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Mutanen Gonja

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Mutanen Gonja
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Ghana
Gonja, Ngbanya
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Mulkin Dagbon, Yankin Arewa (Ghana)
Harsuna
Harshen Gonja, Faransanci
Addini
Islam
Kabilu masu alaƙa
rukuni na Mutanen Guang

Gonja (kuma Ghanjawiyyu, endonym Ngbanya) masarauta ce a arewacin Ghana wanda Sumaila Ndewura Jakpa ya kafa a shekara ta 1675.[1] Kalmar kuma tana iya nufin mutanen wannan masarauta.

Gonja ’yan Guan ne da Dagbon da Akan da Mande da Hausawa suka yi musu tasiri. Da faduwar daular Songhai (a shekara ta 1600), dangin Mande Ngbanya sun ƙaura zuwa kudu, suka haye Black Volta suka kafa birni a Yagbum. Tun asali an raba masarautar Gonja zuwa sassan da ’yan’uwan Sumaila Ndewura Jakpa maza ke kula da su ciki har da ‘ya’yansu da jikoki.[1]

Karkashin jagorancin Naba'a aka kafa daular Ngbanya ta Gonja. An kafa babban birnin ne a Yagbum.[2]

Ngbanya ya faɗaɗa cikin sauri, inda ya ci maƙwabta da dama a cikin kwarin White Volta tare da fara cinikin zinari mai riba tare da jihohin Akan ta hanyar Begho na kusa. A shekara ta 1675, Gonja ya kafa wani babban sarki, mai suna Yagbongwura, don sarrafa masarautar. Daular Ngbanya ta mallaki wannan matsayi tun daga kafuwarta har zuwa yau, tare da wasu gajeru guda biyu kawai. Yagbongwura na yanzu, Tuntumba Sulemana Jakpa Bore Essa, ya rike mukaminsa tun 2010.

Hakimai da dattawan Gonja a baje kolin balaguro na kogin Volta (1950)

Al'ummar Gonja na zamanin mulkin mallaka ta rabu gida biyu, mai ajin mulki, ajin ƴan kasuwa musulmi, ajin ƴan ta'adda, da kuma aji na bawa. Tattalin arzikinta ya dogara ne akan cinikin bayi daga Afirka ta Tsakiya[3] da kola, musamman ta kasuwar garin Salaga, wanda wani lokaci ake kira "Timbuktu na Kudu."

Harshen Gonja, wanda ake kiransa da kyau Ngbanya ko Ngbanyito,[4] yaren Tano ne a cikin dangin yaren Kwa, yana da alaƙa da harsunan Akan.[5]

Fitattun Mutane

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]
  • Jack Goody, "The social organisation of the LoWiili", Oxford University Press, 1956
  • Jack Goody, The Ethnology of the Northern Territories of the Gold Coast, West of the White Volta, 1958
  • Jack Goody, Death, Property and the Ancestors: A study of the mortuary customs of the Lodagaa of West Africa, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 1962
  • Jack Goody and J.A. Braimah, "Salaga: The Struggle for Power", London, Longmans, 1967
  • Jack Goody, The Myth of the Bagre, Oxford University Press, 1972
  • Goody, Esther and Jack Goody. "The Circulation of Women and Children in Northern Ghana." Man, New Series. 2.2 (1967): 226-248.
  • Wilks, Ivor. "Wangara, Akan and Portuguese in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries II: The Struggle for Trade." Journal of African History 23:4 (1982): 463-472.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Danver, Steven L. (2015). Native Peoples of the World: An Encyclopedia of Groups, Cultures and Contemporary Issues. Routledge (published 10 Mar 2015). p. 34. ISBN 9781317464006.
  2. Wilks,Ivor. Wangara, Akan, and Portuguese in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries (1997). Bakewell, Peter (ed.). Mines of Silver and Gold in the Americas. Aldershot: Variorum, Ashgate Publishing Limited. pp. 29–30.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. The Evolution of War: A Study of Its Role in Early Societies' by Maurice R. Davie
  4. Mary E. Kropp Dakubu (ed.), The Languages of Ghana, page 77
  5. Aspect and Modality in Kwa Languages. books.google.com. Google Books.