Annobar COVID-19 a Botswana

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Infotaula d'esdevenimentAnnobar COVID-19 a Botswana
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 22°12′S 23°42′E / 22.2°S 23.7°E / -22.2; 23.7
Iri Annoba de Koronavirus 2019
Bangare na COVID-19 pandemic a Africa da COVID-19 pandemic by country and territory (en) Fassara
Kwanan watan kalanda 30 ga Maris, 2020 –
Wuri Botswana
Ƙasa Botswana
Adadin waɗanda suka rasu 2,801 (a data de 9 ga Maris, 2023)

Wannan labarin ya tattara tasirin cutar ta COVID-19 da ke gudana a Botswana.

Fage[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 12 ga Janairu, 2020, Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) ta tabbatar da cewa wani sabon labari na coronavirus ne ya haifar da cutar numfashi a cikin gungu na mutane a birnin Wuhan na lardin Hubei na kasar Sin, wanda aka ba da rahoto ga WHO a ranar 31 ga Disamba 2019.[1][2]

The hali fatality rabo ga COVID-19 ya kasance yawa ƙananan fiye da SARS na 2003,[3][4] amma baza ta kasance da muhimmanci mafi girma, tare da wani gagarumin total wadanda suka mutu.[5][3] Simulators na tushen samfur don Botswana suna nuna cewa tazarar amincewar kashi 95% na lambar haifuwa mai bambance-bambancen lokaci R t ya tsaya tsayin daka a kusa da 1.0 a cikin Satumba, Oktoba da Nuwamba 2020. [6]

Maris 2020[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 30 ga Maris, an tabbatar da kararraki uku na farko a kasar.[7] A ranar 25 ga Maris wata mace mai shekaru 78 da ake zargin tana da COVID-19 ta mutu a Ramotswa.[8] Bayan 'yan kwanaki bayan mutuwarta, sakamakon ya dawo mai kyau wanda ya zama shari'a ta hudu na COVID-19 a Botswana . A wani shirin kai tsaye da mataimakin shugaban gidan talabijin na BTV Slumber Tsogwane yayi, yace kungiyoyin binciken sun dauko wasu mutane 14 da suka yi mu'amala da wadanda suka mutu kuma an gudanar da gwaji a kansu. Ministan lafiya da lafiya na lokacin Dr. Lemogang Kwape ne ya sanar da sakamakon wadanda suka yi mu’amala da mamacin wanda shi ma ya bayyana mutum uku na farko. A karshen watan adadin wadanda suka mutu ya kai 1, adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kai 4 kuma akwai wasu lokuta uku masu aiki.

Afrilu 2020[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An yi sabbin gwaje-gwaje guda biyu na COVID-19 bayan mako guda kuma a ranar 19 ga Afrilu, 2020 Dr. Kwape ya sanar da cewa an samu sabbin masu dauke da cutar COVID-19 guda biyar, biyu daga cikinsu sun fito ne daga kasar Burtaniya kuma uku daga cikinsu ana yada su a cikin gida, lamarin da ya sanya ake yada cutar a cikin gida. lokuta a lokacin 6.

A ranar 22 ga Afrilu, an tabbatar da ƙarin kararraki biyu a yankin Metsimotlhabe - Molepolole, wanda ya kawo adadin adadin zuwa 22. An bayar da rahoton cewa duka sabbin kararrakin guda biyu suna yaduwa a cikin gida, wanda ya kara adadin wadanda ake yadawa a cikin gida zuwa 8 a lokacin.[9] A ranar 28 ga Afrilu an sami ƙarin shari'ar da ake yadawa a cikin gida.

A cewar ma'aikatar lafiya tuntuɓar tuntuɓar ya fara a Molepolole, Metsimotlhabe, Mahalapye, Bobonong da Siviya, waɗanda duk suna da cututtukan coronavirus. Ya zuwa ranar 1 ga Mayu, 2020, an yi gwaje-gwaje 7675, mambobin majalisar dokokin kasa da shugaban kasa da mataimakin shugaban kasa ba su da kyau.

A cikin jawabin da ya yi ta gidan talabijin, Shugaba Masisi ya tsawaita dokar hana fita na kasa da mako guda da karin makwanni biyu inda za a sassauta dokar ta-baci. A cewar shugaban dukkan majinyata 21 na COVID-19 ba su da lafiya kuma suna kan hanyarsu ta samun cikakkiyar lafiya. Ministan lafiya da jin dadi Dr. Lemogang Kwape ne ya sanar da sakamakon wadanda suka yi mu'amala da mamacin wanda shi ma ya sanar da mutum uku na farko da suka kamu da cutar, Kwape ya bayyana cewa an samu 7 daga cikin 14 da suka kamu da cutar wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar a haka. lokaci zuwa 13.[10]

A ranar 29 ga Afrilu, Botswana ta sami adadin murmurewa guda 5.[11]

Ya zuwa karshen watan Afrilu adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kai 23, wanda ya karu da 19 daga Maris. Adadin wadanda suka mutu bai canza ba. Akwai lokuta 17 masu aiki, 14 fiye da na ƙarshen Maris.[12]

Mayu 2020[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An sanar da ƙarin marasa lafiya uku da aka murmure a ranar 1 ga Mayu 2020.[13] A ranar Alhamis 7 ga Mayu 2020 Botswana ta yi rikodin ƙarin murmurewa COVID-19. A ranar Juma'a 8 ga Mayu, 2020 00:00 GMT + 2 Botswana wa'adin kwanaki 35 na kullewa ya ƙare, ƙarshen wannan lokacin shine farkon sauƙi na takunkumin COVID-19 da gwamnati ta sanya na tsawon makonni uku, tare da dawowar matakan aiki daga ranar 8 ga Mayu 2020 kuma ya ƙare a ranar 14 ga Mayu. A ranar Litinin 11 ga Mayu, 2020, Botswana ta sami ƙarin kara guda 1.[14] Ya zuwa ranar 12 ga Mayu 2020 an yi gwaje-gwaje 11,495. Sauran marasa lafiya biyar sun murmure, sun bar lokuta shida masu aiki.[15] Wani ƙarin majiyyaci ya gwada inganci akan 17 ga Mayu, yana haɓaka adadin masu aiki zuwa 7.[16] A ranar 21 ga Mayu an sanar da ƙarin ƙarin gwaje-gwaje masu inganci guda huɗu yayin da wasu biyu da suka kamu da cutar suka murmure, wanda ya kawo adadin masu aiki a wancan lokacin zuwa 9. Kwana guda daga baya a ranar Juma'a 22 ga Mayu 2020, Botswana ta rubuta shari'ar guda ɗaya wanda ya kawo adadin sabbin shari'o'in da aka bayar a cikin makon da ya fara Lahadi 17 ga Mayu zuwa shida. A ranar 24 ga Mayu an sami ƙarin kararraki biyar, wanda ya kai adadin zuwa 35 kuma adadin masu aiki zuwa 15.

A karshen watan Mayu adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kai 35, wanda ya karu da 12 daga Afrilu. Adadin wadanda suka mutu bai canza ba. Akwai lokuta 14 masu aiki, raguwa da 18% daga ƙarshen Afrilu.[17]

Yuni 2020[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 1 ga watan Yuni an samu karin kararraki uku da aka tabbatar, a ranar 2 ga watan Yuni kuma an tabbatar da kararraki biyu, a ranar 8 ga watan Yuni an samu karin kararraki guda biyu, sannan a ranar 10 ga watan Yuni an samu karin mutane shida. Daga farkon barkewar cutar zuwa 10 ga Yuni 48 marasa lafiya sun gwada inganci, 9 daga cikinsu sun kamu da cutar a cikin gida kuma 39 sun fito daga kasashen waje. 40 maza ne yayin da 8 mata ne.

Ya zuwa ranar 14 ga Yuni 2020 an yi jimillar gwaje-gwaje 24,800 da aka yi. [18]

A ranar 12 ga Yuni, 2020, an ba da rahoton sabbin maganganu 12 na COVID-19 daga yankin kullewa na "Greater Gaborone". Kwamitin shugaban kasa na COVID-19 na Botswana ya yanke shawarar sanya yankin cikin kulle-kulle a karo na biyu daga ranar Asabar 13 ga Yuni. Wannan yana nufin an sake rufe makarantu da sauran ayyukan da ba su da mahimmanci, babu motsi ba tare da izini ba kamar lokacin kullewar farko.[19] A ranar 15 ga watan Yuni ne Hukumar Task Force ta sanar da cewa za ta kawo karshen lokacin kulle-kullen daga ranar Talata 16 ga watan Yuni da karfe 00:00 na lokacin gida kamar yadda suka yi nasarar yin amfani da hanyar tuntuɓar juna don gano sanannun abokan hulɗa. Daga cikin mutane 16 da aka gwada, 10 sun gwada rashin lafiya, tare da 6 suna jiran sakamako. Wannan shawarar tana mayar da tafiye-tafiye ciki da waje na duk shiyyoyi tare da izinin tsaka-tsakin yanki da ake buƙata inda ya cancanta.[20]

A ranakun 13 da 14 ga watan Yuni an samu sabbin mutane 17+2 da aka tabbatar, wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar tun bayan bullar cutar zuwa 79. Adadin da aka bayar a ranar 13 ga watan Yuni shine mafi yawan adadin yau da kullun zuwa yanzu. A ranar 19 ga watan Yuni an samu karin mutane 10 da aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar, wanda ya kai adadin zuwa 89.

A ranar 24 ga watan Yuni 32 an tabbatar da karin kararraki, adadi mafi yawa a cikin kwana guda ya zuwa yanzu, wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda aka tabbatar zuwa 121. Yawancin mutane 92, sun amince a mayar da su gida domin samun kulawa a kasashensu. Majinyata 25 sun murmure a Botswana, mutum daya ya mutu, kuma har yanzu akwai kararraki uku.

A ranar 28 ga watan Yuni 54 an tabbatar da karin kararraki, adadin da aka bayar mafi yawa a cikin kwana guda ya zuwa yanzu, wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda aka tabbatar zuwa 175. An sami ƙarin ingantattun gwaje-gwaje guda 52 a ranar 30 ga Yuni, wanda ya haɓaka adadin waɗanda aka tabbatar zuwa 227. Yawancin wadannan mutane 181, sun amince a mayar da su kasashensu na asali. 28 na sauran marasa lafiya 46 sun murmure, daya ya mutu, kuma 17 sun kasance masu aiki (ƙara da 21% daga ƙarshen Mayu).[21]

Yuli 2020[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An samu sabbin kararraki 48 da aka tabbatar a ranar 3 ga Yuli, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar zuwa 275. Bayan kwana uku an sake samun kararraki 39, wanda ya kai adadin zuwa 314. Wannan ya tashi da 85 zuwa 399 a ranar 12 ga Yuli: mafi girman adadin adadin yau da kullun da aka tabbatar ya zuwa yanzu. An sami sabbin kararraki 123 a ranar 16 ga Yuli, mafi girman karuwar yau da kullun zuwa yanzu, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda aka tabbatar zuwa 522. Bayan kwana uku an sami karin gwaje-gwaje 70 masu inganci, wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda aka tabbatar zuwa 592. Bayan kwanaki hudu, a ranar 23 ga watan Yuli, an samu kararraki 89, wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar zuwa 681. An kuma tabbatar da karin kararraki 58 a ranar 27 ga watan Yuli, wanda adadin ya kai 739. A wannan rana adadin wadanda suka mutu ya ninka zuwa biyu.[22] Bayan kwana biyu adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu da 65 zuwa 804 (ciki har da wadanda aka fitar da su). Yawancin sabbin shari'o'i 577 a cikin watan an mayar da su zuwa ƙasashensu na asali (mutane 483). Daga cikin sabbin cututtukan guda 94, 35 sun murmure, wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda suka warke a Botswana zuwa 63. Akwai lokuta 75 masu aiki a ƙarshen wata (ƙara da 341% daga ƙarshen Yuni).[23]

A ranar 31 ga Yuli 00:00 GMT + 2 yankin Greater Gaborone ya shiga cikin kulle-kulle a karo na uku bayan barkewar COVID-19 a cikin gida. Ana sa ran kulle-kullen zai dauki tsawon makonni biyu.[24] Wannan ya biyo bayan karuwar masu kamuwa da cutar a cikin gida a Gaborone da kuma sauran wurare a cikin kasar, wanda ya haifar da sabbin maganganu 90 da aka sanar a ranar 31 ga Yuli.[25] Adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar sun kai 894.

Agusta 2020[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 6 ga Agusta wani likita da matarsa sun gwada inganci a Asibitin Bamalete Lutheran, yayin da mara lafiya a wannan asibitin ya mutu daga zargin COVID-19.[26] Washegari an gwada membobin kwamitin COVID-19 na Shugaban kasa don kamuwa da cutar coronavirus. Goma daga cikin gwaje-gwaje 46 da aka gudanar a cikin ma'aikatan sun kasance tabbatacce. Mambobin da aka gwada sun haɗa da Dr Kereng Masupu (mai gudanarwa) da Dr Mogomotsi Matshaba (mai ba da shawara kan kimiyya).[27] Farfesa Mosepele (mataimakin kodineta), wanda ya gwada rashin lafiyarsa, ya mika takardar murabus dinsa daga aikin rundunar amma daga baya ya janye.[28]

An sami sabbin kararraki 172 a ranar 7 ga Agusta, mafi yawan adadin cututtukan da aka sanar a cikin kwana guda ya zuwa yanzu. Bayan kwana uku an samu sabbin kararraki 148, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kamu zuwa 1214. An sanar da mutuwar mutane a ranar 13 ga watan Agusta, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda suka mutu zuwa uku.[29] A wannan rana an samu sabbin kararraki 94, wadanda 67 ‘yan kasar ne, 27 kuma ‘yan kasashen waje ne.[30] Adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu zuwa 1308.

A ranar 16 ga Agusta an sami sabbin kararraki 134, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda suka kamu zuwa 1442. Wannan ya karu zuwa 1562 a ranar 22 ga Agusta bayan an tabbatar da sabbin maganganu 120 ('yan gida 73 da 'yan kasashen waje 47).[31]

An samu sabbin kararraki 71 da mutuwar uku a ranar 24 ga watan Agusta, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar zuwa 1633 sannan adadin wadanda suka mutu ya kai 6. Mutuwar ukun da aka bayar a ranar 24 ga watan Agusta, jariri dan wata uku ne da mata biyu manya.

An sami sabbin kararraki 91 a ranar 28 ga Agusta, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda aka tabbatar zuwa 1724.

Satumba 2020[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 4 ga Satumba adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu da 278 zuwa 2002; karuwa mafi girma na yau da kullun zuwa yanzu. Adadin wadanda suka mutu ya karu zuwa 8. A ranakun 7 da 10 ga Satumba an sanar da wasu kararraki 124 da 126, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda aka tabbatar zuwa 2252. Adadin wadanda suka mutu ya karu zuwa 10.[32]

A ranar 14 ga Satumba an sami sabbin kararraki 211, wanda ya kai adadin wadanda aka tabbatar zuwa 2463. Adadin wadanda suka mutu ya kai 11. Kwanaki biyu bayan haka an samu karin kararraki 104, wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kai 2567. Adadin wadanda suka mutu ya kai 13.[33]

An sami sabbin kararraki 354 a ranar 24 ga Satumba, mafi yawan adadin wadanda aka ruwaito yau da kullun ya zuwa yanzu kuma ya kawo adadin wadanda aka tabbatar zuwa 2921. Adadin wadanda suka mutu ya kai 16.[34][35]

Bayan kwana uku, adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu da 251 zuwa 3172. Adadin wadanda suka mutu bai canza ba.[36]

Oktoba 2020[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ya zuwa ranar 4 ga Oktoba adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar ya karu zuwa 4400, inda 2250 suka ci gaba da aiki, 834 sun murmure kuma 1298 sun koma wasu kasashe.[37] Kashegari adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar ya karu da 120 zuwa 4520, daga cikinsu an tura 3 zuwa wasu kasashe kuma adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar ya karu zuwa 2367. Babu sabon farfadowa.

An ba da rahoton mutuwar COVID-19 guda biyu a ranar 6 ga Oktoba, wanda ya kawo adadin wadanda suka mutu zuwa 18.[38][39]

A ranar 11 ga Oktoba adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu zuwa 4833 yayin da adadin wadanda suka mutu ya kai 20. Daga cikin shari'o'in 4833, 2642 sun ci gaba da aiki, 853 sun murmure kuma an tura marasa lafiya 1318 zuwa wasu ƙasashe.

A ranar 15 ga Oktoba adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu zuwa 5242, daga cikinsu 905 sun murmure, 2989 sun ci gaba da aiki kuma an tura marasa lafiya 1328 zuwa wasu kasashe. Adadin wadanda suka mutu bai canza ba.[40]

A ranar 19 ga Oktoba adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu zuwa 5609, daga cikinsu 915 sun murmure, 3338 sun ci gaba da aiki kuma an tura marasa lafiya 1335 zuwa wasu kasashe. Adadin wadanda suka mutu ya karu zuwa 21.[41]

A ranar 19 ga Oktoba adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu zuwa 5923, daga cikinsu 927 sun murmure, 3630 sun ci gaba da aiki kuma an tura marasa lafiya 1345 zuwa wasu kasashe. Adadin wadanda suka mutu bai canza ba.[42]

A ranar 25 ga Oktoba adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu zuwa 6283 wanda 1353 daga cikinsu an tura su zuwa wasu kasashe. Adadin wadanda suka mutu bai canza ba. Bayan kwana hudu adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun karu zuwa 6642 wanda 1357 daga cikinsu aka tura zuwa wasu kasashe. Adadin wadanda suka mutu ya karu zuwa 24.[43]

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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