Jump to content

Mutanen Masalit

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Mutanen Masalit
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Cadi da Sudan

Masalit ( Masalit : masala / masara. Larabci: ماساليت‎ ) kabila ce dake zaune a yammacin Sudan da gabashin Chadi . Suna magana da yaren Masalit, wanda ke cikin dangin yarukan Nilo-Saharan .

Bayani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masalit dtin suna zaune ne a cikin gidansu Geneina, babban birnin yammacin Darfur, wasu dubunnan daga cikinsu suna zaune ne a Al Qadarif (Gabashin Sudan, a wasu yankuna na kudancin Janub Darfur kusan jihar 20,000.

Dangane da Ethnologue, akwai masu magana da Masalit 440,000 har zuwa na shekarar 2011. Daga cikin waɗannan, mutanen Sudan su dubu ɗari uku da hamsin.

Al'adar Masalit ta gano asalin mahaifarsu zuwa Tunisia . Sun wuce ta Chadi, daga ƙarshe suka sauka a yankin Sudan.

Masalit ana kuma kiransu da Kana Masalaka / Masaraka, Mesalit, da Massalit. Da farko su masanan noma ne, suna noman gyada da gero. Yankin kudu a cikin yankin su, suna shuka wasu albarkatu daban-daban, gami da dawa. Gidan Masalit na yau da kullun yana da sifa, kuma an gina shi da itace da itaciya.

Yawancin Masalit a yau suna bin addinin Islama, wanda suka fara amfani da shi a cikin karni na 17 ta hanyar tuntuɓar malamai masu tafiya.

Harshe[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masalit ɗin suna magana da yaren Masalit . Wanne ne daga cikin dangin Nilo-Saharan .

Masalit ya kasu zuwa yarurruka da dama, tare da bambancin da ake magana a Darfur ta Kudu ya bambanta da na yammacin Darfur. Ana magana da yaren arewacin Masalit zuwa gabas da arewacin Geneina.

Harshen Masalit yana da kusanci sosai da harsunan Marfa, Maba da Karanga. Ya raba 45% na kalmominsa tare da Marfa, 42% tare da Maba, da 36% tare da Karanga.

Yawancin Masalit suna magana da harshe biyu cikin Larabci, sai dai a yankin tsakiyar, inda ake magana da Yaren Sahara da Saharar farko.

Ana rubuta Masalit ta amfani da rubutun Latin .

Halittar jini[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cewar Hassan et al. (2008), kusan 71.9% na Masalit sune masu jigilar E1b1b haplogroup na uba. Daga cikin waɗannan, kashi 73.9% suna ɗaukar ƙaramin ƙaramar V32. Kusan 6.3% kuma suna cikin ƙungiyar Jp . Wannan yana nuni ne ga mahimmin kwayar halittar uba daga maƙwabtan Afro-Asiatic -speaking. Sauran Masalit sune masu jigilar jigilar A3b2 (18.8%), wanda ya zama ruwan dare tsakanin Nilote.

Mahaifiyar, Masalit gabaɗaya sun kasance daga tushen asalin Afirka na macrohaplogroup L a cewar masani Hassan (2010). Daga cikin waɗannan maganganun mtDNA, layin L0a1 (14.6%) da L1c (12.2%) sun fi yawa. Wannan gabaɗaya yana nuna cewa shigarwar kwayar halitta cikin asalin kakannin Masalit ba ta dace ba, tana faruwa ne ta hanyar maza masu magana da harshen Afro-Asiatic maimakon mata.

Sananne Masalit mutane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Usumain Baraka (an haife shi a shekara ta 1994), ɗan gwagwarmaya

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]