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Antonino Zecchini

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Antonino Zecchini
Apostolic Nuncio to Latvia (en) Fassara

9 Nuwamba, 1928 -
apostolic administrator (en) Fassara

1 Nuwamba, 1924 - 11 Mayu 1931
Dioceses: Apostolic Administration of Estonia (en) Fassara
Catholic archbishop (en) Fassara

21 Disamba 1922 -
titular archbishop (en) Fassara

20 Oktoba 1922 -
Dioceses: Myra (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Italiya, 7 Disamba 1864
ƙasa Kingdom of Italy (en) Fassara
Mutuwa Riga, 17 ga Maris, 1935
Makwanci Riga
Sana'a
Sana'a Malamin akida da Catholic priest (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Cocin katolika
Dokar addini Society of Jesus (en) Fassara

Antonino Zecchini (7 Disamba 1864 - 17 Maris 1935) ya kasance prelate na Italiya na Cocin Katolika wanda ya yi aiki a cikin ƙasashen Baltic daga 1921 zuwa 1935 a matsayin diflomasiyya da mai kula da Cocin; ya zama babban bishop a 1922. Ya ba da rabin farko na aikinsa daga 1892 zuwa 1920 ga aikin fastoci, wa'azi da ilimi a yankunan Italiya da Slovenia na Daular Austro-Hungary.

Horarwa da hidima a Daular Austro-Hungary

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An haifi Antonino Zecchini a ranar 7 ga Disamba 1864 a Visco, wani gari a yanzu a Lardin Udine, Italiya, sannan wani ɓangare na Daular Austriya. Ya yi karatu a Gorizia . Ya shiga Jesuits kuma ya yi karatu a makarantun su a Faransa da Spain. Ya rubuta cewa yana fatan yin aiki a ƙasashen mishan, musamman "gabar tekun Austriya saboda ina son yarukan Friulian, Italiyanci, Jamusanci da Slovenian". Daga 1883 zuwa 1886 ya yi karatun falsafar a Portorè; daga 1887 zuwa 1890 ya koyar da Latin da Girkanci a makarantar sakandare ta Jesuit a Zadar . [1]

An naɗa shi firist a shekara ta 1892 kuma a shekara ta 1897 ya tafi Soresina, yanzu a Lardin Cremona na Italiya, don nazarin tauhidin. Daga 1898 zuwa 1921 ya yi aikin fastoci a ciki da kewayen Gorizia yayin da yake koyar da harsuna da dokar canon. A lokacin Yaƙin Duniya na farko, yana kula da ayyukan 'yan gudun hijira da marasa lafiya a Trieste . [1]

diflomasiyya da gudanarwa a cikin ƙasashen Baltic

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A cikin shekarar 1921, Mai Tsarki See ya aiko shi a matsayin Baƙo na Manzo don tantance halin da Katolika ke ciki a cikin sabbin kasashe uku masu zaman kansu na Baltic. [1][lower-alpha 1] A ranar 25 ga Oktoba 1922, Paparoma Pius XI ya nada shi Babban bishop na Myra da Wakilin Manzanni zuwa Latvia, Lithuania, da Estonia. Ya karbi tsarkakewarsa a matsayin bishop a ranar 21 ga Disamba 1922 daga Kadanal Andreas Frühwirth .  [ana buƙatar hujja]A cikin shekaru 15 masu zuwa, aikinsa ya ɗauki siffar daban-daban a kowane ɗayan waɗannan ƙasashe.

Lithuania

Daga cikin kasashe uku na Baltic, Lithuania tana da mafi yawan Katolika kuma Zecchini ya zaɓi ya zauna a Kaunas da farko amma dangantakarsa da gwamnati koyaushe tana da rikici kuma ya bar cikin shekara guda. A cikin rikice-rikicen da ke gudana tsakanin Lithuania da Poland, Mai Tsarki ya sami mafi mahimmanci don haɓaka kyakkyawar dangantaka da Poland, wanda ya haifar da ƙiyayya a Lithuania kuma ya sa matsayin Zecchini ba zai yiwu ba.[lower-alpha 2] Bayan shekaru ba tare da ci gaba mai ma'ana ba wajen gina dangantaka da gwamnatocin Lithuania masu zuwa, [3] Lorenzo Schioppa ya maye gurbinsa a matsayin Wakilin Lithuania a ranar 10 ga Maris 1927.

Estonia

[4] [4] Estonia tana da ƙananan Katolika. A ranar 1 ga Nuwamba 1924, Paparoma Pius XI ya nada Zecchini Apostolic Administrator of Estonia, sabon ikon Ikklisiya da aka kirkira a wannan rana ta hanyar karbar yankin daga Diocese na Riga a Latvia. Ya kunshi majami'u huɗu kawai. Zecchini ya fara tattaunawa game da yarjejeniya tsakanin Mai Tsarki da Estonia.[5] A ranar 11 ga Mayu 1931, Eduard Profittlich, wani Jesuit ne ya gaje shi a matsayin Mai Gudanarwa.[1] Zecchini ya yi murabus a matsayin Wakilin Manzanni a Estonia a ranar 22 ga Oktoba 1933.

Latvia

Zecchini ya zauna a Riga, Latvia, bayan ya kimanta halin da ake ciki a Lithuania.[1] Shi ne babban jami'in Cocin da ke aiki a kan yarjejeniyar da Latvia da Mai Tsarki suka sanya hannu a ranar 30 ga Mayu 1922.[4] Ya ci gaba da gina dangantakar Mai Tsarki da gwamnatin Latvia. Ba tare da kalubalen da aka gabatar a Lithuania ta hanyar ikirarin Poland ba, Vatican na iya yin alama ta goyon baya, alal misali, ta hanyar ɗaga matsayin Diocese na Riga zuwa Archdiocese a ranar 25 ga Oktoba 1923. A ranar 14 ga Afrilu 1926, Paparoma Pius ya ba shi suna Apostolic Internuncio zuwa Latvia.

Zecchini ya mutu a Riga a ranar 17 ga Maris 1935 yana da shekaru 70. [1]

  1. When he was named Apostolic Delegate in 1922, his previous title was "Apostolic Visitor to the Baltic Countries".[2]
  2. The Vatican appointed a Polish auxiliary bishop for Vilnius, Kazimierz Mikolaj Michalkiewicz, on 12 January 1923 when control of that city was disputed but under Polish occupation.[1]

Bayanan da aka ambata

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Tassin, Ferruccio. "Zecchini, Antonino". Dizionario Biografico dei Friulani (in Italiyanci). Retrieved 7 August 2019. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "diz" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named aas1922
  3. Pease, Neal (2012). "Review of Perna Relazioni tra Santa Sede e Repubbliche baltiche". The Catholic Historical Review. 98 (2): 392–93. JSTOR 23240182.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Salo, Vello (2002). "The Catholic Church in Estonia, 1918-2001". The Catholic Historical Review. 88 (2): 281–92, esp. 283. JSTOR 25026147. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "salo" defined multiple times with different content
  5. Salo, Vello (2002). "The Catholic Church in Estonia, 1918-2001". The Catholic Historical Review. 88 (2): 281–92, esp. 283. JSTOR 25026147.
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