Tsibirin Tanimbar

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Tsibirin Tanimbar da ke kudu da tsibirin Maluku
Jaruman Tanimbar.
Tsibirin Tanimbar
ID Tanimbar.PNG
General information
Height above mean sea level (en) Fassara 49 m
Yawan fili 5,430 km²
Labarin ƙasa
Geographic coordinate system (en) Fassara 7°30′S 131°30′E / 7.5°S 131.5°E / -7.5; 131.5
Wuri Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests (en) Fassara
Kasa Indonesiya
Territory Maluku (en) Fassara
Flanked by Banda Sea (en) Fassara
Ƙasantuwa a yanayin ƙasa Maluku Islands (en) Fassara
Hydrography (en) Fassara

Tsibiran Tanimbar, ana kuma kiran su Timur Laut , gungun tsibirai ne kusan 65 a cikin lardin Maluku na kasar Indonesia . Mafi girma kuma mafi tsakiyar tsibirin shine Yamdena ; wasu sun hada da Selaru a kudu maso yamma na Yamdena, Larat da Fordata a arewa maso gabas, Maru da Molu a arewa, da Seira, Wuliaru, Selu, Wotap da Makasar zuwa yamma. Jumlar Indonesiya timur laut na nufin "gabashin teku" ko "arewa maso gabas".

Ana gudanar da Tsibirin Tanimbar a matsayin Tsibirin Tsibirin Tanimbar a kasar ( Indonesian ), tsarin mulki na Maluku . Yankin Regency ya mamaye yanki mai fadin 4,465.79 sq.km, kuma tana da yawan mutane 105,341 a kidayar shekara ta 2010; [1] sabon kiyasi na hukuma (daga watan Janairu shekara ta 2014) ya kasance 117,341. Babban gari da cibiyar gudanarwa suna Saumlaki .

Labarin kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gini a Tanimbar

Yanayi, tsibirin arewa maso gabas har yanzu suna cikin partananan Tsibirin Sunda . Tsibirin Aru da Tsibirin Kai suna kwance a arewa maso gabas, kuma tsibirin Babar da kuma Timor suna yamma da yamma. Tsibiran sun raba Tekun Banda da na Arafura . Jimlar tsibirin tsibirin 5440 ne km² (2100 sq mi).

Mafi girman ƙungiyar ita ce Yamdena . Tsibirin Yamdena yana da tsaunuka da ke dazuzzuka tare da gabar gabashinta, yayin da gabar yamma ta yi ƙasa. Saumlaki shine babban gari, wanda yake a ƙarshen kudu na Yamdena. Sauran tsibiran sun hada da Larat, Selaru, da kuma Wuliaru .

Yawan mutanen ya kasance 105, 341 a ƙidayar shekara ta 2010, wanda kusan kashi 94% kirista ne, da saura musulmin ko wanin su. Islanda nanan a cikin tsibirin na Tanimbarkei ba na Tanimbar ba ne, amma na Tsibirin Kai ne kuma mazaunan da ba su wuce 1000 ba na gargajiya sosai.

Tsibirin Tanimbar wani bangare ne na Tsubirin Tekun Banda wanda ke da danshi wanda ba shi da kyau .

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mutum-mutumin mutum-mutumi daga Tsibirin Tanimbar, Yammacin Kudu maso Gabashin Maluku

a cikin tarihin zamani, an ambaci tsibirin Tanimbar (kamar Tsibirin Aru ) a cikin karni na 16 na tsibirin Lázaro Luís a shekara ta(1563), Bartolomeu Velho (c. 1560), Sebastião Lopes a shekara ta (1565), a cikin taswirar shekara ta 1594 na Gabas Indies mai suna Insulce Molucoe na ɗan Dutch mai zane-zanen Petrus Plancius, kuma a cikin taswirar Nova Guinea ta shekara ta 1600 (bisa tushe na Portuguese). Tsibirin Tanimbar ya hango kuma mai yiwuwa masu binciken jirgi na Fotigal kamar su Martim Afonso de Melo Jusarte a wajajen shekara ta 1522 zuwa shekara ta 1525, wadanda suka zagaya tsibiran Aru (tare da bayanin "A nan ne Martin Afonso de Melo ya yi sanyi") da Tanimbar, kuma mai yiwuwa Gomes de Sequeira a 1526. [2]

Tsibirin Tanimbar ya kasance wani ɓangare na Dutch East Indies . A lokacin yakin duniya na biyu turawan Holan suna aika da wasu sojoji 13 karkashin jagorancin sajan KNIL Julius Tahija zuwa garin Saumlaki a Tsibirin Tanimbar a watan Yulin shekara ta 1942. Jiragen ruwan Japan sun shiga bakin ruwa a Saumlaki a ranar 30 ga watan Yuli kuma an yi amfani da ƙananan jiragen ruwa don zuwa jirgin. Jafananci sun gabatar da matsayi a cikin jirgin kuma suna son yin tafiya a cikin tsari cikin Saumlaki. Risonungiyar ta buɗe wuta a kusa da kusa da bindigogi masu haske. Jafananci sun koma jirginsu sun bar matattu da yawa a cikin jirgin. Samun saukar abokan gaba daga baya, duk da haka, an yi su a wani wuri yayin da jiragen ruwan Japan suka buɗe wuta a kan matsayin masu tsaron. An kashe shida daga cikin sojojin Holan kuma an kori waɗanda suka tsira cikin daji. A ranar 31 ga watan yuli, wani jirgin ruwa dauke da ayarin sojojin Ostiraliya ya isa jirgi a Saumlaki, ba tare da sanin cewa garin ya fada hannun Jafanawa ba. An harba jirgin daga bakin tekun, kuma an kashe kwamandan kungiyar da ke sauka. 'Yan Australia sun koma Darwin . Bayan haka, mambobin rundunar Holan sun shiga cikin ruwan bindiga daga Jafanawa; wannan ya haifar da wasu asara, kuma maharan da sojojin ƙafa na Jafananci suka biyo baya a kan gaba. Bakwai daga cikin mambobin rundunar suka shiga jirgin ruwa suka tsere zuwa kasar Ostiraliya.

Tattalin arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Muhimman kayayyaki sune copra, tortoiseshell, da trepang (kokwamba mai cin abinci). Kwanan nan, kamfanin man fetur da iskar gas na Japan, Inpex ya yi niyya don haɓaka aikin toshe Masela tare da biliyoyin tan na gas ɗin da aka samar. Kasashen waje zasu kasance a tsibirin Tanimbar. .

Fauna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Morelia nauta
  • Tanimbar corella
  • Tanimbar daji-warbler
  • Tanimbar megapode
  • Tanimbar tauraruwa
  • Mujiya da aka rufe ta Moluccan
  • Fawn-breasted tashin hankali
  • Blue-streaked lory
  • Bastilla mishanarii
  • Troides riedeli
  • Etiella chrysoporella

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Tsibirin Indonesiya
  • Kei-Tanimbar harsuna

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. Continent of Curiosities: A Journey Through Australian Natural History - Danielle Clode, Cambridge University Press, Page 26

Bayani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

7°30′00″S 131°30′00″E / 7.500°S 131.500°E / -7.500; 131.500Page Module:Coordinates/styles.css has no content.7°30′00″S 131°30′00″E / 7.500°S 131.500°E / -7.500; 131.500