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Amazon

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Amazonia
yankin taswira
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Gagarumin taron 2019 Amazon rainforest wildfires (en) Fassara
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 3°06′00″S 60°00′59″W / 3.1°S 60.0164°W / -3.1; -60.0164

Amazon (Amazônia (Brazil Portuguese) ko Amazonia (Furtigal na Turai)) (kuma ana kiranta Floresta Amazônica, Selva Amazônica, Floresta Equatorial da Amazônia, Floresta Pluvial ko Hileia Amazônica) daji ne mai ɗanɗano mai ɗanɗano wanda ya mamaye yawancin Basin Amazon na Kudancin Amurka. Wannan tafkin ya kai murabba'in kilomita miliyan 7, wanda fadin murabba'in kilomita miliyan 5 da rabi yana da dazuzzuka masu zafi.

Kogin Amazon[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hoton tauraron dan adam na Kogin Amazon

Kogin Amazon babban kogi ne na Kudancin Amirka wanda ke tasowa a cikin tsaunin Andes, a cikin tafkin Lauri ko Lauricocha, a cikin Peru kuma yana gudana cikin Tekun Atlantika, kusa da tsibirin Marajó, a Brazil . Tare da hanyarsa, yana karɓar sunayen Tunguragua, Apurímac, Marañón, Ucayali, Amazonas (daga mahadar kogin Marañon da Ucayali, a cikin Peru ), Solimões da kuma Amazonas (daga mahadar kogin Solimões da Negro, a Brazil) . Da dadewa, an yi imanin cewa kogin Amazon shine kogi mafi girma a duniya kuma na biyu a tsayi,[1] amma bincike na baya-bayan nan kuma ya nuna shi a matsayin kogin mafi tsayi a duniya. [2] Shine kogin da ke da mafi girma a cikin ruwa mai ruwa a duniya, wanda ya wuce murabba'in kilomita miliyan 7, yawancin dazuzzuka masu zafi .

Halittar halittu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Macaw, ɗan asalin tsuntsu na wurare masu zafi na Amurka

Dazuzzukan dazuzzukan wurare masu zafi suna da nau'o'in halittu masu rai, kuma dazuzzukan dazuzzukan { asar Amirka sun fi na dazuzzukan Afrika da Asiya.[3] Tare da fadin dazuzzukan dazuzzuka mafi girma a cikin nahiyar Amurka, dazuzzukan Amazon suna da nau'ikan halittu marasa misaltuwa. Ɗaya daga cikin goma da aka sani a duniya suna zaune a cikin dajin Amazon. [4] Wannan ya ƙunshi mafi girma tarin tsire-tsire masu rai da nau'in dabbobi a duniya.

Yankin yana da kimanin nau'in kwari miliyan 2.5, dubunnan tsire-tsire, da tsuntsaye da dabbobi masu shayarwa kimanin 2,000 .[5] Ya zuwa yanzu, a kimiyance an rarraba aƙalla nau'ikan tsire-tsire 40,000, kifaye 3,000, tsuntsaye 1,294, dabbobi masu shayarwa 427, amphibians 428 da dabbobi masu rarrafe 378 a yankin. Ɗaya daga cikin biyar na dukan tsuntsaye a duniya suna zaune a cikin dazuzzuka na Amazon. Masana kimiyya sun bayyana tsakanin 96,660 zuwa 128,843 nau'in invertebrates a Brazil kadai.

Yanke dazuzzuka a cikin Amazon na barazana ga yawancin nau'in kwaɗin bishiyar, waɗanda ke da matukar damuwa ga canjin yanayi. A cikin hoton, Dendrobates leucomelas .

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. http://cienciaesaude.uol.com.br/ultnot/reuters/2007/06/01/ult4296u177.jhtm
  2. https://brasilescola.uol.com.br/brasil/rio-amazonas.htm
  3. Turner, I.M. 2001. The ecology of trees in the tropical rain forest. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-80183-4
  4. https://www.worldwildlife.org/biomes
  5. https://travel.mongabay.com/brazil/brazil_amazon_index.htm

Littafi Mai Tsarki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Ab'Saber, A. (2002). Bases para o estudo dos ecossistemas da Amazônia brasileira. Estudos Avançados 16(45): 7-30, [1].
  • Ab'Sáber, A. (2003). Domínios da natureza no Brasil: potencialidades paisagísticas. São paulo: Ateliê Edtorial, [2].
  • Ab'Sáber, A. (2004). Amazônia: do discurso à práxis. 2a ed. São Paulo: Edusp, [3]. (1a ed., 1996).
  • Barreto, G. (2006). Um dia na Amazônia. Literatura Infantil. Campanha da Fraternidade de 2007.
  • Hoorn, C., & Wesselingh, F. (Eds.). (2011). Amazonia, landscape and species evolution: a look into the past. John Wiley & Sons, [4].
  • Mesquita, T. (2005). Amazônia revelada: os descaminhos ao longo da BR-163 (filme). Brasília, CNPq. 90 min. son. color.
  • Murça Peres, J. (1984). "The Amazonian forest". In: Sioli, H. (ed.). The Amazon: limnology and landscape ecology of a mighty tropical river and its basin. pp. 581-602. Dordrecht, Holanda: Dr. W. Junk Publishers. link.
  • Pires, J. M. & Prance, G. T. (1985). The vegetation types of Brazilian Amazon. In: G. T. Prance & T. E. Lovejoy (ed.). Key Environment: Amazonia, p. 109-145. Pergamom Press, [5].
  • Torres, Maurício (org.) Amazônia revelada: os descaminhos ao longo da BR-163. Brasília: CNPq, 2005. Bibliografia. 496 p., fotografias. ISBN 85-86821-63-2
  • UFV (2006). Amazônia. Material da disciplina ENF448 - Recursos Naturais e Manejo de Ecossistemas. Viçosa: UFV, Departamento de Engenharia Florestal, [6][permanent dead link].

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]