Tarihin Kasar Sin

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Tarihin Kasar Sin ya kunshi dubban shekaru.Litattafan farko sun kasance daga kusan 1250 Kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa amma an san wasu abubuwa game da lokutan baya. Tarihin kasar Sin ya kunshi lokuta da dauloli da dama.Ana iya raba shi zuwa sassa masu zuwa:

ginin akadami na chana

.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tarihi yana nufin tarihin wani lokaci kafin kowane rubutaccen rikodin. A irin wannan yanayi, yana da matukar wahala a faɗi wani abu tabbatacce game da tarihin China ko wata ƙasa. Ko da a lokacin, masana tarihi sun yi imani da wasu bayanai game da China na wancan lokacin. Kimanin shekaru miliyan da suka wuce Homo erectus, wani nau'in ɗan adam na farko, ya rayu a China. Daga baya, kimanin shekaru 65,000 da suka gabata, 'yan adam na zamani Homo sapiens sun isa China daga Afirka. Don abinci, sun farautar namun daji. Sun kuma fara karba da tattara 'ya'yan itatuwa, wanda a ƙarshe ya haifar da koyon Sinanci don yin noma a shekara ta 5000 K.Z. Sun fara noman shinkafa da wataƙila wasu nau'ikan hatsi. A shekara ta 2500 kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa, zamanin Tagulla ya zo China. Ajin masu mulki tare da sarakuna da sarakuna sun shigo cikin al'umma.

Tsohon Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Xia[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wasu masana suna tunanin cewa kimanin shekaru 4000 da suka gabata, daular Xia ta yi mulkin ƙasar Sin. Yu (Da Yu) shine farkon mai mulkin wannan daular. Akwai wasu sahihan labarai masu aminci game da Yu (wanda zai iya zama almara), lokacin sa, da sauran sarakunan daular Xia.

Daular Shang[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga lokacin daular Shang, akwai wasu rubutattun tarihi. An yi rubuce -rubuce akan Ƙusushin Oracle. An samu irin wannan kasusuwa da harsashi da yawa. Masana sunyi imanin cewa a yau Henan shine babban birni na tara kuma na ƙarshe na sarakunan daular Shang.

Yawancin masana tarihi na ƙasar Sin na wancan lokacin suna tunanin cewa daular daya ta biyo bayan wani amma yana iya yiwuwa dauloli biyu suna mulki a sassa daban -daban na ƙasar Sin a lokaci guda. Don haka, wasu masana suna tunanin cewa daular Xia da daular Shang na iya yin mulki a lokaci guda, amma a yankuna daban -daban na kasar Sin.

Daular Zhou[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Game da shekara ta 1046 kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa, daular Zhou ta ci sarkin ƙarshe na daular Shang kuma ta hau mulki. Sun canza babban birnin daga Henan zuwa wani wuri kusa da Xi'an na yanzu, kusa da Kogin Yellow . Daular Zhou kuma ta kawo sabuwar ka'ida ga kasar Sin (duba Dokar Sama ). Kusan dukkan daulolin sarakunan China sun ci gaba da maimaita wannan ka'idar. Sarakunan wannan daular sun ci sabbin yankuna da yawa. A karon farko a tarihin kasar Sin, adadi mai yawa na mutane kuma sun tashi daga wannan yanki zuwa wani yanki don yin sulhu.

Lokacin bazara da kaka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin bazara da kaka ya kusan ƙarni na 8 BC . Daular Zhou ta ci gaba, amma karfin ta ya ragu yayin da ubangiji ya samu filaye da mabiya. Sarakuna da yawa sun yi mulki a sassa daban -daban na kasar Sin. China ta zama jahohi masu rarrabuwar kawuna, kowanne sarki daban ke mulkin sa. A wasu lokuta, wani sarki yana mulkin ƙauyen da ke da ƙaramin sansanin soja.

A wannan lokacin na China, sabbin layin tunani da yawa sun tashi. Wasu daga cikinsu har yanzu suna ci gaba da zama masu mahimmanci. Su ne Confucianism, Taoism, Legalism da Mohism .

Lokacin jahohi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin bazara da kaka ya ci gaba kusan shekaru 300. Ya zuwa ƙarni na 5 kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa, sauran manyan china guda bakwai ne suka rage. Sun kwace dukkan ƙananan wuraren. Wadannan jihohi sun ci gaba da yakar juna. Masana tarihi sun kira wannan lokacin lokacin Yaƙin Jihohi saboda yaƙe -yaƙe da faɗa tsakanin waɗannan jihohin. A shekara ta 221BC, Ying Zheng, sarkin jihar Qin, ya haɗe dukkanin jihohi bakwai. Ya mai da kansa Sarkin China kuma ya kafa daular Qin.

Masarautar China[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Qin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babban Ginin China

Daular Qin sarauta ce mai matuƙar muhimmanci a tarihin ƙasar Sin. Sun bi falsafar Legalism . Babban birninsu yana Xianyang. A karkashin sarkin wannan daular, China ta zama kasa mai ƙarfi. An yi sabbin abubuwa da yawa a karon farko. An bi tsarin doka mai tsauri. An bunƙasa harshe da aka rubuta. An yi amfani da kuɗin gama gari. An fara gina babbar ganuwar China.

Daular Han[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Liu Bang ne ya kafa daular Han bayan daular Qin ta kare. A lokacin daular Han, yankin ƙasar Sin ya fadada, kuma an samu ci gaba da yawa a fannin kimiyya da fasaha. An ɗauke shi azaman zinare a tarihin ƙasar Sin.

Masarautu Uku[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin Masarautu Uku (Sinawa na gargajiya: 三國; Sinawa da aka sauƙaƙe: 三国; pinyin: Sānguó) lokaci ne na tarihi inda aka raba China zuwa jihohin Cao Wei, Shu Han, da Wu Wu ta Gabas. Daular Han ta Gabas ta rasa duk wani iko. Daga ƙarshe, sarkin daular Han ya yi murabus.

Daular Jin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Sui[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Sui (隋朝 朝 Suí cháo; 581-618) Sarkin Wen, ko Yang Jian ne ya kafa shi . Babban birninta shine Chang'an ( Xi'an na yanzu ). Daular tana da mahimmanci saboda ta sake haɗa kan Kudanci da Arewacin China kuma an gina Babban Canal a wancan lokacin.

Daular Tang[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gidan Li (李) ne ya kafa daular Tang, wanda ya hau mulki a lokacin faɗuwar Daular Sui. A zamanin daular aka katse wani ɗan gajeren lokaci da biyu Zhou daular (16 Oktoba 690-3 Maris 705) a lokacin da Empress Wu Zetian gudanar da da'awar da kursiyin, zama na farko da kawai Sin Empress .

Babban birnin Tang, Chang'an ( Xi'an na yau), shine birni mafi girma a duniya a lokacin. Yawancin masana tarihi suna ganin daular Tang a matsayin babban matsayi a cikin wayewar ƙasar Sin kuma a matsayin zamanin zinare na al'adun duniya.

Dauloli Biyar da Masarautu Goma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Song[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Yuan[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Yuan ta fara mulkin Genghis Khan, shugaban Mongoliya wanda ya karɓe iko daga daular Song. An dauke shi bare ne ba wayewa ba. Jikansa, Kublai Khan, na ɗaya daga cikin mashahuran mashahuran sarakunan daular Yuan. Ya buɗe ƙasar Sin ga sauran al'adu da yawa kuma ya kyautata rayuwar Sinawa sosai.

Daular Ming[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 1368, tawayen da Zhu Yuanzhang ke jagoranta ya ɓarke a kudancin kasar Sin, daga karshe ya kifar da daular Yuan. Daga nan Zhu Yuanzhang ya kafa daular Ming a Nanjing, babban birninta har sai sarki Yongle ya canza babban birnin zuwa Beijing . A karni na 15,wani mutum mai suna Zheng He ya dauki mafi yawan sojojin ruwa na Ming ya kuma bincika tekun Indiya, ya kawo dukiya da iko ga Daular Ming. Masarautar ta sami lokacin wadata har zuwa 1449, lokacin da Yakin Tumu ya ɓarke . A cikin yaƙin 'yan kabilar Mongol na Yuan sun kame sarkin kuma sun kewaye babban birnin. Bayan yakin da Mongols, Ming ya fara raguwa. A wannan lokacin, daular ta yi yaƙe -yaƙe biyu tare da Jafananci (na farko kan masu fashin teku na Japan ya faru a kudu maso gabashin China; na biyu a kan sojojin Toyotomi Hideyoshi wadanda suka mamaye Koriya), da yaki kaya tare da Fotigal na Macao . Wadannan yaƙe -yaƙe a ƙarshe sun raunana daular da ke raguwa. A cikin 1616, tawaye sun ɓarke a Manchuria da Shanxi . Shekaru ashirin da takwas bayan haka, Manchus ya ƙetare Babban Ganuwar, ya mamaye babban birnin, ya lalata 'yan tawayen Shanxi.

Daular Qing[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Zamani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

 

Jamhuriyar China[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mao Zedong shi ne shugaban Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin daga 1949 har zuwa rasuwarsa a 1976.

A ƙarni na 21 ƙasar Sin ta zama ƙasa mafi arziki a duniya ta fuskar GDP .

Sauran shafukan yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]