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Antarah ibn Shaddad

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Antarah ibn Shaddad
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Najd (en) Fassara, 525
Mutuwa Ḥaʼil Province (en) Fassara, 608
Yanayin mutuwa kisan kai
Ƴan uwa
Ahali Shayboub ibn zabiba (en) Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Sana'a
Sana'a maiwaƙe da marubuci
zannen antarah ibn shaddad

ANTARAH IBN SHADDAD AL-ABSYAfarkon rayuwarshi anfi kiranshi da "Antarah bin Zhabibah" Amman daga karshen rayuwarshi ya shahara da "Antarah bin Shaddad" ( Larabci: عنترة بن شداد العبسي‎ , Labarin AntaAntrah ibn Shadād al-ʿAbsī ; AD 525–608), , ya kasance daya daga cikin shararrun labaran soyayya masu cike da al'ajabi dasuka faru ayankin larabawa bayan Labarin Lailah Majnoon Antarah yakasance dane ga wata baiwa me suna Zhabibah yatashi cikin tsangwama da tsana daga kabilar Absi sakamakon kasancewar mahaifiyarshi bakar fata daga Afrika kuma Baiwa sakamakon tsanar da akemishi hartakai Mahaifinshi Shaddad bayason andaganta Antarah dashi saboda tsabar nunu wariyar launi.Bayan gwagwarmaya dayasha Akan soyayyar Wata yar yayan Mahaifinshi Ablah bint Malek Antarah yakasance jarumi,kuma fitaccen mawaƙin Larabawa kafin Jahiliyya, ya shahara ga duka waƙoƙinsa da rayuwarsa mai jan hankali. Babban waƙarsa tana cikin jerin Mu'allaƙāt, tarin '' ƙamshi mai rataye '' bakwai da aka ce an dakatar da su a cikin Ka'aba . Antarah yafara soyayyar Ablah tun yana matashi kaskantacce acikin kabilarsu Ablah Bani Absi mahaifiyarshi kanta bata goyi bayan wannan soyayya ba saboda tasan Bani Absi bazasu taba bada Auren kyakkywar mace irin Ablah ga Bakin Bawa ba, Amman ahaka Antarah yayita Neman haryar dazai gabatar da soyayyarshi ga Ablah bint Malek Amman yanajin shakkar cin mutunchin dazai fuskanta daga iyayenta. Kwatsam! Wata rana aka kawo farmaki akan kabilar Bani Absi gashi kuma Babban Ablah Malek da wasu mayakan kabilar duk basanan,Awannan rana ne jarumtar Antarah tafito fili saboda yanda yayi yaki da jarumta kuma yakwato masu matan Bani Absi da akafara kamawa amatsayin ribatattun yaki ciki kuwa hada Ablah Bint Malek,bayan Baban Ablah yadawo sukaji labarin jarumatar da Antarah yayi hakan tasa aka karramashi akamishi kyaututtuka nagirma kuma akafara dangantashi da Mahaifinshi wartou Antarah Ibn Shaddad daga wannan lokaci kuma yasamu damar nuna soyayyarshi ga Ablah afili kodayake duk dahaka Mahaifinta bayason yabada Aurenta ga Antarah,Malek yafison yabawa wani Baban attajiri Dan Kabilar Bani Absi. Lissafin rayuwarsa ya zama tushen dogon soyayya da saida rai tare da juriya a Soyayya.

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Antarah da Abla an nuna su akan tsarin zanen zanen Masar na ƙarni na 19
Hoton kwanan nan na abin da aka ce sanannen dutsen ne inda Antarah ya saba haduwa da Abla. An yi shi a al Jiwa, Saudi Arabia

An haifi Antrah a Najd a ƙasar Larabawa . Mahaifinsa shi ne Shaddād al-īAbī, jarumin Banu Abs da ake girmamawa a ƙarƙashin babbansu Zuhayr. [1] Mahaifiyarsa 'yar Habasha ce mai suna Zabeebah. [2] Ita gimbiya ce babansa ya kwace a matsayin bayi yayin wani hari na kabilar akan Axum . [1] An bayyana shi a matsayin " kukar Larabawa" (al-aghribah al-'Arab ) saboda launin [1] ntaAntarah ta girma kuma bawa. Ya kamu da son yar uwansa Abalata, amma ba zai iya fatan aurenta ba saboda matsayinsa. [1] Hakanan ya sami ƙiyayya da matar mahaifinsa Shammeah. [1]

Ya sami kulawa da girmamawa ga kansa ta kyawawan halayensa na sirri da ƙarfin hali a fagen fama, ya yi fice a matsayin ƙwararren mawaƙi kuma babban jarumi. Ya sami 'yanci bayan da wata kabila ta mamaye ƙasashen Banu ʿAbs. Lokacin da mahaifinsa ya ce masa, ʿAntarah, ku yi yaƙi da mayaƙan " Mahaifinsa ya amsa masa da cewa: "Ka kare ƙabilarka, ya ntarAntar, kuma kana da 'yanci". Bayan ya kayar da maharan, ya nemi neman izinin auren dan uwansa . Don samun damar yin aure, Antarah ta fuskanci ƙalubale da suka haɗa da samun wani irin raƙumi daga masarautar Lakhmids ta arewacin Larabawa, sannan a ƙarƙashin Al-Nu'man III ibn al-Mundhir . Antarah ta shiga cikin babban yaƙin tsakanin ƙabilun bin Abs da Dhubyān, [2] wanda ya faro akan gasar dawakai, kuma aka sanya masa sunan yaƙin Dāhis da Ghabrā.

Lokaci da yanayin mutuwarsa lamari ne na jayayya. Ibn Doreid ya sa Wasr-ben-Jaber ya kashe shi [1] ko a yaƙin da Tai, [2] yayin da a cewar Abu Obeida ya mutu mutuwa yanada shekara70-72 [1]

'Antarah ta shayari aka kyau kiyaye kuma sau da yawa ambatar chivalrous dabi'u, ƙarfin hali, kuma heroism a yaƙi, kazalika da da soyayya ga'Abla. Ba ta mutu ba lokacin da aka saka ɗaya daga cikin waƙoƙinsa a cikin Mu'allaƙat, tarin waƙoƙin almara da aka ce an dakatar da su a cikin Ka'aba . [1] Mahimmancin waƙoƙinsa na tarihi da al'adu ya samo asali daga cikakken bayanin yaƙe -yaƙe, makamai, makamai, dawakai, hamada, da sauran jigogi daga zamaninsa.

Zane akan gilashin Antara ibn Shaddad

Labarin Antar da Abla sun shiga cikin tarihin waƙoƙin gargajiya wanda ake yiwa al-Asmaʿi, mawaƙi a kotun Hārūn al-Rashīd . [1] Har yanzu ana karanta ta masu ba da labari na gargajiya a cikin gidajen kofi na Larabawa. Da muhimmancin da aka kwatanta da Turanci adabi 's Arthurian romances . [1] Gidansa da bargarsa almara ce ta musamman. [1] Daya daga cikin dangi bakwai na Baitalami ana kiranta Anatreh, mai suna bayan ʿAntarah. A baya ya yi aiki a matsayin masu kula da Cocin Nativity .

Mawaƙan Rasha Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov ya rubuta Symphony Na 2 dangane da labarin ʿAntar. A cikin 1898 mai zanen Faransanci Étienne Dinet ya buga [2] fassarar sa waƙar almara ta ƙarni na 13 Antar, wanda ya kawo Antar bin Shaddad ga sanarwar Turai. [2] An bi shi da wasu abubuwan da aka samo asali kamar Diana Richmond's Antar da Abla wanda ya haɓaka bayyanar yamma ga almara Antar bin Shaddad. "Antar" shine taken wasan opera na Falasdinu na farko, wanda mawaƙin Falasdinawa Mustapha al-Kurd ya shirya a 1988.

Mai zanen Labanon Rafic Charaf ya haɓaka daga 1960s jerin zane -zanen da ke nuna almara na Antar da Abla. Waɗannan ayyukan da ke nuna sha’awarsa a cikin sanannen labarin yankin ana ɗaukarsu ginshiƙi ne a cikin aikin mawakin.

An buga wakokin Antara a cikin Wilhelm Ahlwardt 's Divans na tsoffin mawaƙan Larabci guda shida (London, 1870); an kuma buga su daban a Beirût (1888). Dangane da sahihancin su, cf. W. Ahlwardt's Bemerkungen über die Aechtheit der alten arabischen Gedichte (Greifswald, 1872), shafi. 50f ku. Soyayyar Antar (Sīrat 'Antar ibn Shadād) aiki ne wanda al'adar baka ta daɗe tana ba da ita; ya yi girma sosai kuma an buga shi a cikin juzu'i 32. a Alkahira (1889), kuma a cikin vol 10. a Beirût, 1871. Terrick Hamilton ya fassara shi a ƙarƙashin taken ' Antar, Romance Bedoueen (4 vols, London, 1820). [2] Bugu da kari, an fassara Sīrat 'Antar zuwa Turanci ta hanyar Fatih Sultan Mehmed a cikin 1477 AD. Ba a san mai fassarar fassarar ta Turkiya cikin mujalladi uku ba. Kwafin rubutun na fassarar Turkiya da aka fi sani da " Qıssa-i 'Antar " suna nan a cikin Dakin adana kayan tarihi na fadar Topkapı.

  • Adabin larabci & adabin soyayya
  • Banu Abs
  • Thornycroft Antar - Tractor bututu na Burtaniya mai suna bayan ƙarfinsa da juriyarsa 
  1. Lewis 1992.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Pouillon, Francois (1997), Les deux vies d'Étienne Dinet, peintre en Islam: L'Algerie et l'heritage colonial, Paris: Editions Balland.