Jump to content

Chola vista

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Chola vista


Wuri
Map
 32°37′40″N 117°02′53″W / 32.6278°N 117.0481°W / 32.6278; -117.0481
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaTarayyar Amurka
Jihar Tarayyar AmurikaKalifoniya
County of California (en) FassaraSan Diego County (en) Fassara
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 275,487 (2020)
• Yawan mutane 2,041.79 mazaunan/km²
Home (en) Fassara 79,486 (2020)
Labarin ƙasa
Located in statistical territorial entity (en) Fassara San Diego metropolitan area (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 134.924575 km²
• Ruwa 4.7286 %
Altitude (en) Fassara 66 ft
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1911
Tsarin Siyasa
• Gwamna John McCann (en) Fassara
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 91909–91915, 91921
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 619
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo chulavistaca.gov

Chula Vista Chula Vista (/ ˌtʃuːlə ˈvɪstə/ CHOO-lə VIST-ə; lafazin Spanish don 'Kyakkyawan kallo', lafafi [ˈtʃula ˈβista]) birni ne, a cikin San Diego County, California, Amurka. Hakanan birni ne na biyu mafi girma a yankin San Diego, birni na bakwai mafi girma a Kudancin California, birni na goma sha biyar mafi girma a cikin jihar California, kuma birni mafi girma na 78 a Amurka. Yawan jama'a ya kai 275,487 bisa ga ƙidayar 2020, sama da 243,916 kamar na ƙidayar 2010. Yana kusa da rabin hanya—mil 7.5 (kilomita 12.1 )—tsakanin manyan garuruwan San Diego da Tijuana a cikin Kudancin Bay, birnin yana tsakiyar ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun yankuna masu bambancin al'adu a Amurka. Sunan Chula Vista haka ne saboda kyakkyawan wurinta tsakanin San Diego Bay da tsaunin tuddai na bakin teku.[1]


Yankin, tare da San Diego, Kumeyaay ne ke zama kafin su tuntuɓar Mutanen Espanya, waɗanda daga baya suka yi iƙirarin yankin. A cikin 1821, Chula Vista ta zama wani ɓangare na sabuwar daular Mexica da aka ayyana, wacce ta sake fasalin Jamhuriyar Mexiko ta Farko shekaru biyu bayan haka. California ta zama wani yanki na Amurka a cikin 1848 sakamakon yakin Mexico da Amurka kuma an shigar da shi cikin ƙungiyar a matsayin jiha a cikin 1850.[2]


An kafa shi a farkon karni na 19 kuma an haɗa shi a cikin Oktoba 1911, an sami karuwar yawan jama'a cikin sauri a kwanan nan a cikin birni. Ana zaune a cikin birni ɗaya daga cikin ƴan cibiyoyin Horar Olympics na Amurka na kowace shekara, yayin da shahararrun wuraren yawon buɗe ido sun haɗa da Sesame Place San Diego, Amphitheater Credit Union na Tsibirin Arewa, marina na Chula Vista, da Cibiyar Gano bakin teku.[3]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An samo burbushin halittun ruwa, a cikin hanyar belemnitida daga Jurassic, a cikin iyakokin zamani na Chula Vista. Sai lokacin Oligocene ba a gano burbushin halittun ƙasa ba; ko da yake an sami burbushin zamanin Eocene a Bonita na kusa. Sai shekaru 10,000 da suka gabata ne aka sami ayyukan ɗan adam a cikin iyakokin zamani na Chula Vista, musamman a kwarin Otay na mutanen San Dieguito. Mafi dadewar wurin zama na ɗan adam a cikin iyakokin zamani na Chula Vista, Mutanen Espanya sun sanya wa suna Otai a cikin 1769, kuma an mamaye shi tun shekaru 7,980 da suka gabata. Wani wurin da dan Adam ya fara zama a cikin iyakokin zamani na Chula Vista yana a Rolling Hills Site, wanda ya kasance shekaru 7,000 da suka gabata.[4]

A cikin 3000 KZ, mutanen da ke magana da yaren Yuman (Quechan) sun fara ƙaura zuwa yankin daga Kogin Lower Colorado Valley da kuma kudu maso yammacin Arizona na hamadar Sonoran. Daga baya kabilar Kumeyaay ta zo ta mamaye ƙasar, wanda birnin yake a yau, kuma ya zauna a yankin tsawon ɗaruruwan shekaru. Kumeyaay ya gina ƙauyen da aka fi sani da Chiap (ko Chyap) wanda ke kusa da laka a ƙarshen Kudancin Kudancin Bay

  1. https://www.chulavistaca.gov/departments/city-manager/about-us
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20130703101857/http://www.thirdavenuevillage.com/events/lemon-festival
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20141103002921/http://www.calafco.org/docs/Cities_by_incorp_date.doc
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20121221095445/http://www.chulavistaca.gov/city_services/community_services/library/LocalHistoryMuseum/heritageMuseum.asp