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Gariep Dam

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Gariep Dam
Wuri
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaAfirka ta kudu
Province of South Africa (en) FassaraFree State (en) Fassara
Flanked by Orange River (en) Fassara
Coordinates 30°37′22″S 25°30′23″E / 30.6228°S 25.5064°E / -30.6228; 25.5064
Map
Manager (en) Fassara Eskom Eskom
Karatun Gine-gine
Tsawo 88 m
Tsawo 914 meters
Giciye Orange River (en) Fassara
Service entry (en) Fassara 1971
Maximum capacity (en) Fassara 360 megawatt (en) Fassara

Dam ɗin Gariep yana cikin Afirka ta Kudu, kusa da garin Norvalspont, yana iyaka da Lardunan Free State da Eastern Cape . Babbar manufarsa ita ce ban ruwa, amfanin gida da masana'antu da kuma samar da wutar lantarki.

Dam ɗin Gariep, a hukumarsa a shekarar 1971, asalin sunan shi ne madatsar ruwan Hendrik Verwoerd bayan Hendrik Verwoerd, Firayim Minista kafin da kuma bayan ranar 31 ga watan Mayun 1961, lokacin da ƙasar ta sauya daga Tarayyar Afirka ta Kudu zuwa Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Kudu . Koyaya, bayan ƙarshen wariyar launin fata, an ɗauki sunan Verwoerd bai dace ba. An canza sunan bisa hukuma zuwa Gariep Dam a ranar 4 ga watan Oktoban 1996. Gariep shi ne Khoekhoe don "kogin", asalin sunan Kogin Orange .[1]

Dam ɗin yana kan kogin Orange kimanin 48 kilometres (30 mi) arewa maso gabas na Colesberg da 208 kilometres (129 mi) kudu da Bloemfontein . Yana cikin kwazazzabo a ƙofar kwarin Ruigte kimanin 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) gabas da Norvalspont . Tsawon madatsar ruwan ya kai kimanin 1300 m (4250 ft) sama da matakin teku.

Bangon yana da 88 m tsayi kuma yana da tsayin ƙura na 914 m kuma ya ƙunshi kusan m³ miliyan 1.73 na siminti. Dam ɗin Gariep shi ne tafki mafi girma a Afirka ta Kudu. A cikin Ingilishi na Afirka ta Kudu, 'dam' yana nufin duka ga tsari da yawan ruwan da yake riƙe. Gariep Dam yana da jimlar iya ajiya na kusan 5,340,000 megalitres (5,340 hm3) da fili fiye da 370 square kilometres (140 sq mi) idan ya cika. Tashar wutar lantarki ta samar da wutar lantarki megawatt 90.

Nau'in ƙira da 'yan kwangila

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Tsarin ginin dam ɗin da aka gina shi ne. An zaɓi wannan ƙira yayin da kwazazzabin ya yi faɗi da yawa don cikakken baka don haka bangon bango yana samar da abubuwa masu nauyi zuwa tsakiyar baka.

Dumez, wani kamfanin gine-gine na ƙasarFaransa ne ya gina shi.

Koguna da spruits suna kwarara cikin dam

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  • Kogin Orange [2]
  • Kogin Caledon [2]
  • Brakspruit [2]
  • Broekspruit [2]
  • Oudagspruit [2]
  • Palmietspruit [2]
  • Slykspruit [2]

Yin amfani da ruwa, fita waje, abubuwan da aka samo asali da kuma karkatar da su

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Dole ne a kula da shi a hankali ta hanyar daidaita wadata-da buƙatu na wannan amfani da albarkatun ruwa don abubuwan da ake amfani da su na samar da wutar lantarki, ban ruwa (abinci) da ruwan sha na birni.

Sashen Ruwa - Basin Ruwan Orange - Taswira da zane-zane Archived 2022-06-16 at the Wayback Machine

Aikin Kogin Orange-Fish (Tunnel)

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Taswirar (Tunnel & Canals) Misali - Ƙarin cikakkun bayanai akan Sashen Ruwa - Kifi-Lahadi Archived 2021-08-17 at the Wayback Machine

  • Babban Kwarin Kifi, sannan ta hanyar Dam din Grassridge, ElandsDrift Wier, Gidan dafa abinci, De MistKraal Weir [3] zuwa
  • Lahadi River Valley ( Canals and Tunnels Scheme ) Arewa maso yamma na Port Elizabeth, sannan ta hanyar Darlington Dam, Korhaansdrift Weir, Canal, Scheepersvlakte Balancing Dam, [4] Babban Ruwan Ruwa [5] zuwa
  • Port Elizabeth, Nooitgedracht Aikin Kula da Ruwa, tun 1992 tare da ruwa daga Kwarin Lahadi

Gariep Hydro-Electric shuke-shuken wutar lantarki, wanda ke da nisa daga Gauteng</br> Karin Bayani da Bayani

Vanderkloof Dam

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Garin Garip

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Aikin Kogin Orange-Fish

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A Oviston, a gefen kudu na tafki, shine mashigar ruwan Kogin Orange-Fish, wanda ke ba da damar karkatar da ruwa zuwa babban kogin Kifi da galibin sassan yammacin Cape na Gabas .

Akwai ciniki a cikin amfani da ruwa don wutar lantarki da canja wurin ruwa a wasu yankuna kamar Port Elizabeth</br> Tsarin Canja wurin Tsarin Ramin Kogin Orange-Kifi na 1972 ( Port Elizabeth ) akan YouTube

  • Jerin sunayen koguna na Afirka ta Kudu
  • Jerin tafki da madatsun ruwa a Afirka ta Kudu
  1. "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 171.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Dept of Water Affairs website
  3. https://www.gfrwua.com/orange-river-project Archived 2020-10-02 at the Wayback Machine | Great Fish River Water Users Association since 1920
  4. https://www.gfrwua.com/orange-river-project Archived 2020-10-02 at the Wayback Machine Great Fish River Water Users Association since 1920
  5. http://www.dwa.gov.za/orange/Mid_Orange/fish-sun.htm Archived 2021-08-17 at the Wayback Machine Department of Water - Fish-Sundays

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje

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Bidiyo - Buɗewa | Documentaries | Gina

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