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Yaren Thao

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

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Thao
Thau a lalawa
Asali a Taiwan
Ƙabila 820 Thao (2020)[1]
'Yan asalin magana
4 (2021)e25
kasafin harshe
  • Brawbaw
  • Shtafari
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-3 ssf
Glottolog thao1240[2]

'Rubutu mai gwaɓi'Thao ( /θ aʊ / thow ; Thao: Thau a lalaw ), kuma aka sani da Sao, shine yaren mutanen Thao da ke kusa bacewa, ƴan asalin ƙasar Taiwan daga yankin tafkin Sun Moon a tsakiyar Taiwan. . Harshen Formosan ne na dangin Austronesia ; Barawbaw da Shtafari yare ne.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>[ abubuwan da ake bukata

Suna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sunan Thao a zahiri yana nufin "mutum", daga Proto-Austronesia *Cau . Saboda haka yana da alaƙa da sunan Tsou .

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 2014, akwai masu magana da L1 guda huɗu da ƙwararren mai magana da L2 da ke zaune a ƙauyen Ita Thaw (伊達邵) (wanda a al'adance ake kira Barawbaw), waɗanda duk sun haura shekaru sittin.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (November 2021)">Tsofaffi</span> ] [ magana da harshen sun mutu a watan Disamba na waccan shekarar, ciki har da shugaba Tarma (袁明智), shekaru 75.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>[ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (July 2021)">abubuwan da ake buƙata</span> ] tsofaffi huɗu masu magana da L1 da wasu masu magana a cikin 2021.

Fassarar sauti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Consonants[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙirar baƙo
Labial Dental Alveolar Bayan-<br id="mwQA"><br><br><br></br> Alveolar Velar Uvula Glottal
M p b t d k q ʔ
Ƙarfafawa f ( v ) θ ð s ʃ h
Lateral Fricative ɬ
Taɓa ko kada ɾ
Nasal m n ŋ
Kusanci w l j

Bayanan rubutu :

  • /θ ð ʃ/ are written ⟨th z sh⟩. However, /θ/ is written ⟨c⟩ in Blust's dictionary.
  • /ɬ/ is written ⟨lh⟩.
  • /ŋ/ is written ⟨ng⟩. However, /ŋ/ is written ⟨g⟩ in Blust's dictionary.
  • /ʔ/ is written ⟨'⟩.

Bayanan kula :

  • Glides /j w/</link> an samo su daga ƙananan wasulan /i u/</link> don biyan buƙatun cewa syllables dole ne su kasance da baƙaƙen farawa kuma don nuna matsa lamba daidai.
  • [v] allophone ne na /w/</link> faruwa intervocalically.

Wasula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kayan wasali
Gaba Tsakiya Baya
Babban i u
Babban ( e ) ( o )
Ƙananan a

Bayanan kula :

  • Damuwa ba ta da tushe, in ba haka ba ana iya rubutawa ⟨ á í ú ⟩ kamar yadda yake cikin "dadú", amma ana yawan amfani da ⟨ aa ii uu ⟩ sau biyu, kamar a cikin "daduu".
  • [e] kuma [o] faruwa a matsayin allophones na /i/ kuma /u/, bi da bi, lokacin da aka rigaya ko bi ko dai ta /q/ ko /r/ .

Ilimin Halitta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Thao yana da nau'o'i biyu ko uku na maimaitawa : Ca-reduplication, cikakken maimaitawa, da maimaitawa na dama (wanda wani lokaci ana ɗaukarsa nau'i na cikakken maimaitawa).

Kalmomin Thao suna da nau'ikan mayar da hankali masu zuwa (Blust 2003:239).

  1. Jarumi: -um- (yanzu), ma- (nan gaba)
  2. Mai haƙuri: -in, -in-
  3. Wuri: -an

Daidaitawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tsarin kalmar Thao na iya zama duka SVO da VSO, kodayake tsohon ya samo asali ne daga Hokkien Taiwanese (Blust 2003: 228).

Alamar sirri ta Thao ita ce "ti" (Blust 2003:228). Abubuwan da ba su da kyau sun haɗa da "ani" da "antu"; Ana amfani da "ata tu" a cikin "kada" gine-gine. Cikakken alama ce ta "iza", wanda ya gabata ta hanyar infix bayan farkon farawa na farko "-in-" da kuma gaba ta prefix "a-". Mahimmanci ana yiwa alama alama ta "-í" da kuma ƙayyadaddun buƙatun ko buƙatun da aka fassara su kamar "don Allah" ta "-uan" wani lokaci ana rubuta "-wan" wanda zai iya faruwa tare da "-í".

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named e25
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Thao". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.