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An-Nisa'

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An-Nisa'
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An-Nisa'[1] An-Nisa' (Larabci: ٱلنِّسَاء, An-Nisāʾ; ma'ana: Mata) ita ce sura ta huɗu (sūrah) na Alqur'ani, mai ayoyi 176 (āyāt). Taken ya samo asali ne daga yawan nassoshi ga mata a cikin dukan surar, gami da aya ta 34 da ayoyi 4:127-130.

Rarrabewa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dangane da lokaci da mahallin abin da aka gaskata wahayi (Asbāb al-nuzūl), sura ce ta Madina kamar yadda Muhammad Husayn (Tabataba'i) ya tabbatar, wanda ya bayyana cewa lallai wannan surar ta sauka ne bayan hijira a kan abin da ya faru.[2]


Ko da yake an-Nisā yawanci yana fitowa ne a matsayin sura ta huɗu, bisa ga rabe-raben surori na Nöldeke, bisa al’adun Musulunci, “Matan” an kusan saukar da su a matsayin sura ta ɗari. Amir-Ali ya sanya ta a matsayin sura ta 94, yayin da Hz. Osman da Ibn Abbas sun yi imani da ita ce ta 92. Imam Ja'afar as-Sadiq ya sanya shi kamar yadda sura ta 91 ta saukar. Bisa ga dokar da ta shafi marayu, an fi samun wannan surar ne bayan an kashe musulmi da dama a yakin Uhudu, inda aka bar masu dogaro da yawa a cikin sabuwar al'ummar musulmi. Don haka wahayin ya fara ne a shekara ta uku kamar yadda kalandar Musulunci ta tanada, amma ba a kammala ba sai shekara ta takwas. Saboda haka, an saukar da sassan wannan sura, mafi tsayi na biyu a cikin Alqur'ani a lokaci guda tare da sassan "Mace Jarabawa," sura 60. Amma, surar ta nuna jigon jigo, duk da rarrabuwar kawuna da gudana.[3]


Bugu da ƙari, dangane da sanya wannan sura a cikin Alƙur'ani gabaɗaya, Neal Robinson ya lura da abin da yake magana da shi a matsayin "ƙuƙumma" na surori.[4] A bisa wannan ra'ayi na tsari, wata surah ta ƙare da batun da aka ɗauko a cikin sura ta gaba. Iyalan Imrana, sura ta 3, sun hada da yin bahasi kan namiji da mace a kusa da karshen surar (3:195)[lWannan jigon ya ci gaba a farkon sura ta 4: "Ya ku mutane, ku bi Ubangijinku da takawa, wanda Ya yi halitta. ku daga rai guda, kuma daga gare ta ne aka halicci ma'auranta, kuma daga gare su biyun suka watsu maza da mata masu yawa a nesa; ku bi Allah da takawa tsarin edita da ke cikin oda surori.

Manzarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/An-Nisa
  2. http://tanzil.net/#4:34
  3. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Kathir#Tafsir
  4. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tafsir_al-Jalalayn