Beni Hammad Fort

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Globe icon.svgBeni Hammad Fort
قلعة بني حماد (ar)
Citadelle des Beni Hammad قلعة بني حماد 12.jpg

Wuri
 35°48′50″N 4°47′36″E / 35.8139°N 4.7933°E / 35.8139; 4.7933
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaAljeriya
Province of Algeria (en) FassaraM'Sila Province (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 150 ha
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1007 (Gregorian)
Rushewa 1090 (Gregorian)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci

Beni Hammad Fort, wanda ake kira Al Qal'a na Beni Hammad (Larabci: قلعة بني حماد) birni ne mai kagara a Algeria. Yanzu ya zama kango, a cikin karni na 11, ya zama babban birni na farko na daular Hammadid. Yana cikin tsaunukan Hodna arewa maso gabas na M'Sila, a tsawan mita 1,418 (4,652 ft), kuma yana karɓar ruwa mai yawa daga tsaunukan da ke kewaye. Beni Hammad Fort yana kusa da garin Maadid (wanda aka fi sani da Maadhid), kimanin kilomita 225 (mil 140) kudu maso gabashin Algiers, a cikin Maghreb.

A cikin 1980, UNESCO ta sanya shi a matsayin Tarihin Duniya, kuma an bayyana shi a matsayin "ingantaccen hoto na birni mai ƙarfi na Musulmai".

Garin ya hada da dogon layi mai tsawon kilomita 7 (4 mi) mai tsawo. A cikin ganuwar akwai rukunin gidaje guda huɗu, kuma mafi girman masallaci da aka gina a Aljeriya bayan na Mansurah. Ya yi daidai da zane kamar Babban Masallacin Kairouan, tare da minaret mai tsayi, mita 20 (66 ƙafa).

Gano ƙasa ya fito da terracotta, lu'u-lu'u, tsabar kudi da kayan karafa masu yawa da ke ba da shaidar babban wayewa a ƙarƙashin daular Hammadid. Hakanan daga cikin kayan tarihin da aka gano akwai maɓuɓɓugan kayan ado da yawa waɗanda suke amfani da zaki azaman motif. Ragowar gidan sarki, wanda aka fi sani da Dal al-Bahr, sun hada da gidaje uku daban da lambuna da rumfuna suka ware.

Dar al-Bahr, Fadar Tekun[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An yi wa gidan sarautar Dar al-Bahr suna don wurin wanka na murabba'i mai kusurwa huɗu, wanda aka auna mita 67 da 47 (220 da 154 ft). An yi amfani da gangaren hawa a ƙarshen ƙarshen tafkin don ƙaddamar da jiragen ruwa. Nassoshi game da nuni na ruwa a cikin wannan tafkin ya bayyana a cikin asusun baƙi na wannan lokacin. Wurin ya kewaye shi da farfajiya, kuma an shiga ta ƙofar faɗuwa a gefen gabas. Yammacin tafkin farfajiya ce mai tsayi kuma tsakar gida tare da lambuna. A bangon bangon fadar, lambuna sun fadada gabas zuwa yamma a duk fadin garin, kuma zuwa zurfin kusan mita 100 (330 ft). Har yanzu gwanayen ba masu binciken kayan tarihi sun bincika su ba, kodayake an gano maɓuɓɓugan kayan ado.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hammad ibn Buluggin, ɗan Buluggin ibn Ziri, wanda ya kafa Algiers ne ya gina sansanin soja a 1007. Birnin ya zama babban birnin Hammadid Berbers, kuma ya ci gaba da kewayewa daga Zirid a cikin 1017. A cikin 1090 an yasar da shi cikin barazanar Banu Hilal, kuma Almohads sun lalata wani ɓangare a cikin 1152.

Gallery[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tarihin tarihin Larabawa na Larabawa da na Yammacin Turai

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • D. Fairchild Ruggles, Islamic Gardens and Landscapes. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008, pg. 165.
  • UNESCO Website for Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]