Dance (Rawa)

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Wikidata.svgrawa
performing arts genre (en) Fassara
Two dancers.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na Yin zane-zane, physical activity (en) Fassara da creative work (en) Fassara
Karatun ta dance studies (en) Fassara
Nada jerin list of dances (en) Fassara
Gudanarwan mai rawa da répétiteur (en) Fassara
Amfani wajen dancing (en) Fassara
Tarihin maudu'i Dance in mythology and religion (en) Fassara
A man and woman, mid-leap
Masu rawa na zamani guda biyu

Rawa wani nau'in fasaha ne na wasan kwaikwayo wanda ya ƙunshi jerin motsi, ko dai an inganta shi ko kuma da gangan aka zaɓa. Wannan motsi yana da kyan gani kuma sau da yawa yana da ƙimar alama. Ana iya rarraba raye-raye da siffanta ta ta hanyar wasan kwaikwayo, ta hanyar wasan kwaikwayo na motsi, ko ta tarihin tarihinta ko wurin da aka samo asali.

Bambanci mai mahimmanci shine a zana tsakanin mahallin wasan kwaikwayo da raye-raye, ko da yake waɗannan nau'ikan biyu ba koyaushe ba ne gaba ɗaya; duka biyun suna iya samun ayyuka na musamman, na zamantakewa, na shagulgula, gasa, batsa, faɗa, ko na tsoro/liturgical. Wasu nau'o'in motsin ɗan adam wani lokaci ana cewa suna da inganci irin na rawa, gami da wasan motsa jiki, gymnastics, fara'a, wasan skating, wasan ninkaya tare, ƙungiyoyin tafiya, da sauran nau'ikan wasannin motsa jiki. Akwai ƙwararrun ƴan wasa da yawa kamar, ƙwararrun ƴan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa da ƴan ƙwallon ƙafa, waɗanda ke ɗaukar darasi na rawa don taimakawa da ƙwarewar su. Don zama ƙwararrun ƙwallo da yawa saboda wasan ƙwallon ƙafa ginshiƙi ne na abubuwa da yawa da muke yi a rayuwa. Ballet yana taimakawa tare da daidaituwa, ƙarfin asali, da ƙarfin ƙafa.

Rawar tana buƙatar daidai adadin mayar da hankali ga hankali da ƙarfin jiki. Siffar fasaha mai buƙatu har yanzu tana ba mutane damar bayyana kansu ta hanyar ƙirƙira ta hanyar motsi, tare da ba su damar daidaita motsi wanda ke da tsarin raha da motsin ruwa wanda ke jan hankalin masu sauraro ko dai a kan mataki ko a kan fim. Ana ɗaukar rawa a matsayin nau'in fasaha mai gamsarwa sosai. [1]

Performance and participation[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Membobin wani kamfanin raye-raye na jazz na Amurka suna gudanar da aikin rukuni na yau da kullun a cikin wurin raye-rayen kide kide.

Rawar wasan kwaikwayo, wadda kuma ake kira wasan kwaikwayo ko raye-rayen kide-kide, ana yin niyya ne da farko a matsayin abin kallo, yawanci wasan kwaikwayo akan mataki na masu rawa na kirki. Yana sau da yawa yana ba da labari, watakila ta amfani da mime, kaya da shimfidar wuri, ko kuma yana iya fassara wasan kwaikwayo na kiɗa, wanda sau da yawa ana yin shi na musamman kuma ana yin shi a cikin gidan wasan kwaikwayo amma ba abin bukata ba. Misalai sun hada da wasan ballet na yamma da raye-rayen zamani, raye-rayen gargajiya na Indiya irin su Bharatanatyam da Sinanci da wasan kwaikwayo na raye-raye na raye-raye kamar rawan dragon. Yawancin nau'ikan gargajiya sun dogara ne akan rawa kaɗai, amma rawar wasan kwaikwayo na iya fitowa a cikin wasan opera da sauran nau'ikan wasan kwaikwayo na kiɗa. 

Rawar shiga, a gefe guda, ko dai rawa ce ta jama'a, raye-rayen zamantakewa, raye-rayen rukuni kamar layi, da'ira, sarkar ko rawa mai murabba'i, ko raye-rayen abokin tarayya irin wanda ya zama ruwan dare a cikin raye-raye na Yammacin Turai, ana yin su ne da farko. don manufa guda ɗaya, kamar hulɗar zamantakewa ko motsa jiki, ko haɓaka sassaucin mahalarta maimakon yin amfani da kowane fa'ida ga masu kallo. Irin wannan rawa ba kasafai ake samun labari ba. Rawar rukuni da ƙungiyar ballet, rawar abokin tarayya da kuma pas de deux, sun bambanta sosai. Hatta raye-rayen solo ana iya yin su kawai don gamsar da mai rawa. Masu rawa masu shiga sau da yawa duk suna yin amfani da motsi iri ɗaya da matakai amma, alal misali, a cikin al'adun gargajiya na kiɗa na raye-raye na lantarki, ɗimbin jama'a na iya shiga cikin raye-raye na kyauta, ba tare da haɗin kai tare da waɗanda ke kewaye da su ba. A wani bangaren kuma, wasu al'adu sun kafa dokoki masu tsauri game da raye-rayen da, alal misali, maza, mata, da yara za su iya shiga ko dole ne su shiga.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mesolithic masu rawa a Bhimbetka

Shaidar archaeological da raye-raye na farko sun haɗa da zane-zane na shekaru 10,000 a Madhya Pradesh, Indiya a Dutsen Bhimbetka, da zane-zanen kabarin Masar waɗanda ke nuna adadi na rawa, kwanan wata c. 3300 BC. An ba da shawarar cewa kafin ƙirƙirar harsunan rubuce-rubuce, raye-raye wani muhimmin bangare ne na hanyoyin baka da kuma yadda ake watsa labarai daga tsara zuwa na gaba. [2] Yin amfani da raye-raye a cikin yanayi mai ban sha'awa da kuma al'adun warkarwa (kamar yadda aka gani a yau a yawancin al'adun "primitive" na zamani, daga gandun daji na Brazil zuwa jejin Kalahari) ana tunanin wani abu ne na farko a cikin ci gaban zamantakewar raye-raye. [3][4]

Masu rawa da mawaƙa a kan kwanon Sasani, Iran

Ana iya samun nassoshi game da rawa a cikin tarihin da aka rubuta da wuri; Plato, Aristotle, Plutarch da Lucian suna magana da rawan Girka (horos). [5] Littafi Mai Tsarki da Talmud suna nuni ga al’amura da yawa da suka shafi rawa, kuma suna ɗauke da kalmomin raye-raye sama da 30. [6] A cikin tukwane na Sinanci tun farkon zamanin Neolithic, ana nuna ƙungiyoyin mutane suna rawa a cikin layi suna riƙe da hannaye, kuma ana samun farkon kalmar Sinanci don "raye-raye" a rubuce a cikin ƙasusuwan baka. An kara bayyana rawa a cikin Lüshi Chunqiu. Rawar farko a tsohuwar kasar Sin tana da alaƙa da sihiri da tsafi. [7]

Hoton tagulla na Girkanci na ɗan rawa mai lulluɓe da rufe fuska, 3rd–2nd century BC, Alexandria, Egypt

A cikin ƙarni na farko KZ a Indiya, an ƙirƙira nassosi da yawa waɗanda suka yi ƙoƙarin daidaita al'amuran rayuwar yau da kullun. Natyashastra na Bharata Muni (a zahiri "rubutun wasan kwaikwayo") yana ɗaya daga cikin matani na farko. Ya fi magana ne game da wasan kwaikwayo, wanda raye-rayen ke taka muhimmiyar rawa a al'adun Indiya. Ya karkasa raye-raye zuwa nau'i hudu-na duniya, na al'ada, da, tafsiri-kuma zuwa nau'in yanki hudu. Rubutun ya fayyace motsin hannu daban-daban (mudras) kuma yana rarraba motsi na gabobin daban-daban, matakai da sauransu. Al'adar rawa mai ƙarfi ta ci gaba tun daga Indiya, har zuwa zamani, inda ta ci gaba da taka rawa a cikin al'adu, al'ada, da, musamman, masana'antar nishaɗi ta Bollywood. Wasu nau'ikan raye-raye na zamani da yawa kuma ana iya komawa zuwa raye-rayen tarihi, gargajiya, biki, da raye-rayen kabilanci.




Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wasu mata biyu suna rawa a wani wasan kade -kade da wake-wake a Sofia, Bulgaria.
  1. Foster, Susan Leigh. (2011). Choreographing empathy : kinesthesia in performance. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-59656-5. OCLC 963558371.Empty citation (help)
  2. Nathalie Comte.
  3. Guenther, Mathias Georg.
  4. Guenther, Mathias Georg. 'The San Trance Dance: Ritual and Revitalization Among the Farm Bushmen of the Ghanzi District, Republic of Botswana.' Journal, South West Africa Scientific Society, v. 30, 1975–76.
  5. Raftis, Alkis, The World of Greek Dance Finedawn, Athens (1987) p25.
  6. "Canadian National Arts Centre – Dance Forms: An Introduction". Arts Alive. Archived from the original on Apr 16, 2021.Empty citation (help)
  7. Empty citation (help)