Troy

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Globe icon.svgTroy
Walls of Troy (2).jpg

Wuri
Troas.svg
 39°57′27″N 26°14′20″E / 39.9575°N 26.2389°E / 39.9575; 26.2389
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaTurkiyya
Province of Turkey (en) FassaraÇanakkale Province (en) Fassara
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Greek mythology (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 158 ha
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 3000 "BCE"
Rushewa 500 (Gregorian)
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo muze.gov.tr…
Ganuwar almara na Troy. Troy Homer yayi rubutu game dashi, ana kiran sa Troy VII a yau.
Babban fasalin ginin Troy
Taswirar Homeric Girka.

Troy birni ne, da ke a yankin arewa maso yammacin Asiya orarama . Ita ce cibiyar Yaƙin Trojan, kamar yadda aka faɗa a cikin waƙoƙi masu tsayi takwas, shida daga Zagaye na Epic[1] da biyu da Homer ya rubuta, Iliad da Odyssey .

A yau sunan wani yanki ne na kayan tarihi, wurin da ake kira Homeric Troy, a cikin Hisarlik a Anatolia, kusa da bakin teku a yankin da yanzu yake lardin Çanakkale a arewa maso yammacin Turkiyya, kudu maso yammacin Dardanelles .

UNESCO ta sanya wurin tarihin Troy a matsayin Wurin Tarihi na Duniya .

"Wurin binciken kayan tarihi na Troy yana da matuƙar mahimmanci wajen fahimtar ci gaban wayewar Turai a wani mawuyacin halin ci gabanta na farko. Hakanan, mahimmancin al'adu ne saboda tasirin Iliad na Homer a kan fasahar ƙere-ƙere sama da shekaru dubu biyu ". UNESCO ya ambata. [2]

Troy na Homer[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Troy kamar yadda aka gani a cikin asusun Homer tabbas gaskiya ne a sashi. Koyaya, ba daidai bane a yi tunanin asusunsa na tarihi daidai ne. Tare da wannan gargaɗin, wannan taƙaitaccen abubuwan da suka faru ne har zuwa yaƙin Trojan, galibi ana samo shi daga Iliad .

Troy ya kasance masarauta mai ƙarfi a cikin Tekun Bahar Rum, kuma ta sami ci gaba a cikin dogon mulkin Sarki Priam . Ya'yansa maza da yawa, gami da jarumi, mai ƙarfi, wanda ba a iya doke shi Hector, da Paris, halayyar ƙirƙira wacce ba ta da ƙarfi amma tana da ƙarfi, su ne sanannu a tarihin Troy.

A Girka akwai Masarauta da ake kira Mycene, mallakar mutanen Mycenaean ko Mykene, wanda Sarki Agamemnon ke mulki . Ya fara kamfen don matsa lamba ga biranen Girka ko masarautu kuma su kasance tare da shi kuma su auka wa Troy, don su mallaki dumbin arzikinta. Sarkin Ithaca, Odysseus (ko Ulysses, kamar yadda aka san shi ma), tare da Sarki Idomenous na Krit, tare da ƙarin Masarautu da Sarakuna har 22, sun kwashe shekaru goma suna kai wa Troy hari. Daga ƙarshe, Troy ya faɗi bayan juyin mulkin da Odysseus yayi tunani, ta amfani da dokin Trojan na ɓoye sojoji a ciki don samun sojoji a bayan layin Trojan.

Kafin faduwar Troy, a lokacin da aka fara Yaƙin, Sarki Priam ya nemi ƙirƙirar ƙawance da Masarautar Sparta mai ƙarfi a Girka ta Arewa, don kare Troy lokacin da yaƙin ya fara. Sarki Aeneas, ko Helikaon kamar yadda aka ce an san shi, Sarkin Dardanos, aboki ne ga Hektor da Sarki Priam, kuma ya kasance tare da Trojan a cikin yaƙin. Abun takaici, akan hanyar dawowa, bayan Hektor da Paris sun ƙulla ƙawance a Sparta, Paris ta dauki matar Sarkin Sparta, Gimbiya Helen, ba tare da yardar sa ba, tunda sun kamu da soyayya. Wannan ya ƙare ƙawancen, kuma daga ƙarshe Sparta ta shiga yaƙin Sarki Agammenon.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sauran yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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  1. The poems of the Epic Cycle only survive in fragments.
  2. UNESCO citation