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Hippocrates na Chios

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Hippocrates na Chios
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Chios (en) Fassara, 470 "BCE"
Mutuwa 410 "BCE"
Karatu
Harsuna Ancient Greek (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a masanin lissafi, Ilimin Taurari da mai falsafa
Muhimman ayyuka lune of Hippocrates (en) Fassara
Wannan Muƙalar guntuwa ce: tana buƙatar a inganta ta, kuna iya gyara ta.
Lune na Hippocrates . Maganin sashi na aikin " Squaring the da'irar ", wanda Hippocrates ya ba da shawara. Yankin siffar inuwa daidai yake da yankin triangle ABC. Wannan ba cikakkiyar bayani ba ne na aikin (cikakken bayani an tabbatar da cewa ba zai yiwu ba tare da kamfas da madaidaiciya ).

Hippocrates na Chios ( Girkanci; c. 470 – c. 410 BC) tsohon masanin lissafin Girka ne, geometer, kuma masanin ilimin taurari.

An haife shi a tsibirin Chios, asalinsa ya kasance ɗan kasuwa ne. Bayan wasu al'amurra marasa dadi (ya masa fashi, ko dai barayi ko kuma gurbatattun ma'akatan kostam) ya zarce zuwa Athens, watakila don shari'a, inda ya zama babban masanin lissafi.

A garin Chios, watakila Hippocrates ya kasance dalibin masanin lissafi kuma masanin ilimin taurari wato Oenopides na Chios. A cikin aikinsa na ilmin lissafi akwai yiwuwar ya koya wajen Pythagorean ma, watakila ta hanyar sadarwa tsakanin Chios da tsibirin Samos da ke makwabtaka da su, cibiyar tunanin Pythagorean: An kwatanta Hippocrates a matsayin 'para-Pythagorean', masanin falsafa' 'abokin tafiya'. Hujjoji na "Rage" kamar su reductio ad absurdum gardama (ko hujja ta sabani) an samo su zuwa gare shi, kamar yadda yake amfani da iko don nuna sikwaya na layi. [1]

Lissafi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babban abin da Hippocrates ya cim ma shi ne cewa shi ne farkon wanda ya fara rubuta littafin koyarwa na geometry da aka tsara, wanda ake kira Elements (Στοιχεῖα, Stoicheia ), wato, ainihin theorems, ko tubalan ginin ka'idar lissafi. Tun daga wannan lokacin, masu ilimin lissafi daga ko'ina cikin duniyar da, aƙalla bisa ƙa'ida, za su iya gina tsarin gama gari da salon, hanyoyi, da ka'idoji, waɗanda suka ƙarfafa ci gaban kimiyyar lissafi.

Littattafai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Ivor Bulmer-Thomas, 'Hippocrates of Chios', in: Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Charles Coulston Gillispie, ed. (18 Volumes, New York 1970–1990) pp. 410–418.
  • [Axel Anthon] Björnbo, 'Hippokrates', in: Paulys Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, G. Wissowa, ed. (51 Volumes; 1894–1980) Vol. 8 (1913) col. 1780–1801.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. W. W. Rouse Ball, A Short Account of the History of Mathematics (1888) p. 36.