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Yaren Manza

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

 

Manza (Mānzā, Mandja) yare ne na Ubangian da Mutanen Mandja na Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya ke magana. Yana da alaƙa da Ngbaka kuma yana iya kasancewa har zuwa wani matakin fahimtar juna.

Fasahar sauti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Harshen ya kunshi wadannan:

Sautin da aka yi amfani da shi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Labari Alveolar Palatal Velar Labarin-velar<br id="mwJA"> Gishiri
Hanci m n (Ra'ayi) ŋ ŋ͡m
Plosive ba tare da murya ba p t k k͡p
murya b d ɡ ɡ͡b
Domenal mb nd ŋɡ ŋmɡ͡b
fashewa ɓ ɗ
Fricative ba tare da murya ba f s h
murya v z
Domenal nz
Tap Sanya ɾ
Kusanci (l) j w
  • Sauti /ɾ/ da /ī/ suna da wuya sosai a matsayin farko na kalma.
  • /nz/ ana iya jin sautin sautin [nd͡ʒ] a cikin bambancin kyauta.
  • [l] ana jin sa ne kawai a cikin bambancin kyauta na /j/.
  • /j/ ana iya jin sa a matsayin [ɲ] lokacin da yake gaba da wasula ta hanci.

Sautin sautin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sautin baki
A gaba Tsakiya Komawa
Kusa i u
Tsakanin Tsakiya da kuma o
Bude-tsakiya ɛ Owu
Bude a
  • /a/ na iya samun allophone na [ɐ], lokacin da yake cikin rarraba.
Sautin hanci
A gaba Tsakiya Komawa
Kusa Ya kasance A cikin su
Bude-tsakiya ɛ̃ O.A.
Bude ã
  • Ana iya jin sautin /ɛ̃/ a ƙasa kamar [æ̃] a cikin bambancin kyauta.

Tsarin rubuce-rubuce[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

[1] Manza [1]
a b bh d dh da kuma ɛ f g gb h i k kp l m mb n nd ndj ngb ŋ Gãnuwa ŋm o Owu p r s t u v vb w da kuma z

Ana nuna sautunan a kan haruffa ta amfani da diacritics:

  • sautin tsakiya ana nuna shi ta amfani da umlaut: ːä, ë, ɛ̈, ï, ö, ɔ̈, ü;
  • Ana nuna sautin da ya fi girma ta amfani da faɗakarwa ta kewaye: ː, ê, ɛ̂, î, ô, ɔ̂, û́́́.

Bayanan da aka ambata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Ngodi, Gounoukon & Moore 2017.

Ayyukan da aka ambata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  •