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Cibiyar Kare Haƙƙin Bil'adama da Ci gaban Afirka

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Cibiyar Kare Haƙƙin Bil'adama da Ci gaban Afirka
Bayanai
Iri non-governmental organization (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Gambiya
ihrda.org

Cibiyar kare haƙƙin bil'adama da ci gaban Afirka ( IHRDA ) kungiya ce mai zaman kanta ta Afirka wadda aikinta na farko shine samar da pro bono lauya ga waɗanda aka keta hakki . A cikin hurumin shari'arta, IHRDA tana wakiltar wadanda aka zalunta da take haƙƙin ɗan adam a shari'o'in da ke gaban kotunan ƙasa da kuma shari'o'in kare hakkin bil'adama na yankin Afirka.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An kafa Cibiyar Kare Haƙƙoƙin Ɗan Adam da Ci Gaba a Afirka a cikin shekara ta 1998 a Banjul, Gambia, ta lauyoyin kare haƙƙin ɗan Adam guda biyu, Julia Harrington da Alpha Fall, waɗanda suka yi aiki a Sakatariyar Hukumar Hakkokin Dan Adam da Jama'ar Afirka.[1]

Hukuncin IHRDA shi ne ƙara inganci da samun damar hanyoyin kare haƙƙin bil'adama na ƙungiyar Tarayyar Afirka, tun da babban ƙalubalen da ke damun tasiri na tsarin kare haƙƙin bil'adama na Afirka shi ne rashin wayar da kan jama'a game da hanyoyinsa. IHRDA ta dauki nauyin inganta mutunta haƙƙin dan Adam a nahiyar ta hanyar ƙarfafa hukumomin kare hakkin bil adama a Afirka, tabbatar da bin ka'idojin da ake da su da kuma sanya tsarin ya zama mai isa ga waɗanda ke fama da take haƙƙin to bil adama da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki na ƙungiyoyin fararen hula.

A ranar 11 ga Fabrairun shekara ta, 2008, IHRDA ta yi bikin shekaru goma na tsayawa tsayin daka kan kare haƙƙin bil'adama a Afirka. A duk tsawon shekara, an kuma yi wa duk littattafan IHRDA alama da tuta ta musamman na cika shekaru goma.

Aiki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Don cimma aikinta, IHRDA tana amfani da ƙwarewarta ta musamman wajen aiwatar da dokar haƙƙin ɗan adam ta Afirka saboda wasu dalilai kamar haka:

  • Horar da ƙungiyoyin masu zaman kansu da sauran masu fafutukar kare haƙƙin ɗan Adam da ma'aikata kan yadda za su gudanar da bincike, shirya da gabatar da shari'o'in take Haƙƙin bil-Adama a gaban ƙungiyoyin kare haƙƙin bil'adama na Afirka;
  • Horar da ƴan wasan Jihohin da ke da hannu wajen ƙarewa da haɓaka haƙƙin ɗan adam a Afirka;
  • Yi aiki a matsayin mai ba da shawara ga ɗaiɗaikun mutane da ƙungiyoyin sa-kai waɗanda ke ƙara da ƙararrakinsu ga ƙungiyoyin Jihohi a gaban ƙungiyoyin kare haƙƙin ɗan adam na Afirka;
  • Bincike wuraren da ke tasowa na dokokin haƙƙin ɗan adam da ci gaba a Afirka don bugawa da yadawa;
  • Haɗin kai tare da sauran ƙungiyoyin kare haƙƙin ɗan adam da ƙungiyoyin yarjejeniyar haƙƙin ɗan adam na Afirka don haɓakawa da kare haƙƙin ɗan adam a Afirka;
  • Ba da shawarar yin garambawul a fannin shari'a a fagen haƙƙin ɗan adam a matakin ƙasa da nahiya a Afirka.

Shari'a da aikin doka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

IHRDA tana aiki tare da ƴan wasan cikin gida a ƙasashe daban-daban ta hanyar haɓaka iyawa da gina shari'a, kuma tana ba da shawarar shari'a ga waɗanda aka keta haƙƙin ɗan adam. Ta hanyar ƙaddamar da shari'o'i a madadin waɗanda aka keta haƙƙin ɗan adam, IHRDA na da niyyar haɓaka aikace-aikace da aiwatar da ka'idodin haƙƙin ɗan adam na Afirka don kawo ingantattun magunguna ga waɗanda abin ya shafa.

IHRDA tana mai da hankali kan kare haƙƙin mata da yara, ƴancin yin shari'a na gaskiya, 'ƴancin rayuwa, ƴancin faɗin albarkacin baki, ƴancin ƴan gudun hijira da baƙin haure, ƴanci daga wariya da azabtarwa, da kuma haƙƙoƙin zamantakewa da tattalin arziki da rikon kwarya. adalci. Koyaya, IHRDA na ci gaba da mai da hankali kan batutuwa daban-daban da suka shafi nahiyar Afirka.

Yaɗa bayanai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

IHRDA tana gudanar da Nazarin Shari'ar Haƙƙin Dan Adam na Afirka (CLA), wanda shine farkon kuma mafi cikakken tarin dokoki da yanke shawara daga ƙungiyoyin kare haƙƙin ɗan adam na yanki da na yanki na Afirka a cikin yaruka uku (Ingilishi, Faransanci da Fotigal. ).

A cikin shekara ta 2016, IHRDA ta ƙaddamar da bayanan yanar gizo na albarkatun shari'a (dokoki da hukunce-hukuncen kotu a cikin Ingilishi da Faransanci) masu alaƙa da cin zarafi da jima'i a cikin ƙasashen Afirka; a halin yanzu ya shafi ƙasashe biyar. Ana ci gaba da ƙoƙarin faɗaɗa ma'ajin bayanai domin ya shafi wasu ƙasashe.[2]

Hukumar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kwamitin Daraktoci ne ke da alhakin haɓaka manufofi da gudanar da IHRDA gabaɗaya. Ana nada mambobin kwamitin ne bisa kwarewarsu da gogewarsu kan dokokin kare hakkin dan Adam na kasa da kasa da kuma sha'awarsu ga 'yancin dan Adam da ci gaban Afirka.[3]

Abokan hulɗa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

IHRDA tana aiki tare da ƙungiyoyi daban-daban masu aiki a ƙasashen Afirka daban-daban kuma suna shiga cikin kariya da haɓaka haƙƙin ɗan adam ta hanyar Tsarin Haƙƙin Dan Adam na Afirka. Tare, suna da nufin horar da masu kare haƙƙin ɗan adam a cikin hanyoyin korafe-korafe na Tsarin Haƙƙin Dan Adam na Afirka, ayyana shari'o'i da wakiltar abokan ciniki a cikin dabarun kare haƙƙin ɗan adam.[4]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights". www.achpr.org. Retrieved 2019-06-05.
  2. "IHRDA Case Law Analyser". caselaw.ihrda.org. Retrieved 2019-06-05.
  3. "Sexual and Gender-based Violence". sgbv.ihrda.org. Retrieved 2019-06-05.
  4. "Partners – IHRDA".

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]