Mary Margaret O'Reilly

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Mary Margaret O'Reilly
Mary M. O'Reilly was acting director of the Mints and Assay Office of the United States Department of the Treasury B.jpg
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Springfield (en) Fassara, 14 Oktoba 1865
ƙasa Tarayyar Amurka
Mazaunin Massachusetts
Hay–Adams Hotel (en) Fassara
Mutuwa Washington, D.C., 6 Disamba 1949
Karatu
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a civil servant (en) Fassara
Employers United States Mint (en) Fassara  (1904 -  1938)

Mary Margaret O'Reilly (haihuwa 14 ga Oktoba 1465)   - 6 ga Disamba, 1949) ta kasance wata ma'aikaciyar gwamnati ne na Amurka wanda ta yi aiki a matsayin Mataimakin Darakta a Ofishin Mint na Amurka daga shekarar 1924 zuwa 1938. ta kasance daga cikin manyan ma’aikatan mata na gwamnatin Amurka na lokacin ta, ta yi aiki a Mint har tsawon shekaru 34, a lokacin da ta kasance mataimakiyar darekta a lokacin babu Jagorar Mint . O'Reilly an haife shi a Springfield, Massachusetts ga dangin baƙi na Irish . Lokacin da ta girma a wannan jihar, ta bar makarantar a kusan shekara 14 don taimakawa tallafawa mahaifiyarta da gwauraye. Wataƙila ta fara aiki a masana'antar masana'anta ta gida, ta sami horo na musamman a makarantar dare kafin ta fara aiki a matsayin magatakarda a cikin Worcester shekaru goma sha takwas. A cikin 1904, O'Reilly ya sami matsayi a ofishin Mint, wanda ya haifar da matsawa zuwa Washington, DC Ta tashi cikin sauri a cikin ofishin ofis – abin da baƙon abu ba ne ga mace a wancan lokacin – kuma ana kiranta akai-akai don yin shaida a gaban Majalisar Wakilai . Da yawa daga cikin daraktocin na Mint sun kasance wakilai ne na siyasa waɗanda ba su da ilimi ko ƙwarewa game da ayyukan ofishin, aikin tafiyar da aikin ba shi da yawa. A shekarar 1924 aka nada ta a matsayin Mataimakin Darakta. A cikin 1933, Mint ta sami Mataimakin Shugabanta na farko, Nellie Tayloe Ross, kuma duk da rashin amincewa ta farko tsakanin ta da O'Reilly, sun sami dangantaka mai ƙarfi. Kodayake an shirya yin ritaya na wajibi a 1935, ana ganin O'Reilly yana da matukar muhimmanci ga ayyukan ofishin wanda Shugaban Amurka Franklin D. Roosevelt ya jinkirta hakan har zuwa 1938. A shekarun baya, O'Reilly ya ci gaba da kasancewa a Washington DC; Ba ta sake tsunduma kanta cikin harkar ta Mint ba, a maimakon haka, ta mai da hankali sosai ga aikin agaji na Katolika .

Farkon Rayuwa da aiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Mary Margaret O'Reilly a Springfield, Massachusetts, [1] a ranar 14 ga Oktoba, 1865. Iyayenta, James A. da Joanna O'Reilly, baƙi ne daga Ireland, kuma Maryamu tana ɗaya daga cikin yara biyar. [ Iyalin sun zauna a Springfield da Chicopee na kusa , Massachusetts, inda James O'Reilly mai sayar da kayan giya ne. Ya mutu bayan fama da rashin lafiya a 1873. Kazalika da hanawa dangin kudin shiga, rasuwarsa ta haifar da matsalar shari'ar dangi: Austin O'Reilly, [ƙananan-alpha 1] magatakarda a kasuwancin O'Reilly na yanzu., yayi ƙoƙarin sasantawa ta hanyar sayar da ragowar barasa, amma ba shi da lasisin yin hakan. Joanna O'Reilly ta musanta kowane ilimin harkokin kasuwanci. Kotun Kolin Massachusetts ta tabbatar da hukuncin Austin na safarar barasa ba tare da lasisi ba. [2] Maryamu ta bar makaranta bayan aji tara, a kai tsaye ko kuma bayan shekara 14, saboda taimakon da ake buƙata na tallafawa dangi. Wataƙila ta yi aiki don ɗayan masana'antar masana'anta na gida, kuma ta halarci makarantar dare don horarwa a matsayin magatakarda da mai saƙo. Daga 1885 zuwa 1903, ta yi aiki a matsayin magatakarda, tana zaune a Worcester tare da ɗan uwanta, a cikin gidan kwana da mahaifiyarsu ta mallaka.

Aiki da ma'aikatar Mint (1904-1938)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ofishin Ofishin Mint na Amurka ya dauki O'Reilly a matsayin Mawaki na wucin gadi a cikin 1904, lokacin da ta cika shekaru 38, ta girmi yawancin sabbin ma'aikata. [2] Ta yi aiki a Washington, DC hedkwatar Ofishin Ofishin Mint, inda Daraktan Mint George E. Roberts ya gamsu da kwarewar kasuwancinsa da iyawar sa. Da farko tana da matsayin ɗan lokaci ne kawai, an maishe ta ma'aikaci na dindindin a cikin 1905, sannan kuma aka sake haɓaka wannan shekarar zuwa Makarantar Kifi na 1 a kan albashin $ 1,200. Lokacin da aka tura Margaret Kelly Babban Jami'in Bincike na Ofishin Mint a 1911, abubuwan da suka kawo cigaba a cikin ta sun hada da O'Reilly, wanda ya kasance mai rikodin asusun. Wannan ya sanya ta zama babban magatakarda na Babban Ofishin Mint, tare da alhakin sake duba dukkan kwangilolin. [4] A cewar Teva J. Scheer, masanin tarihin Nellie Tayloe Ross (Daraktan Mint na karshe na O'Reilly kafin yin ritaya) "lallai ne ya kasance yana buƙatar kusan haɗin da ba a taɓa gani ba game da tuƙi da kuma hankali ga [O'Reilly] don haura zuwa yanzu ta hanyar kungiyar a cikin yanayin aikinta na maza-maza ". [5]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Miss Mary O'Reilly, U.S. Mint Ex-Aide, 84" (PDF). The New York Times. December 6, 1949. p. 31.
  2. Commonwealth v. Austin O'Reilly, 116 Mass. 14, 14 (Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. September 25, 1874).