Apollo and Daphne (Bernini)

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Wikidata.svgApollo and Daphne (Bernini)
sculpture (en) Fassara
Apollo and Daphne (Bernini).jpg
Bayanai
Farawa 2021 da 2020
Suna a harshen gida Apolla a dafne
Movement (en) Fassara Baroque (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Italiya
Title (en) Fassara Apolla a dafne
Genre (en) Fassara sculptural group (en) Fassara
Maƙirƙiri Gian Lorenzo Bernini (en) Fassara
Commissioned by (en) Fassara Scipione Borghese (en) Fassara
Catalog code (en) Fassara 5.4
Kayan haɗi Carrara marble (en) Fassara
Depicts (en) Fassara Apollo and Daphne (en) Fassara
Collection (en) Fassara Borghese Collection (en) Fassara da Galleria Borghese (en) Fassara
Inventory number (en) Fassara CV
Time period (en) Fassara Baroque (en) Fassara
Wuri
 41°54′50″N 12°29′31″E / 41.9139°N 12.4919°E / 41.9139; 12.4919
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaItaliya
Region of Italy (en) FassaraLazio (en) Fassara
Metropolitan city of Italy (en) FassaraMetropolitan City of Rome (en) Fassara
Comune of Italy (en) FassaraRoma Capitale (en) Fassara
BirniRoma

Apollo da Daphne wani babban zane ne na Baroque wanda mai zane-zanen Gian Lorenzo Bernini, wanda aka zartar tsakanin 1622 da 1625. A cikin Galleria Borghese da ke Rome, aikin yana nuna ƙarshen labarin Apollo da Daphne ( Phoebus da Daphne ) a cikin Ovid 's Metamorphoses .

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayanin sassaka

Siffar ta kasance ta ƙarshe daga ayyukan zane-zane da Cardinal Scipione Borghese ya ba da izini, tun farkon aikin Bernini. An ba Apollo da Daphne izini bayan Borghese ya ba da aikin farko na taimakonsa, Bernini's (The Rape of Proserpina), zuwa (Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi) . [1]

Yawancin ayyukan farko an yi su ne a 1622-23, amma ɗan hutu, mai yuwuwa don yin aiki a kan sassaka gumakan Bernini na <i id="mwIA">Dauda</i>, ya katse aikinsa, kuma Bernini bai gama aikin ba sai 1625. Lallai, ba a sassaka sassaka sashin kansa zuwa Villa Borghese na Kadinal har sai Satumba 1625. [2] Bernini bai aiwatar da sassakawar da kansa ba; yana da gagarumar taimako daga memba na bita, Giuliano Finelli, wanda ya dauki nauyin zane-zanen bayanan da ke nuna musanyawar Daphne daga mutum zuwa itace, kamar su bawo da rassa, da kuma gashinta mai iska. [3] Wasu masana tarihi, duk da haka, sun rage mahimmancin gudummawar Finelli. [4]

Duk da yake ana iya yin godiya da sassaka daga kusurwa da yawa, Bernini ya shirya don a kalle shi kaɗan daga dama saboda ana iya ganin aikin daga ƙofar inda yake. Kallon sassaka daga wannan kusurwa ya bawa mai kallo damar ganin halayen Apollo da Daphne a lokaci guda, saboda haka fahimtar labarin labarin a lokaci ɗaya, ba tare da buƙatar matsawa wuri ba. [5] Koyaya, daga baya an sassaka sassakawar zuwa tsakiyar ɗakin.

Iconography[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin da Phoebus (Apollo), wanda kidan mai farin ciki na Cupid, ya ga Daphne, 'yar budurwa Peneus, allahn kogi, sai ya cika da mamakin kyawunta kuma sha'awar ta cinye shi. Amma Daphne ta kasance mai cin nasara da kibiyar mai hana soyayya ta Cupid kuma ta musanta kaunar mutane. Yayin da Nymph ta gudu haka yake bi da ita babu gaira babu dalili — yin alfahari, roko, da kuma alkawarin komai. Lokacin da ƙarshen ƙarfinta ya ƙare sai ta yi addu'a ga mahaifinta Peneus:

Duk da haka Phoebus bai rasa sha'awar Daphne ba:

Maraba mai mahimmanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yabon Apollo da Daphne ya ci gaba duk da raguwar mutuncin Bernini bayan mutuwarsa. Wani matafiyi dan kasar Faransa a cikin 1839 yayi sharhi cewa kungiyar tana "mamakin fasahar fasaha da kuma karin bayani, tana cike da kayatarwa a cikin taron da kuma bayanan." [6] Wata mujallar adabi ta karni na 19 ta ɗauka shi kaɗai aikin Bernini wanda ya cancanci yabo na dindindin. [7] Sauran ba su da tabbas. Wani marubucin balaguro dan Ingilishi a 1829 ya lura da fasahar fasaha ta Bernini amma ya kara da cewa sassaka "tana dauke da duk wata bukata ta hukunci, dandano, da ilimin wancan zamanin", yana ci gaba da sukar bayyanar Apollo saboda ya zama kamar makiyayi kuma bai isa kamar wani allah. [8]

Oriwararrun masana tarihi na kwanan nan sun fi kyau. Robert Torsten Petersson ya kira shi "babban gwanin ban mamaki ... ya wadatar da kuzarin da ke aiki daga dabarun laurel da na Apollo da na drapery." [9]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

 

  1. Hibbard 1990, p. 38.
  2. Wittkower 1955, p. 240.
  3. Mormando 2011, p. 45.
  4. Fenton 2000, p. 94.
  5. Hibbard 1990, p. 40.
  6. Valery 1839, p. 596.
  7. Campbell 1830, p. 99.
  8. New Monthly Magazine 1829, p. 276.
  9. Petersson 2002, p. 80.