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Yellow River

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Yellow River
General information
Tsawo 5,464 km
Labarin ƙasa
Tsarin Daidaiton Labarin Kasa 36°07′27″N 116°05′52″E / 36.12419°N 116.09767°E / 36.12419; 116.09767
Kasa Sin
Territory Qinghai (en) Fassara, Sichuan (en) Fassara, Gansu (en) Fassara, Ningxia (en) Fassara, Inner Mongolia (en) Fassara, Shaanxi (en) Fassara, Shanxi (en) Fassara, Henan (en) Fassara da Shandong (en) Fassara
Hydrography (en) Fassara
Tributary (en) Fassara
Watershed area (en) Fassara 752,000 km²
Ruwan ruwa Yellow River Basin (en) Fassara
Tabkuna Cocha Lakes (en) Fassara, Gyaring Lake (en) Fassara, Ngoring Lake (en) Fassara da Hukou Waterfall (en) Fassara
River source (en) Fassara Kariqu (en) Fassara da Bayan Har Mountains (en) Fassara
River mouth (en) Fassara Bohai Sea (en) Fassara
Yellow river 7320

Kogin Yellow ko Huang He (Sinanci:黄河, Mandarin: Huáng hé [xwǎ ŋ xɤ ̌] shi ne kogi na biyu mafi tsayi a kasar Sin, [1] bayan kogin Yangtze, kuma tsarin kogi na shida mafi tsayi a duniya wanda aka kiyasta ya kai 5,464 kilometres (3,395 mi) [2] Ya samo asali ne daga tsaunin Bayan Har na lardin Qinghai na yammacin kasar Sin, ya ratsa larduna tara, kuma ya ratsa cikin tekun Bohai da ke kusa da birnin Dongying na lardin Shandong. Kogin Yellow River yana da iyakar gabas-yamma na kimanin kilomita 1,900 kilometres (1,180 mi) da kuma iyakar arewa-kudu kusan 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) Gabaɗayan magudanar ruwa ya kai 795,000 square kilometres (307,000 sq mi) .

Kogin Yellow River shi ne wurin haifuwar tsohuwar kasar Sin, kuma, a faɗakar, wayewar Far Eastern, kuma shi ne yanki mafi wadata a farkon tarihin kasar Sin. Ana kuma samun yawaitar ambaliyar ruwa da sauye-sauyen yanayi ta hanyar ci gaba da hawan River bed, wani lokaci sama da matakin filayen gonakin da ke kewaye.

Asalin kalmar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Littattafan farko na kasar Sin ciki har da Yu Gong ko Tribute na Yu tun daga zamanin Jihohin Warring (475-221) BC) yana nufin kogin Yellow a matsayin kawai河( Old Chinese: * C.gˤaj, [3] Mandarin na zamani na Beijing:/ xɤ̌ / ko kuma a cikin pinyin ), halin da ya zo da ma'anar "kogi" a amfani da zamani. Shaida da wuri na sunan黃河( Gabashin Han na Sin: *ɣuaŋ-gɑi; [4] Sinanci ta Tsakiya: Huang Ha [3] ) a cikin Harshen Gabas ta Hannun Kongcongzi孔叢子 "The Many Kong Family Master's Anthology", [5] An danganta shi ga zuriyar Confucius Kong Fu 孔鮒 (c. 264-208 KZ). [6] Ma'anar "yellow" tana kwatanta launi na tsawon shekaru na ruwan laka a cikin ƙananan hanyar kogin, wanda ke tasowa daga ƙasa (loess) da ake ɗauka a ƙasa. Launin sa Yellow da matsayi na tsakiya a kasar Sin suna da alaƙa a cikin kwatance na kadinal na gargajiya.

Ɗaya daga cikin tsofaffin sunayen na Mongolian shine "Kogin Black", [7] saboda kogin yana gudana a fili kafin ya shiga cikin Loess Plateau, amma sunan kogin a halin yanzu tsakanin Mongolians na ciki shine Ȟatan Gol (Хатан гол, "Kogin Sarauniya"). [8] A cikin Mongolia kanta, ana kiranta kawai Šar Mörön (Шар мөрөн, "Kogin Yellow"). An ambaci kogin a cikin stele Kul Tigin a matsayin "Kogin Green" (Tsohon Turkic : yašïl ügüz, 𐰖𐱁𐰞𐰽𐰺). [9]

A Qinghai, sunan Tibet kogin shine "Kogin dawisu" (Tibetan)



Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kogin Yellow ya karya darasinsa ta Ma Yuan (1160-1225, daular Song). Ambaliyar ruwan kogin ya yi sanadin mutuwar miliyoyin mutane.
Kogin Yellow kamar yadda aka kwatanta a cikin daular Qing da aka kwatanta taswira (sashe)
Darussan tarihi na Kogin Yellow
Darussan tarihi na Kogin Yellow
  1. Hou, Jun; Wang, Jianwei; Qin, Tianling; Liu, Shanshan; Zhang, Xin; Yan, Sheng; Li, Chenhao; Feng, Jianming (1 January 2022). "Attribution identification of terrestrial ecosystem evolution in the Yellow River Basin". Open Geosciences. 14 (1): 615–628. Bibcode:2022OGeo...14..385H. doi:10.1515/geo-2022-0385. ISSN 2391-5447. S2CID 250118307.Empty citation (help)
  2. Yellow River (Huang He) Delta, China, Asia.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Baxter, Wm. H. & Sagart, Laurent. Empty citation (help)
  4. Schuessler, Axel. (2007).
  5. The Many Kong Family Master's Anthology "Recorded Questions" p. 65 of 176; quote: "黃河洋洋,悠悠之魚。臨津不濟"; translation: "The Yellow River is spacious; its fishes are numerous.
  6. Theobald, Ulrich (2010) "Kongcongzi 孔叢子" ChinaKnowledge.de - An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art
  7. Parker, Edward H. China: Her History, Diplomacy, and Commerce, from the Earliest Times to the Present Day, p. 11.
  8. Geonames.de. "geonames.de: Huang He".
  9. the Kultegin stele (side I), line 17 Archived 2022-10-20 at the Wayback Machine