 2018). "A review of tinnitus". Australian Journal of General Practice. 47 (4): 205–208. doi:10.31128/AJGP-12-17-4420. PMID 29621860.
  7. Mazurek B, Haupt H, Olze H, Szczepeck A (2022). "Stress and tinnitus—from bedside to bench and back". Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 6 (47): 47. doi:10.3389/fnsys.2012.00047. PMC 3371598. PMID 22701404.
  8. Henry, James A.; Dennis, Kyle C.; Schechter, Martin A. (October 2005). "General Review of Tinnitus: Prevalence, Mechanisms, Effects, and Management". Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 48 (5): 1204–1235. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2005/084). PMID 16411806.
  9. Rizk HG, Lee JA, Liu YF, Endriukaitis L, Isaac JL, Bullington WM (December 2020). "Drug-Induced Ototoxicity: A Comprehensive Review and Reference Guide". Pharmacotherapy. 40 (12): 1265–1275. doi:10.1002/phar.2478. PMID 33080070. S2CID 224828345.
  10. Simmons, R; Dambra, C; Lobarinas, E; Stocking, C; Salvi, R (2008). "Head, Neck, and Eye Movements That Modulate Tinnitus". Seminars in Hearing. 29 (4): 361–370. doi:10.1055/s-0028-1095895. PMC 2633109. PMID 19183705.