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Cocin Saint George, Lalibela

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Cocin Saint George, Lalibela
Ikklisiyoyi na Rock-Hewn, Lalibela
Wuri
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaHabasha
Region of Ethiopia (en) FassaraAmhara Region (en) Fassara
Zone of Ethiopia (en) FassaraSemien Wollo Zone (en) Fassara
District of Ethiopia (en) FassaraLasta (en) Fassara
Mazaunin mutaneLalibela (en) Fassara
Coordinates 12°01′54″N 39°02′28″E / 12.031625°N 39.041147222222°E / 12.031625; 39.041147222222
Map
History and use
Opening12 century
Suna saboda Saint George (en) Fassara
Addini Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (en) Fassara
Suna Saint George (en) Fassara

Cocin Saint George (Amharic: Bete Giyorgis) tana ɗaya daga cikin majami'u guda goma sha ɗaya waɗanda aka yanka a Lalibela, wani birni ne a yankin Amhara na Habasha. Asali mai suna Roha (Warwar), wurin tarihi da addini an sanya masa suna Lalibela bayan Sarki Gebre Mesqel Lalibela na daular Zagwe, wanda ya bada umarnin gina shi. Cocin Ethopia Orthodox Tewahedo Church na daukar sa a matsayin waliyi.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bete Giyorgis (Cocin St. George) daga sama, ɗaya daga cikin majami'u da aka sassaƙa dutse a Lalibela

Cocin Saint George an sassaka shi daga ƙasa daga wani irin ƙuƙwalwar dutsen mai fitad da wuta. Wannan shine kayan aikin gine-ginen da aka yi amfani dashi a cikin tsarin. An sanya shi a ƙarshen 12 ko kuma farkon karni na 13 miladiyya, kuma ana tunanin an gina shi a zamanin Sarki Gebre Mesqel Lalibela, na zamanin daular Zagwe.[1] Yana daga cikin sanannun sanannen kuma ƙarshe wanda aka gina daga majami'u goma sha ɗaya a cikin yankin Lalibela, kuma an kira shi "Abin Mamaki na Takwas a Duniya".[2] Lalibela, Sarkin Habasha, ya nemi kirkirar Kudus, kuma ya tsara yanayin majami'u da wuraren addini ta yadda za a cimma wannan nasarar. “Coci-coci a Lalibela sun haɗu a cikin manyan rukuni biyu, ɗaya tana wakiltar Urushalima ta duniya, ɗayan kuma tana wakiltar Urushalima ta sama. Wuri tsaye tsakanin su akwai rami mai wakiltar Kogin Urdun”. Girman matakalen yana da mita 25 zuwa 25 daga 30 zuwa mita 30,[3] kuma akwai ƙaramin gulbin ninkaya na baftismar a wajen cocin, wanda ke tsaye a cikin ramin wucin gadi.

Dangane da tarihin al'adun Habasha, Bete Giyorgis an gina shi ne bayan Sarki Gebre Mesqel Lalibela na daular Zagwe ya yi hangen nesa inda aka ba shi umarnin gina cocin; Saint George[4][5] da Allah[2] duk an ambace su a matsayin waɗanda suka ba shi umarnin.

Lalibela wuri ne na hajji ga membobin Cocin Orthodox na Orthodox na Habasha; cocin da kanta bangare ne na UNESCO World Heritage Site "Rock-Hewn Church, Lalibela".[6]

A hanyar farko da shafin ya bayyana babu yadda za'a iya shiga, tare da zubewa a kowane bangare kuma babu gadar shiga. Ana samun damar ta hanyar kunkuntar igiyar ruwa da aka yi da mutum, tana karkata zuwa ƙasa, wanda ke canzawa zuwa rami kusa da cocin, don ƙara ɓoye gabanta.

Mahajjatan da suka mutu bayan sun isa wurin an saka su a cikin kabarin da ya buɗe a bangon waje.

Abun da ke cikin rami ya ƙunshi tsafin mai sauƙi ga St. George kuma, a bayan labule (an hana shi kallo baya ga firistoci) akwai kwatankwacin akwatin alkawari.

Bete Giyorgis an rubuta shi a sarari a cikin 2005.[7][8]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Moriarty, Colm. "St. George's Church, Ethiopia". Irish Archaeology. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Lalibela:The Eighth Wonder of the World". Tzu Chi Foundation. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2006.
  3. "Rock-Hewn Churches of Lalibela". Sacred Destinations. Retrieved 10 November 2006.
  4. "The recording of Bet Giorgis". GIS Development. Retrieved 10 November 2006.
  5. "Ethiopia". L.B. Associates (Pvt) Limited. Archived from the original on 1 March 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2006.
  6. "Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 10 November 2006.
  7. Ruhter, Heinz. "An African Heritage Database" (PDF). isprs.org.
  8. 3D model of Bete Giyorgis

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Fine Art Photos from the Church
  • Gallery of photos of the church's interior and exterior
  • Info on the church of Lalibela
  • A 3D representation of the church of Lalibela