Abu l-Hasan Ali I

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Abu l-Hasan Ali I
Bey of Tunis (en) Fassara

7 Satumba 1735 - 2 Satumba 1756
Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki (en) Fassara - Muhammad I ar-Rashid (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa El Kef (en) Fassara, 30 ga Yuni, 1688
ƙasa Beylik of Tunis (en) Fassara
Daular Usmaniyya
Mutuwa Le Bardo (en) Fassara, 22 Satumba 1756
Ƙabila Husainid Dynasty (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a ruler (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Abu l-Hasan Ali I ( Larabci: أبو الحسن علي باش‎  ; 30 Yuni 1688 - 22 Satumba 1756),[ana buƙatar hujja] wanda aka sani da Ali Pasha da kuma Ali Bey I, [1] ) shi ne shugaba kuma sarki na masarautar Husainid daular da mulkin Tunisia daga shekarar 1735 zuwa shekarar 1756.

Tarihin rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya kasance jika me ga Ali Turki gwamnan Kef, kuma dan wa ga Husayn I Bey . Bayan wannan ya hau mulki a shekarar 1705, an nada shi gwamnan Sousse sannan kuma aka nada shi magajin magaji (1706). A cikin 1724 ya sami taken pasha daga sarkin Ottoman.

Mulki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shekaru biyu bayan haka, Husayn ya maye gurbinsa da dansa Muhammad; Don haka Ali ya yi tawaye, tare da taimakon aljan, ya ci Husayn a 1735. Jim kadan bayan ƙofar a Tunis, duk da haka, da ya tilasta su biya wani babban indemnity zuwa Algeria sojojin suka kafa sansani a karkashin birnin ganuwar, amounting zuwa load na 35 alfadarai a azurfa, ya kuma yi alkawalin a kowace shekara haraji na 50,000 rials ga watan Dey.

Husayn ya gudu zuwa Kairouan kuma yayi ƙoƙarin ci gaba da mulki a Sousse da Sahel na Tunisiya . Ali ya umarci ɗansa Younes da ya kewaye shi. An kama Husayn kuma an kashe shi a cikin 1740, amma ɗayan na ƙarshen, Muhammad da Ali, sun gudu suka ci gaba da yaƙin basasa, ɗaya daga Constantine ɗayan kuma daga Algiers .

Fadain mulki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin 1741 Ali ya ci tsibirin Tabarka daga Jamhuriyar Genoa, yana mai da Kiristocin 1,500 zuwa Tunis. A cikin wannan shekarar ya aika da balaguron yaƙi da Faransa Cap Nègre, wanda ɗansa Younes ya kama.

Madrasa El Bachia

A shekarun baya Ali ya fuskanci tawaye biyu. Na farko shi ne wanda Younes da kansa ya jagoranta, wanda ya sami damar ƙwace Tunis, tare da sa ƙananan hukumomi su sanar da shi bey. Ali ya kewaye shi cikin kagara kuma ya tilasta shi ya gudu zuwa Algiers. Na biyun ya fito ne daga 'ya'yan Husayn, waɗanda suka sami damar samun taimako daga aljan na Algiers kuma suka mamaye Tunisia tare da rundunar da ke ƙarƙashin jagorancin deant of Constantine. Sojojin sun isa Tunis, wanda katangar Ali ya dawo da ƙarfafa tare da rami a halin yanzu. Koyaya, wannan bai hana 'yan Algeria shiga garin ba a ranar 31 ga watan Agusta 1756. An hambarar da Ali ne a ranar 2 ga Satumba kuma aka kawo shi cikin sarka zuwa Algiers, inda aka yi masa tsirara kuma aka shake shi bayan kwana ashirin daga wani bangare na magajinsa Muhammad I ar-Rashid .

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Muhammad al-Warghi

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Regnal titles
Magabata
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  1. Tunisia under the deys and the Husaynids in Abun-Nasr, Jamil M., ed. A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge University Press, 1987. p179