Salawat

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Wikidata.svgSalawat
salutation (en) Fassara da kalma
Bayanai
Harshen aiki ko suna Larabci

Salawat (Larabci: صَلَوَات, ṣalawāt sg. Salat; kuma ana kiranta albarkar Allah a kan Annabi Muhammadu, durood shareef ko durood-e-Ibrahim) jumla ce ta Larabci kyauta, wacce ta ƙunshi salati ga Annabi Muhammadu. Musulmai sukan furta wannan jumlar a matsayin wani ɓangare na sallolinsu na yau da kullun sau biyar (galibi a lokacin tashahhud) da kuma lokacin da aka ambaci sunan Annabi Muhammad.[1][2]

Salawat jam'i ne na salat (Larabci: صَلَاة) kuma daga tushe mai tushe na ṣ-l-w haruffan "ṣād-lām-wāw" (ص ل و) wanda ke nufin "addu'a" ko "gaisuwa".[3]

Masanan ilimin larabci suna da ra'ayin cewa ma'anar kalmar salawat za ta bambanta gwargwadon wanda ya yi amfani da kalmar, da kuma wa ake amfani da ita.[4]

Alqur'ani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Alkur'ani 33:56 yana cewa:

"Lallai Allah da mala'ikunsa suna salati ga Annabi. Ya ku wadanda suka yi imani! Ku yi salati a gare shi, da gaisuwar aminci!".[5]

A cikin mahallin Islama[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

"Lokacin da Muhammadu ya aiko Salawat a kan muminai, yana nuna addu'arsa don jin daɗin su, albarka da ceton su."[5]

A cikin Islama, lokacin da Mala'iku Musulmi ko na Musulunci (malā'ikah) suka karanta salawat, yana nufin suna aikawa da shi zuwa ga annabi kuma suna nuna girmamawa ga Muhammadu, yayin da lokacin da wannan da kansa yake aikawa da annabi da Allah da kansa, yana nufin ya godiya ga Allah.[1]

  • An kuma ruwaito cewa Annabi Muhammad yana cewa: "Mutum mafi ƙanƙanta shi ne wanda ba ya kiran Salawat a kaina idan aka ambaci sunana a gabansa."[6][7]
"Salati ga Allah su tabbata a gare shi da alayensa da salama"(صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ)
  • Ibn Asakri ya ruwaito daga al-Hasan bin Ali cewa Annabi Muhammad ya ce: "Ku yawaita Salati a kaina, domin addu'ar ku tana taimakawa ga gafarar zunuban ku. Kuma ku yi min salati mai girma da roƙo, domin tabbas cetona zai roƙi alherinku a gaban Allah."[8]
  • Akwai ruwaya daga Ja’afar al-Sadik daga Annabi Muhammad. Ya ce: "Duk rokon Allah zai kasance cikin mayafi daga sama har sai an aiko da Salati ga Muhammad SAW da Iyalan gidansa."[9]
  • A wani hadisin, an nakalto daga Ja'afar Sadik cewa: "Duk wanda ya yi salati ga Annabi SAW da Iyalan gidansa yana nufin 'Ina tsaye akan alkawarin da na yi lokacin da Allah ya tambaye ni,'Shin ba ni ne ubangijinku ba? Kuma ni ya amsa da cewa kai ne."[10]

Salawat Nasiha[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dangane da rahotanni daban -daban,[11] Muhammadu ya ba da shawarar Salawat ɗin da ke gaba:

ʾAllāhumma ṣalli ʿalā Muḥammadin wa ʿalā ʾāli Muḥammadin kamā ṣallayta ʿalā ʾIbrāhīma wa ʿalā ʾāli ʾIbrāhīma ʾinnaka Ḥamīdun Majīdun ʾAllāhumma bārik ʿalā Muḥammadin wa ʿalā ʾāli Muḥammadin kamā bārakta ʿalā ʾIbrāhīma wa ʿalā ʾāli ʾIbrāhīma ʾinnaka Ḥamīdun Majīdun

Allah ka tsarkake Muhammadu da iyalan Muhammadu, kamar yadda ka tsarkake Ibrahim da iyalan Ibrahim. Lallai Kai Abin Godiya ne Mai Girma. Allah yi salati ga Muhammad da alayen Muhammadu, kamar yadda Ka yi albarka ga Ibrahim da alayen Ibrahim. Lallai Kai Abin Godiya ne Mai Girma.

An kuma ruwaito cewa Annabi Muhammad yana cewa: "Kada ku kira salawat cikakke a kaina". Sahabah ya tambaye shi: "Me bai cika salawat ba?"Ya amsa musu:" Lokacin da kuka ce: 'Ya Allah, ka sanya albarka ga Muhammad' sannan ka tsaya kan hakan. Maimakon haka ka ce: ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ Allah! Ka aiko da albarkarka ga Muhammadu da zuriyar Muhammadu."[12]

Iri -iri na Salawat[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akwai jumloli daban -daban na Salawat waɗanda za a iya amfani da su. Mafi yawan jumla sune:

Larabci Harshe
IPA
Phrase
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ʾallāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammadin wa-ʾāli muḥammad
/ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma sˤal.li ʕa.laː mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʔaː.li mu.ħam.ma.din/
Ya Allah kayi salati ga Muhammad da Zuriyar Muhammadu.
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ʾallāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammadin wa-ʾalā ʾāli muḥammad
/ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma sˤal.li ʕa.laː mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʕa.laː ʔaː.li mu.ħam.ma.din/
Ya Allah ka yi salati ga Muhammad da alayen Muhammadu.
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ʾallāhumma ṣalli wa-sallim ʿalā muḥammadin wa-ʾalā ʾāli muḥammad
/ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma sˤal.li wa.sal.lim ʕa.laː mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʕa.laː ʔaː.li mu.ħam.ma.din/
Ya Allah ka yi salati da sallama da albarka ga Muhammad da alayen Muhammadu.
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ʾallāhumma ṣalli wa-sallim wa-bārik ʿalā muḥammadin wa-ʾalā ʾāli muḥammad
/ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma sˤal.li wa.sal.lim wa.baː.rik ʕa.laː mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʕa.laː ʔaː.li mu.ħam.ma.din/
Ya Allah ka yi salati da aminci da albarka da albarka ga Muhammad da alayen Muhammadu.
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ وَسَلِّمْ وَبَارِكْ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ أَجْمَعِينَ وَعَلىٰ جَمِيعِ ٱلْمَلَائِكَةِ وَجَمِيعِ ٱلْأَنْبِيَاءِ وَٱلْمُرْسَلِينَ وَٱلشُّهَدَاءِ وَٱلصِّدِّيقِينَ وَجَمِيعِ عِبَادِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلصَّالِحِينَ ʾallāhumma ṣalli wa-sallim wa-bārik ʿalā muḥammadin wa-ʾalā ʾāli muḥammadin ʾajmaʿīna wa-ʿalā jamīʿi l-malāʾikati wa-jamīʿi l-ʾanbiyāʾi wa-l-mursalīna wa-š-šuhadāʾi wa-ṣ-ṣiddīqīna wa-jamīʿi ʿibādi -llāhi ṣ-ṣāliḥīn
/ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma sˤal.li wa.sal.lim wa.baː.rik ʕa.laː mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʕa.laː ʔaː.li mu.ħam.ma.din ʔad͡ʒ.ma.ʕiː.na wa.ʕa.laː d͡ʒa.miː.ʕi‿l.ma.laː.ʔi.ka.ti wa.d͡ʒa.miː.ʕi‿l.ʔan.bi.jaː.ʔi wal.mur.sa.liː.na waʃ.ʃu.ha.daː.ʔi wasˤ.sˤid.diː.qiː.na wa.d͡ʒa.miː.ʕi ʕi.baː.di‿l.laː.hi‿sˤ.sˤaː.li.ħiː.na/
Ya Allah, yi salati da aminci da albarka ga Annabi Muhammad da alayen Muhammadu baki daya, da dukkan Mala'iku, da dukkan Annabawa, Manzanni, shahidai da masu gaskiya, da [dukkan] salihan bayin Allah.
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَجِّلْ لِوَلِيِّكَ ٱلْفَرَجَ وَٱلْعَافِيَةَ وَٱلنَّصْرَ ʾallāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammadin wa-ʾāli muḥammadin wa-ʿajjil li-walīyika l-faraja wa-l-ʿāfiyata wa-n-naṣr
/ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma sˤal.li ʕa.laː mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʔaː.li mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʕad͡ʒ.d͡ʒil li.wa.liː.ji.ka‿l.fa.ra.d͡ʒa wal.ʕaː.fi.ja.ta wan.nasˤ.ra/
Ya Allah ka yi albarka ga Muhammad da Zuriyar Muhammadu, kuma ka gaggauta sauƙaƙe mataimakinka (watau Imam Mahadi), ka ba shi ƙarfi da nasara.((Yawancin yan Shia ne ke karantawa))
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ ʾallāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammadin wa-ʾāli muḥammadin wa-ʿajjil farajahum
/ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma sˤal.li ʕa.laː mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʔaː.li mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʕad͡ʒ.d͡ʒil fa.ra.d͡ʒa.hum/
Ya Allah ka yi albarka ga Muhammad da Zuriyar Muhammadu, kuma ka gaggauta rage musu radadi. Yawancin yan Shia ne ke karantawa
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ وَٱلْعَنْ أَعْدَاءَهُمْ ʾallāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammadin wa-ʾāli muḥammadin wa-ʿajjil farajahum wa-lʿan ʾaʿdāʾahum
/ʔaɫ.ɫaː.hum.ma sˤal.li ʕa.laː mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʔaː.li mu.ħam.ma.din wa.ʕad͡ʒ.d͡ʒil fa.ra.d͡ʒa.hum wal.ʕan ʔaʕ.daː.ʔa.hum/
Ya Allah ka yi albarka ga Muhammad da Zuriyar Muhammadu, ka gaggauta rage musu raddi da la’antar makiyansu.

Falalar karatun Salawat[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Wanda ya yi salati 10 ga Annabi Muhammadu da alayensa, Allah da mala'ikunsa za su yi salati dubu a kansa, kuma duk wanda ya yi salati dubu ga Annabi Muhammadu da iyalansa, wutar jahannama ba za ta shafe shi ba.[13]
  • Aiko salati ga Muhammadu da zuriyarsa yana share fagen neman ceton sa a ranar shari'a.[14]
  • Yin salati ga Annabi Muhammadu da zuriyarsa ya zama diyyar zunubai.[15]
  • Yin salati ga Annabi Muhammadu da iyalan gidansa shi ne mafi girman nauyi a kan ma'aunin ayyuka.[16]
  • Salati ga Annabi Muhammadu da iyalansa ya kai ga soyayyar Allah da manzonsa.[17]
  • Salati ga Annabi Muhammadu da iyalan gidansa tsarkake ayyuka.[18]
  • Salati ga Annabi Muhammadu da iyalansa za su zama haske a cikin kabari, gadar As-Sirat da Aljanna.[19]
  • Salawat ya yi haske yana buɗe zuciya.[20]
  • Salawat yana daga cikin mafi kyawun ayyuka ranar Juma'a.[21]
  • Karatun Salawat da ƙarfi yana kawar da munafurci.[22]
  • Aiko Salati ga Annabi Muhammadu da iyalan gidansa yana fitar da mutum daga wutar jahannama.[23]
  • Ci gaba da karatun Salawat yana biyan buƙatun mutum na duniya da na sama (addu'a).[24]

Unicode[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Unicode
rikodin utf-8 alama sunan unicode kwafi larabci turanci
ﷺ صلى الله عليه وسلم Arabic sign SALLALLAHOU ALAYHE WASSALLAM Sallallahu alayhe wasallam صلى الله عليه وسلم Blessings of Allah be upon him!

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zubair, Khwaja Mohammed (2017-05-31). "Salutations on our dear Prophet". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 2021-09-17.
  2. "Muhammad, Shuaib ." Knowing the Certainty.e-book, 2010
  3. "Abbas Jaffer, Masuma Jaffer." T Quranic Science. ICAN Press,2009
  4. Muḥammad Muṣṭafá, Badawī (1975). A critical introduction to modern Arabic poetry. Cambridge University Press.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Seyed Mahmoud Madani" Special Salawaat of the month of Sha'aban. Ansariyan,2014
  6. "Muhammad Imran" Path of paradise. Islamic Book Centre,1900
  7. https://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/48/177
  8. Muḥammad Muṣṭafá, Badawī (1975). A critical introduction to modern Arabic poetry. Cambridge University Press.
  9. Muḥammad, Rayshahri (2008). Scale of wisdom. British Library.
  10. "Muhammad Ameen" Al-Burhan (The conclusive proof).Maktaba Subah-e-Noor, 1995
  11. "10 Immense Benefits of Durood Sharif Recitation & Supremacy" (in Turanci). Retrieved 2021-02-20.
  12. "Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din" The right path. The University of Michigan.
  13. Muhammad Rayshahri. Scale of wisdom. ICAS press.
  14. Prof Ramazan AYNALLI (2015). My Beloved prophet.
  15. Muhammad Baqir Ibn Muhammad Taqqi Majilisi (2003). Hayat Al-Qulub. Ansariyan publication.
  16. Sayyid Hussein Alamdar (2014). Self Building. Amazon.
  17. The University of Michigan (2009). Mahjubah-vol.24. Amazon.
  18. Muhammad Ibn Abd al Rahman (2008). Salat & Salam. White Thread press.
  19. Alamah Muhammad Baqir Al-Majilisi (2014). Ain-Al-Hayat;The Essence of life. Createspace Independence.
  20. Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani (2012). Salawat of tremendous blessings. Islamic Supreme Council of America.
  21. Muhammad Ibn Abd al Rahman (2008). Salat & Salam. White Thread press.
  22. Ahmad Muhani (2010). Al-Sahifah Al-Sajjadiyyah. Islamic propagation organization.
  23. Muhammad Baqir Ibn Muhammad Taqqi Majilisi (2003). Hayat Al-Qulub. Ansariyan publication.
  24. Hamza Yusuf (2012). Purification of heart. Amazon.