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Yaren Jojiya

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Yaren Jojiya
ქართული ენა — ქართული‎
'Yan asalin magana
3,700,000 (2014)
Georgian scripts (en) Fassara, Georgian Braille (en) Fassara, Asomtavruli (en) Fassara, Nuskhuri (en) Fassara da Mkhedruli (en) Fassara
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-1 ka
ISO 639-2 geo kat
ISO 639-3 kat
Glottolog nucl1302[1]

Jojin (ქართული ენა, romanized: kartuli ena, lafazin [ˈkʰartʰuli ˈena]) shine yaren Kartvelian mafi yaɗuwa; yana kuma zama harshen adabi ko yare don masu magana da harsunan da ke da alaƙa.[2]Harshen hukuma ne na Jojiya kuma yaren asali ko na farko na kashi 87.6% na yawan jama'arta.[3] Masu magana da shi a yau sun kai kusan miliyan hudu. An rubuta Jojin a cikin haruffa na musamman.

Rabewa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babu wata alaƙa da ke da alaƙa tsakanin harsunan Kartvelian da kowane dangin harshe a duniya da aka yarda da su a cikin manyan harsuna. Daga cikin harsunan Kartvelian, Jojin ya fi kusanci da abin da ake kira harsunan Zan (Megrelian da Laz); Nazarin glottochronological ya nuna cewa ya rabu da na ƙarshe kimanin shekaru 2700 da suka wuce. Svan dangi ne na nesa wanda ya rabu da wuri, watakila shekaru 4000 da suka gabata.[4]

Yaruka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daidaitaccen Jojiyanci ya dogara ne akan yaren Kartlian.[5]Tsawon ƙarnuka da yawa, ya yi tasiri mai ƙarfi a kan sauran yaruka. Sakamakon haka, dukkansu, gabaɗaya, suna fahimtar juna tare da daidaitaccen Jojin, kuma tare da juna[6].

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yaren Jojiya". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. https://www.ethnologue.com/18/language/kat/
  3. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/georgia/
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgian_language#CITEREFHiller1994
  5. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2024-02-26.
  6. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2024-02-26.