Ertuğrul

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Ertuğrul
ارطغرل
Bey
Ghazi
Ertugrul-gazi-1.jpg
16th century miniature of Ertuğrul
Uç Bey of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum
Karaga Unknown – c. 1280
Gada daga Office established
Magaji Osman I
Haihuwa Unknown
Mutuwa c. 1280
Söğüt, Sultanate of Rum
Birnewa
Tomb of Ertuğrul Gazi, Söğüt, Bilecik Province
Spouse Halime Hatun (disputed)
Issue
Names
Ertuğrul bin Suleyman Shah (ارطغرل بن سلیمان شاہ)
Ertuğrul bin Gündüz Alp (ارطغرل بن گندوزآلپ)
Mahaifi Suleyman Shah or Gündüz Alp[5][6]
Mahaifiya Hayme Ana[5]

Ertuğrul ko Ertuğrul Gazi ( Ottoman Turkish  ; Turkmen  ; mutu c. 1280 ) shi ne mahaifin Osman I. Ba a san komai game da rayuwar Ertuğrul ba. A bisa al'adar Ottoman, shi dan Suleyman Shah ne, shugaban kabilar Kay ((ikirarin da ya sha suka daga masana tarihi da yawa) [8] na Turkawan Oghuz, wadanda suka gudu daga yammacin Asiya ta Tsakiya zuwa Anatolia don tserewa Mongol ya ci nasara, amma a maimakon haka ya kasance ɗan Gündüz Alp . A cewar wannan tatsuniyar, bayan rasuwar mahaifinsa, Ertuğrul da mabiyansa sun shiga hidimar masarautar Rum, wanda a kansa aka ba shi lada tare da mamayar garin Söğüt a kan iyaka da daular Byzantine . [9] Wannan ya sanya jerin abubuwan da zasu haifar da kafuwar Daular Usmaniyya .

Tarihin rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babu wani abu da aka sani da tabbaci game da rayuwar Ertuğrul, ban da cewa shi ne mahaifin Osman; saboda haka an tilasta wa masana tarihi dogaro da labaran da Ottomans suka rubuta game da shi fiye da ƙarni ɗaya daga baya, waɗanda suke da daidaitattun tambayoyi. Kudin da ba a fidda ba, wanda ake tsammani daga lokacin Osman, tare da rubutun "Minted by Osman dan Ertuğrul", yana nuna cewa Ertuğrul mutum ne mai tarihi. :31 Wani tsabar kudin yana karanta "Osman bin Ertuğrul bin Gündüz Alp", [6] duk da cewa a al'adance Ertuğrul ɗan Suleyman Shah ne.

Iididdigar tsabar kuɗi daga Osman I, wanda ke nuna kasancewar Ertuğrul kuma mahaifin Ertuğrul shine Gündüz Alp

A cikin Enveri 's Düsturname (1465) da Karamani Mehmet Pasha ' (kafin 1481), Suleyman Shah ya maye gurbin Gündüz Alp a matsayin mahaifin Ertugrul. Bayan Aşıkpaşazade 's labarinsa Tevārīḫ-i al-i'Osman (15th karni), Suleyman Shah version zama hukuma daya.

Mahaifin Ertuğrul a cikin Tarihin Osman I na daban bisa ga masana tarihin Ottoman daban-daban

A cewar majiyoyin Turkiyya da yawa, Ertuğrul yana da 'yan'uwa maza uku masu suna; Sungur-tekin, Gündoğdu da Dündar . [2] Bayan mutuwar mahaifinsu, Ertuğrul tare da mahaifiyarsa Hayme Hatun, Dündar da mabiyansa daga Kay the Tribe sun yi ƙaura zuwa yamma zuwa Anatolia kuma suka shiga Seljuk Sultanate na Rum, suka bar brothersan uwansa biyu waɗanda suka ɗauki danginsu zuwa gabas. Ta wannan hanyar, ıabilar Kayı ta kasu kashi biyu . Dangane da waɗannan al'adun daga baya, Ertuğrul shine shugaban ƙabilarsa ta Kayı.

Sakamakon taimakon da ya baiwa Seljuks a kan Rumawa, Ertuğrul an ba shi filaye a Karaca Dağ, wani yanki mai tsaunuka tsakanin Diyarbakır da Urfa, ta Kayqubad I, Seljuk Sultan na Rum. Wani asusu ya nuna cewa dalilin da ya sa shugaban Seljuk ya bayar da filayen Ertuğrul ya kasance ga Ertuğrul don tunkude duk wata kiyayya daga Rumawa ko kuma wasu masu adawa da ita. [10] Daga baya, ya karɓi ƙauyen Söğüt wanda ya ci nasara tare da ƙasashen da ke kewaye da shi. Wancan ƙauyen, inda daga baya ya mutu, ya zama babban birnin Ottoman ƙarƙashin ɗansa, Osman I. [6] Mahaifiyar Osman ana kiranta Halime Hatun a cikin tatsuniyoyi na gaba, kuma akwai kabari a wajen Kabarin Ertuğrul Gâzi wanda ke da sunan, amma ana rigima da shi.

A cewar majiyoyi da yawa, yana da wasu 'ya'ya maza biyu ban da Osman I: Saru-Batu (Savci) Bey [6] da Gündüz Bey. Kamar ɗansa, Osman, da zuriyarsu, Ertuğrul galibi ana kiransa Ghazi, gwarzo gwarzo mai gwagwarmaya don addinin Islama . [11]

Kabarin Ertuğrul, Söğüt

Abun tunawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kabari da masallaci da aka keɓe wa Ertuğrul an ce Osman I ne ya gina shi a Söğüt, amma saboda sake ginawa da yawa babu abin da za a iya faɗi game da asalin waɗannan gine-ginen. Sultan Abdul Hamid II (1842 - 1918) ya gina mausoleum na yanzu a ƙarshen karni na 19. Garin Söğüt na bikin shekara shekara don tunawa da mutanen Osman na farko. :37

Jirgin ruwan Ottoman <i id="mwnQ">Ertuğrul</i>, wanda aka ƙaddamar a 1863, an sa masa suna. Abdul Hamid II shima yana da jirgin ruwa mai suna iri daya. Masallacin Ertuğrul Tekke (ƙarshen karni na 19) a Istanbul, Turkiyya da Masallacin Ertuğrul Gazi da ke Ashgabat, Turkmenistan (wanda aka kammala a 1998), duk an ambaci su don girmama shi. Gwamnatin Turkiyya ce ta kafa masallacin a kasar ta Turkmenistan a matsayin wata alama ta alakar da ke tsakanin Turkiyya da Turkmenistan.

Ertuğrul ɗayan ɗayan mutum-mutumi ne da suka kewaye Tunawa da 'Yancin Kai a Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. Mutum-mutumin ya nuna mutanen da aka yaba a cikin Ruhnama, jagorar ruhaniya da shugaban Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov ya rubuta . An kuma nuna mutum-mutumin Ertuğrul a kan tsabar tunawa da 2001.

Aungiyar haɗin kai mai zaman kanta a Lahore, Pakistan ta sanya mutum-mutumi 2 na Ertu onrul a kan dawakai. Diriliş ne ya yi musu wahayi : Ertuğrul, wani shiri ne na shekarar 2014. An kafa tsattsauran Ertuğrul a Ordu, Turkiyya a cikin 2020. Localananan hukumomi sun cire shi bayan an nuna cewa yayi kama da Ertuğrul-actor daga wannan TV-series.

A cikin almara[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An nuna Ertugrul a cikin jerin shirye-shiryen talabijin na Turkiyya Kuruluş/Osmancık [tr] (1988), wanda aka ciro shi daga wani labari mai suna iri daya, Diriliş: Ertuğrul (2014—2019) da kuma mai zuwa Kuruluş: Osman (2020).

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Bishiyar dan Ottoman
  • Gidan Tarihin Söğüt Ertuğrul Gazi
  • Casar Karacahisar
  • Ertuğrul Osman, "Ottoman Karshe"

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

 Kuma duk Wanda yayi musu kan asalin garin kay an kitkiteshine a karni na 15, koma babu isassun hujjojin dazasu yadda DA hakan. 

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named sons
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Âşıkpaşazâde, History of Âşıkpaşazâde; & İnalcık, Halil (2007). "Osmanlı Beyliği'nin Kurucusu Osman Beg". Belleten (in Harshen Turkiyya). Ankara. 7: 483, 488–490. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "three sons" defined multiple times with different content
  3. "Ertuğrul" (PDF). 2019-12-16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-12-16. Retrieved 2020-12-19.
  4. "OSMANLI BEYLİĞİ\'NiN KURUCUSU OSMAN BEG - HALİL İNALCIK.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved 2020-11-08.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named misper
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Template:TDV Encyclopedia of Islam Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "islamansiklopedisi" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "islamansiklopedisi" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "islamansiklopedisi" defined multiple times with different content
  7. Kafadar, Cemal (1995). Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-520-20600-7. That they hailed from the Kayı branch of the Oğuz confederacy seems to be a creative "rediscovery" in the genealogical concoction of the fifteenth century. It is missing not only in Ahmedi but also, and more importantly, in the Yahşi Fakih-Aşıkpaşazade narrative, which gives its own version of an elaborate genealogical family tree going back to Noah. If there was a particularly significant claim to Kayı lineage, it is hard to imagine that Yahşi Fakih would not have heard of it
    • Lowry, Heath (2003). The Nature of the Early Ottoman State. SUNY Press. p. 78. ISBN 0-7914-5636-6. Based on these charters, all of which were drawn up between 1324 and 1360 (almost one hundred fifty years prior to the emergence of the Ottoman dynastic myth identifying them as members of the Kayı branch of the Oguz federation of Turkish tribes), we may posit that...
    • Shaw, Stanford (1976). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Cambridge University Press. p. 13. The problem of Ottoman origins has preoccupied students of history, but because of both the absence of contemporary source materials and conflicting accounts written subsequent to the events there seems to be no basis for a definitive statement.
  8. who argue either that the Kayı genealogy was fabricated in the fifteenth century, or that there is otherwise insufficient evidence to believe in it.[7]
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named shaw
  10. Ali Anooshahr, The Ghazi Sultans and the Frontiers of Islam, pg. 157
  11. Southeastern Europe under Ottoman rule, 1354-1804, By Peter F. Sugar, pg.14