Euthanasia

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Euthanasia
manner of death (en) Fassara, assisted dying (en) Fassara da end of life decision making (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na medical practice (en) Fassara, kisan kai da Suicide methods
Has goal (en) Fassara prevention (en) Fassara
Alaƙanta da Ƴancin mutuwa
Gudanarwan Accabadora (en) Fassara
Richard Jenne, wanda aka azabtar da shirin euthanasia na Nazi a Kaufbeuren-Irsee Sanitorium
hoton euthanasia
hoton injin in euthanasia

Euthanasia (daga Greek: εὐθανασία 'kyakkyawan mutuwa': εὖ, eu 'da kyau, mai kyau' + θάνατος, thanatos 'mutuwa') shine al'ada ta ƙare rayuwa don kawar da ciwo da wahala kuncin rayuwa da gangan.[1]

Euthanasia
Euthanasia

Kasashe daban-daban suna da dokokin euthanasia daban-daban. Majalisar Dokokin Biritaniya ta zabo kwamiti kan da'a na likitanci ta bayyana euthanasia a matsayin "tsangwama da gangan da aka yi tare da bayyana aniyar kawo karshen rayuwa, don kawar da wahala mai wuyar gaske". [2] A cikin Netherlands da Belgium, an fahimci euthanasia a matsayin "kashewar rayuwa ta likita bisa buƙatar mai mara lafiya". Dokar Dutch, duk da haka, ba ta amfani da kalmar 'euthanasia' amma ta haɗa da ra'ayi a ƙarƙashin ma'anar "taimakawa wajen kashe kai da kuma ƙare rayuwa akan buƙata".[3]

Wani kasshesshen bera kenan

An rarraba Euthanasia ta hanyoyi daban-daban, waɗanda suka haɗa da na son rai, da ba na son rai, ko na son rai. Euthanasia na son rai shine lokacin da mutum ya so a kashe rayuwarsa kuma ya zama doka a yawan ƙasashe. Euthanasia ba na son rai ba yana faruwa ne lokacin da ba a sami izinin majiyyaci ba kuma yana da doka a wasu ƙasashe ƙarƙashin ƙayyadaddun sharuɗɗa, a cikin nau'ikan aiki da kuma active and passive forms. euthanasia na son rai, wanda ake yi ba tare da neman izini ba ko kuma akasin nufin majiyyaci, haramun ne a duk ƙasashe kuma yawanci ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin kisan kai.

Kamar yadda na 2006 euthanasia ya zama yanki mafi aiki na bincike a ilimin halittu. A wasu ƙasashe ana samun sabani tsakanin jama'a game da ɗabi'a, ɗa'a, da lamuran shari'a masu alaƙa da euthanasia.[4] Passive euthanasia (wanda aka sani da "jawo toshe") doka ce ta wasu yanayi a ƙasashe da yawa. Euthanasia mai aiki, duk da haka, doka ce ko kuma ta zama doka a cikin ƙasashe kaɗan kawai (misali: Belgium, Kanada da Switzerland), waɗanda ke iyakance shi ga takamaiman yanayi kuma suna buƙatar amincewar masu ba da shawara da likitoci ko wasu kwararru. A wasu ƙasashe-irin su Najeriya, Saudi Arabia da Pakistan-goyon bayan euthanasia mai aiki kusan babu.
Mutuwar Socrates, na Jacques-Louis David (1787), yana nuna Socrates yana shirye-shiryen shan hemlock, bayan da aka yanke masa hukuncin lalata matasan Athens.


Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Voluntary Euthanasia". Voluntary Euthanasia (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Plato.stanford.edu. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2019. When a person performs an act of euthanasia, she brings about the death of another person because she believes the latter's present existence is so bad that he would be better off dead, or believes that unless she intervenes and ends his life, his life will very soon become so bad that he would be better off dead.
  2. "Euthanasia". Worldrtd.net. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2017. Philosopher Helga Kuhse: "'Euthanasia' is a compound of two Greek words – eu and thanatos meaning, literally, 'a good death'. Today, 'euthanasia' is generally understood to mean the bringing about of a good death – 'mercy killing,' where one person, A, ends the life of another person, B, for the sake of B."Empty citation (help)
  3. Carr, Claudia (2014). Unlocking Medical Law and Ethics (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 374. ISBN 9781317743514. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  4. Borry P, Schotsmans P, Dierickx K (April 2006). "Empirical research in bioethical journals. A quantitative analysis". J Med Ethics. 32 (4): 240–45. doi:10.1136/jme.2004.011478. PMC 2565792. .