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Ceddo

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Ceddo
Asali
Lokacin bugawa 1977
Asalin suna Ceddo
Asalin harshe Faransanci
Ƙasar asali Faransa
Characteristics
Genre (en) Fassara drama film (en) Fassara
During 120 Dakika
Launi color (en) Fassara
Direction and screenplay
Darekta Ousmane Sembène
Marubin wasannin kwaykwayo Ousmane Sembène
'yan wasa
Other works
Mai rubuta kiɗa Manu Dibango (en) Fassara
Kintato
Narrative location (en) Fassara Afirka
External links

Cedar (wowo suna [ˈtʃɛd.do]),[1] wanda aka fi sani da The Outsiders, fim ne na wasan kwaikwayo na Senegal na 1977 wanda Ousmane Sembène ya jagoranta.[2] wo shigar da shi cikin bikin fina-finai na kasa da kasa na Moscow na 10.[3]

Labarin fim

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Labarin ya faru ne a Senegal, wani lokaci bayan kafa kasancewar Turai a yankin amma kafin tilasta mulkin mallaka na Faransa kai tsaye. Ceddo (baƙi, ko waɗanda ba Musulmai ba) suna ƙoƙarin adana al'adun gargajiya daga Islama, Kiristanci, da cinikin bayi. Lokacin da Sarkin yankin Demba War ya kasance tare da Musulmai, Ceddo ya sace 'yarsa, Dior Yacine, don nuna rashin amincewa da tilasta musu zuwa Islama. Biyu daga cikin kabilar sun yi ƙoƙari kuma sun kasa sake kama yarima. Tsoron matsayinsu yana cikin barazana, Imam na yankin ya karfafa mabiyansa Musulmai su kashe sarki da fararen masu sayar da bayi na Kirista. Sun mayar da dukan ƙauyen zuwa addinin musulunci da karfi, kuma sun sami nasarar sake kama yarima. Lokacin da ta dawo ƙauyen, Dior Yacine ta tara ceddo a kan Musulmai, kuma ta kashe Imam wanda ya kwace mahaifinta.

Lokacin da aka tambaye shi game da shekarar da fim din ke faruwa Ousmane ya ce "Ba zan iya ba da kwanan wata ba. Wadannan abubuwan sun faru ne a karni na 18 da 19 kuma har yanzu suna faruwa". Ana iya kallon labarin a matsayin taƙaitaccen tarihin Afirka ta Yamma, kuma ƙauyen a matsayin microcosm na nahiyar. Ga Sembène, Ceddo yana nuna juriya ga al'ada da hanyar rayuwa ta gargajiya ga mamayewar Islama, Kiristanci da mulkin mallaka. Darakta yi jayayya: "Na yi imanin a yau cewa 'yan Afirka dole ne su wuce batun launi, dole ne su gane matsalolin da ke fuskantar duniya baki daya, kamar yadda mutane suke fuskanta kamar sauran mutane. Idan wasu sun raina mu, wannan ba shi da wata mahimmanci a gare mu. Afirka dole ne ta wuce samun komai daga ra'ayin Turai. Afirka dole ta yi la'akari da kanta, ta gane matsalolin ta kuma ta yi ƙoƙari ta warware su. "Ya ce kawai maza da ke magana, amma mutum ya manta da rawar, sha'awar mata. Ina tsammanin yarima ta zamani ba za ta Afirka ba za ta iya zama ba. "

Tare wasu fina-finai na Sembène, an dakatar da Cedar a Senegal don gabatar da rikice-rikice tsakanin addinan Islama da na Kirista da kabilanci da al'adun gargajiya. [4] cewar wani asusun da aka ruwaito a cikin The New York Times a cikin 1978, haramcin ba "saboda kowane irin damuwa na addini ba ne, amma saboda Mista Sembene ya nace kan rubutun 'ceddo' tare da d biyu yayin da Gwamnatin Senegal ta nace a rubuta shi da ɗaya. " [1] Sembène ya kasance babban mai goyon bayan kokarin farko don haɓaka tsarin rubutun harshen Wolof, da kuma wallafe-wallafen Wolof na farko, kuma ya yi magana da raini game da Shugaba Léopold Sédar Senghor, ko rashin ilimin Wolof. Senghor Serer , kuma a cikin yarensa, ba kamar Wolof da sauran harsuna da ake magana a Senegal ba, ba a ninka ma'anar sau biyu ba.

Sembène kuma sanya haramcin kansa, ƙin yin bugawa da yawa na fim ɗin ga wakilan Shah, don amfani a Iran a matsayin makami na farfaganda game da roko na Ayatollah Khomeini.[5]

  1. "Ousmane Sembene – In Memoriam" Archived 2013-06-21 at the Wayback Machine, Harvard Film Archive.
  2. ""Essential Cinema: Ceddo"". Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  3. "10th Moscow International Film Festival (1977)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
  4. Vincent Canby, "Film: 'Ceddo,' a Pageant From Sembene's Africa:Stately Power Struggle", The New York Times, 17 February 1978.
  5. "Ceddo – Senses of Cinema". 28 December 2000.