Zazzabin Dengue

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Zazzabin Dengue cuta ce da sauro ke ɗaukarsa a wurare masu zafi ta hanyar ƙwayar cuta ta dengue.[1] Alamun suna farawa kwanaki uku zuwa sha hudu bayan kamuwa da cuta.[2] Waɗannan na iya haɗawa da zazzaɓi mai zafi, ciwon kai, amai, tsoka da ciwon haɗin gwiwa, da yanayin kurjin fata.[1][2] Farfadowa gabaɗaya yana ɗaukar kwanaki biyu zuwa bakwai.[1] A cikin ƙaramin adadin lokuta, cutar tana tasowa zuwa dengue mai tsanani, wanda kuma aka sani da zazzabin jini na dengue, wanda ke haifar da zubar jini, ƙananan matakan platelet na jini da zubar jini na jini, ko kuma cikin ciwo na dengue shock, inda ƙananan jini ke faruwa.[1][2]

Dengue yana yaduwa ta nau'ikan sauro na mata masu nau'in Aedes, musamman A. aegypti.[1][2] Kwayar cutar tana da iri biyar;[3][4] kamuwa da cuta tare da nau'in nau'i ɗaya yawanci yana ba da rigakafi na rayuwa ga irin wannan nau'in, amma kawai rigakafi na ɗan gajeren lokaci ga sauran.[1] Cutar da ke gaba tare da nau'i daban-daban yana ƙara haɗarin rikitarwa mai tsanani.[1] Akwai gwaje-gwaje da yawa don tabbatar da ganewar asali ciki har da gano ƙwayoyin rigakafi ga ƙwayar cuta ko RNA ta.[2]

An amince da allurar rigakafin cutar zazzabin dengue kuma ana sayar da ita a cikin ƙasashe da yawa.[5][6] Tun daga shekarar 2018, ana ba da shawarar maganin a cikin mutanen da suka kamu da cutar a baya, ko kuma a cikin mutanen da ke da yawan kamuwa da cutar kafin shekaru tara.[7][8] Sauran hanyoyin rigakafin sun hada da rage matsugunin sauro da takaita kamuwa da cizo.[1] Ana iya yin hakan ta hanyar kawar da ko rufe ruwan tsaye da kuma sanya tufafin da ke rufe da yawa daga cikin jiki.[1] Magani na m dengue yana tallafawa kuma ya haɗa da ba da ruwa ko dai ta baki ko a cikin jijiya don cuta mai laushi ko matsakaici.[2] Don ƙarin lokuta masu tsanani, ana iya buƙatar ƙarin jini.[2] Kimanin mutane rabin miliyan ne ke buƙatar shiga asibiti kowace shekara.[1] Ana ba da shawarar paracetamol (acetaminophen) maimakon magungunan da ba na steroidal anti-inflammatory ba (NSAIDs) don rage zazzabi da jin zafi a cikin dengue saboda yawan haɗarin zubar jini daga amfani da NSAID.[2][9][10]

Dengue ya zama matsala a duniya tun bayan yakin duniya na biyu kuma ya zama ruwan dare a kasashe fiye da 120, musamman a kudu maso gabashin Asiya, Kudancin Asiya da Kudancin Amurka.[8][11][12] Kimanin mutane miliyan 390 ne ke kamuwa da cutar a shekara kuma kusan 40,000 ke mutuwa.[8][13] A cikin 2019 an sami ƙaruwa mai yawa a cikin adadin lokuta.[14] Bayanin farko na barkewar cutar tun daga 1779.[12] An fahimci sanadin kamuwa da cuta da yaduwarta a farkon karni na 20.[15] Baya ga kawar da sauro, ana ci gaba da aiki na magunguna da aka yi niyya kai tsaye ga ƙwayoyin cuta.[16] An rarraba shi a matsayin cutar da aka yi watsi da ita a wurare masu zafi.[17]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 "Dengue and severe dengue Fact sheet N°117". WHO. May 2015. Archived from the original on 2 September 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Kularatne SA (September 2015). "Dengue fever". BMJ. 351: h4661. doi:10.1136/bmj.h4661. PMID 26374064.
  3. Normile D (October 2013). "Tropical medicine. Surprising new dengue virus throws a spanner in disease control efforts". Science. 342 (6157): 415. doi:10.1126/science.342.6157.415. PMID 24159024.
  4. Mustafa MS, Rasotgi V, Jain S, Gupta V (January 2015). "Discovery of fifth serotype of dengue virus (DENV-5): A new public health dilemma in dengue control". Medical Journal, Armed Forces India. 71 (1): 67–70. doi:10.1016/j.mjafi.2014.09.011. PMC 4297835. PMID 25609867.
  5. East S (6 April 2016). "World's first dengue fever vaccine launched in the Philippines". CNN. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  6. "First FDA-approved vaccine for the prevention of dengue disease in endemic regions". FDA (Press release). 1 May 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  7. "Dengue vaccine: WHO position paper – September 2018" (PDF). Weekly Epidemiological Record. 36 (93): 457–76. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Dengue and severe dengue". www.who.int (in Turanci). Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  9. "Dengue". United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 28 March 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2018. Use acetaminophen. Do not take pain relievers that contain aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil), it may lead to a greater tendency to bleed.
  10. WHO (2009), pp. 32–37.
  11. Ranjit S, Kissoon N (January 2011). "Dengue hemorrhagic fever and shock syndromes". Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 12 (1): 90–100. doi:10.1097/PCC.0b013e3181e911a7. PMID 20639791.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Gubler DJ (July 1998). "Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 11 (3): 480–96. doi:10.1128/cmr.11.3.480. PMC 88892. PMID 9665979.
  13. "Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017". Lancet. 392 (10159): 1736–88. November 2018. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32203-7. PMC 6227606. PMID 30496103.
  14. "Dengue and severe dengue". www.who.int (in Turanci). Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  15. Henchal EA, Putnak JR (October 1990). "The dengue viruses". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 3 (4): 376–96. doi:10.1128/CMR.3.4.376. PMC 358169. PMID 2224837. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011.
  16. Noble CG, Chen YL, Dong H, Gu F, Lim SP, Schul W, Wang QY, Shi PY (March 2010). "Strategies for development of Dengue virus inhibitors". Antiviral Research. 85 (3): 450–62. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2009.12.011. PMID 20060421.
  17. "Neglected Tropical Diseases". cdc.gov. 6 June 2011. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.