Cutar hanta A

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Cutar hanta A
Cutar hanta AMatsalar canjawar launin fata wadda cutar hanta ke jawowa A
Matsalar canjawar launin fata wadda cutar hanta ke jawowa A
Rabe-rabe da ma'adanai da waje
ICD/CIM-10B15 B15
ICD/CIM-9070.0, 070.1 070.0, 070.1
DiseasesDB5757
MedlinePlus000278

Cutar hanta (wadda a da aka fi sani da cutar hanta mai yaɗuwa) wata matsananciyar cuta mai yaɗuwa da ke shafar hanta wadda ƙwayar cutar hepatitis A ke haifarwa (HAV).[1] Yawancin matsalolinta na da ƙarancin bayyana musamman ga ƙananan yara.[2] Lokaci tsakanin kamuwa da kuma bayyana, ga waɗanda suka kamu, na tsakanin mako biyu da mako shida.[3] Idan akwai alamu, yawaici su kan ɗauki tsawon mako takwas kuma za su iya haɗawa da tashin zuciya, amai, gudawa, fata ta koma launin ɗorawa, zazzaɓi, da ciwon ciki.[2] Kimanin kaso 10–15% na jama'a na haɗuwa da maimaituwar bayyanar alamu a cikin tsawon watanni shida bayan kamuwar farko.[2] Matsanancin hali na gazawar hanta kan afku musamman ga tsofaffi.[2]

Yawaici wannan cuta na yaɗuwa ta hanayar cin abinci ko abin sha wanda ya gurɓata da bayan garin da ya harbu.[2] Karfashen kifi wanda bai dahu sosai ba shi ne tushen da aka fi sani.[4] Kuma za'a iya yaɗata ta hanyar cuɗanya ta kusa-da-kusa da mutumin da ya kamu.[2] A yayin da alamomin cutar wasu lokuta ba sa bayyana ga yara ƙanana, za su iya harbar wasu.[2] Bayan kamuwa sau guda, mutum ya sami kariya iya tsawon rayuwarsa.[5] Yin magani na bukatar gwajin jini sabo da alamomin cutar sun yi kama da sauran wasu cutuka.[2] Tana daga cikin ƙwayoyin hepatitis: A, B, C, D, and E.

Allurar hepatitis A ta fi inganci wajen kariya.[2][6] Wasu ƙasashe na bayar da shawarar yinta ga ƙananan yara da kuma waɗanda suka fi shiga cikin haɗarin kamuwa da ita waɗanda ba'a yi masu riga-kafi ba a baya.[2][7] Ta na da matuƙar amfani ga rayuwa.[2] Wasu hanyoyin kariya sun haɗa da wanke hannu da kuma dafa abinci sosai.[2] Babu takamaiman jiyya, tare da sauran domin maganin tashin zuciya ko gudawa da aka bayar da shawara domin sha dangane da bukata.[2] Ana iya maganin kamuwa gaba ɗaya kuma ba tare da ci gaban cutar hanta ba.[2] Jiyyar matsananciyar cutar zuciya, idan ta afku, sai dai ta hanayar dashen zuciya.[2]

A duniya gaba ɗaya kimanin alamomin cutar miliyan 1.5 ke afkuwa ko wace shekara[2] tare da miliyoyin kamuwa da cutar gaba ɗaya.[8] Ta fi samuwa a ɓangarorin duniya marasa tsafta da kuma rashin ruwan sha mai tsafta.[7] A ƙasashe masu tasowa kimanin kaso 90% na yara ne su ka kamu daga shekara 10 kuma sabo da haka su ka sami kariya lokacin da suka girma.[7] A kan sami ɓarkewarta wasu lokuta a ƙasashe masu tasowa inda yara ba su da kariya lokacin da su ke tasowa kuma babu isasshen riga-kafi.[7] A shekara ta 2010, mummunar cutar hanta ta yi sanadin mutuwa 102,000.[9] Ranar Cutar Hanta ta Duniya na afkuwa a kowace shekara a ranar 28 ga watan Yuli domin wayar da kan jama'a dangane da mummunar cuta ta hanata.[7]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Ryan KJ, Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. pp. 541–4. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9. 
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 Matheny, SC; Kingery, JE (1 December 2012). "Hepatitis A.". Am Fam Physician 86 (11): 1027–34; quiz 1010–2. PMID 23198670. 
  3. Connor BA (2005). "Hepatitis A vaccine in the last-minute traveler". Am. J. Med. 118 (Suppl 10A): 58S–62S. PMID 16271543. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.07.018. 
  4. Bellou, M.; Kokkinos, P.; Vantarakis, A. (March 2013). "Shellfish-borne viral outbreaks: a systematic review.". Food Environ Virol 5 (1): 13–23. PMID 23412719. doi:10.1007/s12560-012-9097-6. 
  5. The Encyclopedia of Hepatitis and Other Liver Diseases. Infobase. 2006. p. 105. ISBN 9780816069903. 
  6. Irving, GJ.; Holden, J.; Yang, R.; Pope, D. (2012). "Hepatitis A immunisation in persons not previously exposed to hepatitis A.". Cochrane Database Syst Rev 7: CD009051. PMID 22786522. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009051.pub2. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 "Hepatitis A Fact sheet N°328". World Health Organization. July 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  8. Wasley, A; Fiore, A; Bell, BP (2006). "Hepatitis A in the era of vaccination.". Epidemiol Rev 28: 101–11. PMID 16775039. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxj012. 
  9. Lozano, R (Dec 15, 2012). "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010". Lancet 380 (9859): 2095–128. PMID 23245604. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61728-0.