Fam na Sudan

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Fam na Sudan
kuɗi da pound (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙasa Sudan
Applies to jurisdiction (en) Fassara Sudan
Currency symbol description (en) Fassara £
Central bank/issuer (en) Fassara Bank of Sudan (en) Fassara
Wanda yake bi Sudanese dinar (en) Fassara
Lokacin farawa 1956
Unit symbol (en) Fassara ج.س da sud£
Sudan 1 pound 1987 obverse

Fam Sudan ( Larabci : جنيه سوداني "Jineh Sudani" ; gajarta: LS[1] a cikin Latin, ج.س da Larabci, a tarihi kuma £ Sd ; ISO code : SDG ) kudin Jamhuriyar Sudan ne. An raba fam ɗin zuwa piastres 100 (ko qirsh ( قرش ) da Larabci). Babban bankin kasar Sudan ne ke bayar da shi.[2]

Fam din ya fadi a karon farko tun shekarar 1997 bayan da Amurka ta kakabawa Sudan takunkumin tattalin arziki . Fam na Sudan ya ci gaba da raguwa zuwa adadin da ba a taba gani ba, inda ya fado zuwa LS 53 akan dollar. Wannan lamarin da ya kawar da duk wasu matakan tattalin arziki, ya haifar da asara mai yawa a sakamakon illar da Sudan gaba daya ta ke fuskanta, bisa la'akari da matakin da gwamnatin kasar ta dauka, sakamakon wasu ayyukan da babban bankin kasar Sudan ya sanar, ya katse shi, lamarin da ya haifar da karanci mai tsanani. na liquidity.

Fam Sudan ya fadi da dalar Amurka bayan da babban bankin kasar Sudan ya sanar da dage ajiyar kudaden da ake ajiyewa domin dakile hauhawar farashin kayayyaki. Tun bayan ballewar Sudan ta Kudu a shekara ta 2011, Sudan ta yi fama da karancin kudaden musanya na ketare, sakamakon asarar kashi uku cikin hudu na albarkatun mai da kashi 80% na albarkatun kasashen waje. Gwamnatin Sudan ta nakalto farashin dala a hukumance daga LS 6.09 zuwa LS 18.07 a cikin kasafin kudin 2018 da LS a ranar Maris 2021 ya kasance 375.11 Yuro.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fam na farko (SDP)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fam na farko da ya fara yawo a Sudan shi ne fam din Masar . Marigayi shuwagabannin karni na 19 Muhammad ibn Abdalla ( Mahdi ) da Abdallahi ibn Muhammad ( Khalifa ) duk sun fitar da tsabar kudi da ke yawo tare da kudin kasar Masar. Lokacin da mulkin Anglo-Masar ya ƙare a Sudan a ranar 1 ga Janairu, 1956, kuma Sudan ta zama ƙasa mai cin gashin kanta, an ƙirƙiri wani nau'in kudin Sudan (fam na Sudan), wanda ya maye gurbin fam na Masar daidai.

An raba fam ɗin Masar zuwa 100 piastres (Larabci: قروش, qirsh mufuradi, قرش, Turanci: piastre, taƙaitaccen bayani: PT ). An rarraba piastre zuwa kashi 40, amma raguwa bayan sake fasalin kudin Masar na 1886 ya kafa  PT, wanda aka fi sani da millim (wanda aka rage zuwa mm/mms a Sudan) ( ملّيمات, mufuradi: ملّيم ). Saboda wannan gado, an raba fam na Sudan bayan 1956 zuwa 100 PT, kowanne an raba shi zuwa 10mms.

A lokacin 1958-1978 an lissafta fam zuwa dalar Amurka akan dalar Amurka 2.87156 a kowace LS. 1. Bayan haka, fam ɗin ya sami raguwa a jere.

An maye gurbin fam ɗin a cikin 1992 da dinari (SDD) a ƙimar SD 1 = LS 10. Yayin da dinari ke yawo a arewacin Sudan, a Kudancin Sudan, har yanzu ana yin shawarwarin farashin akan fam, yayin da a Rumbek da Yei, shilling na Kenya ya fi karbuwa a matsayin biyan.

fam na biyu (SDG)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bisa yarjejeniyar zaman lafiya da aka cimma tsakanin gwamnatin Jamhuriyar Sudan da kungiyar 'yantar da jama'ar Sudan, babban bankin kasar Sudan (CBOS) zai amince da shirin fitar da sabon kudi da zarar ya fara aiki a cikin wa'adin wucin gadi. Zane na sabon kudin zai nuna bambancin al'adun Sudan. Har sai an fitar da sabon kudi tare da amincewar Jam'iyyun bisa shawarwarin CBOS, za a amince da kudaden da ke yawo a Kudancin Sudan. . Fam na biyu ya fara gabatarwa a ranar 9 ko 10 ga Janairu 2007, kuma ya zama kawai kwangilar doka kamar na Yuli 1, 2007.[3][4][5] Ya maye gurbin dinari a farashin LS 1 = SD 100 (ko 1 SDG = 1,000 SDP).

Fam na uku[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 24 ga watan Yulin shekarar 2011 ne aka kafa bugu na uku na kudin fam din Sudan bayan ballewar Sudan ta Kudu daga Jamhuriyar Sudan.[6][7] A ranar 1 ga Satumba, 2011, fam na Sudan ya daina zama na doka a Sudan ta Kudu.

Don ƙarin tarihin da ke kewaye da kuɗi a yankin, duba kuɗin Burtaniya a Gabas ta Tsakiya[8][9][10]

An rage darajar laban Sudan ta Kudu a ranar 23 ga Fabrairu 2021, tare da hukuma (alamar alama) farashin musaya da aka saita zuwa LS. 375.08 a kowace dalar Amurka (daga ƙayyadadden ƙimar LS 55), rufe gibin da ke tsakanin farashin canji na kasuwanci da bakar fata.

Tsabar kudi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kudin gida a Sudan: batutuwan Mahdi da Khalifa da na Darfur[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1885 Mahdi ya ba da tsabar azurfa 10 PT da 20 PT da zinariya 100 PT . Wadannan sun biyo bayan mas’alolin Khalifa a mazhabobi na 10 para, 1 PT, 2 PT ,  PT, 4 PT, 5 PT, 10 PT da 20 PT . An fara fitar da waɗannan tsabar kudi a cikin azurfa a cikin 1885. A cikin shekaru goma sha ɗaya da suka biyo baya, an sami rashin ƙarfi mai tsanani, wanda ya kai ga billon, sannan aka wanke tagulla da azurfa kuma a ƙarshe an ba da tsabar kudi tagulla. Tsabar kudin ya ƙare a 1897.

A cikin 1908-1914, an ba da kuɗin gida a Darfur a yammacin Sudan. An fitar da wadannan ne a karkashin ikon Ali Dinar kuma sun yi kama da tsabar kudin Masar na zamani.

Fam na farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1956, an gabatar da tsabar kudi a cikin ƙungiyoyin 1mm, 2mms, 5mms da 10mms, 2 PT, 5 PT da 10 PT . An buge ƙungiyoyin millim a cikin tagulla, yayin da ƙungiyoyin piastre suke cikin kofin-nickel. 2mms, 5mms da 10mms an yi su da siffa mai siffa, kodayake an gabatar da zagaye 5mms a cikin 1971. An buga 1mm da 2mms na ƙarshe a cikin 1969, milimi 5 na ƙarshe a 1978. A 1983, Brass 1 PT, 2 PT da 5 PT, rage girman 10 PT da kofin nickel 20 An gabatar da PT . A cikin 1987, aluminum-bronze 1 PT, 5 PT, 10 PT, 20 PT, 25 PT da 50 PT da LS An gabatar da 1, tare da 25 PT da 50 PT kasancewar murabba'i da siffar octagonal, bi da bi. A cikin 1989, bakin karfe 25 PT da 50 PT da LS 1 aka bayar. Wannan shi ne tsarin gaba ɗaya, ban da waɗannan tsabar kudi akwai batutuwan da suka dace da masu tattarawa da maɓalli iri-iri. Dubi shahararrun kasidar tsabar kuɗi don cikakkun bayanai.

Dinar Sudan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Duba Dinar Sudan .

Fam na biyu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Coins a cikin darika 1 PT, 5 PT, 10 PT, 20 PT da 50 An gabatar da PT tare da tsabar kuɗin dinari da ke yawo. Babban bankin kasar Sudan ya bayyana cewa 5 PT tsabar kudi masu launin rawaya (watakila aluminum - tagulla ) da 10 PT launin azurfa ne (wanda aka yi da bakin karfe ). Na 20 PT da 50 PT tsabar kudi bi-metallic ne, tare da 20 PT yellow mai zobe tare da tsakiyar launin azurfa da 50 PT akasin haka.

Takardun kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fam na farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Template:Coin image box 2 singlesA cikin Afrilu 1957, Hukumar Kula da Kuɗi ta Sudan ta gabatar da bayanin kula na 25 PT, 50 PT, LS 1, LS 5 da LS 10. Bankin Sudan ya karbe ikon samar da bayanan kula a shekarar 1961. LS An gabatar da bayanin kula guda 20 a cikin 1981, sannan kuma ƙungiyoyin LS 50 a cikin 1984 da LS 100 a cikin 1988. [11]

Dinar Sudan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lokacin da aka gabatar da shi a ranar 8 ga Yuni 1992, dinari na Sudan ya maye gurbin fam na Sudan na farko a adadin 1:10.

Sabbin bayanin kula masu tambaya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 2005, gidan rediyon jama'a na Amurka ya ba da rahoton cewa sojoji a kudancin Sudan suna buga takardun fam mai suna "Bank of New Sudan", amma babu irin wannan banki. Bugu da kari, lambobi na takardun banki suna da lambobi iri-iri. Halaccinsu yana da shakku.[12][13][14][15]

Fam na biyu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lokacin da aka gabatar da shi a ranar 10 ga Janairu, 2007, fam na Sudan na biyu ya maye gurbin dinari na Sudan a farashin 1:100. Wannan sabon kudin dai ya kasance ne bisa yarjejeniyar zaman lafiya da aka cimma a shekarar 2005 tsakanin gwamnatin Sudan da kungiyar 'yantar da jama'ar Sudan domin kawo karshen yakin basasar da aka kwashe shekaru 21 ana yi a kasar. Mataimakin gwamnan jihar Badr-Eddin Mahmoud ya ce kudin buga sabon kudin ya kai dalar Amurka miliyan 156. Rahoton da aka ƙayyade na LS 1, LS 2, LS 5, LS 10, LS 20 da LS 50 aka bayar. Farashin LS An maye gurbin 1 bayanin kula da tsabar kudi a ƙarshen Nuwamba 2011.

Bayanan banki na fam na Sudan (fitowar 2006)
Hoto Daraja Banda Juya baya Alamar ruwa Ranar fitowa
[1] LS 1 Ginin babban bankin Sudan, Khartoum; Tattabara Tattabarai Tattabara da nau'in lantarki ℒ𝓈 1 9 ga Yuli, 2006
[2] LS 2 Tukwane Kayan kida Tattabara da nau'in lantarki ℒ𝓈 2 9 ga Yuli, 2006
[3] LS 5 Katanga mai ado; tauraron dan adam Hydroelectric dam Tattabara da nau'in lantarki ℒ𝓈 5 9 ga Yuli, 2006
[4] LS 10 Itace a Tabaldia, maɗaukakin hannaye, shanun watusi, duwatsu, da raƙuma Fadar Jama'a, Khartoum Sakatare tsuntsu da electrotype ℒ𝓈 10 9 ga Yuli, 2006
[5] LS 20 Injin; man fetur Masana'anta; eriya ta rediyo; 'ya'yan itace (ayaba, gwanda, furanni, abarba, citrus, inabi, masara) Sakatare tsuntsu da electrotype ℒ𝓈 20 9 ga Yuli, 2006
[6] LS 50 Dabbobin daji (rhinoceros, giwaye, biri a bishiya, buffalo ruwa, zebras, da rakumin ruwa) Tumaki, saniya, akuya, rakuma Sakatare tsuntsu da electrotype ℒ𝓈 50 9 ga Yuli, 2006

Fam na uku[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayanan banki na fam na uku suna kama da na fam na biyu amma tare da canje-canje a tsarin launi, cire wasu alamomin da ke da alaƙa da kudanci da kuma sake fasalin taswirar ƙasar bayan ballewar kudanci.

Bayanan banki na fam na Sudan (Batun canza launi na 2011)
Hoto Daraja Banda Juya baya Ranar fitowa
[7] LS 2 Tukwane Kayan kida Yuni 2011
[8] LS 5 Katanga mai ado; tauraron dan adam Hydroelectric dam Yuni 2011
[9] LS 10 Itace a Tabaldia, manne hannaye, duwatsu, da raƙumi Fadar Jama'a, Khartoum Yuni 2011
[10] LS 20 Injin; man fetur Masana'anta; eriya ta rediyo; 'ya'yan itace (ayaba, gwanda, furanni, abarba, citrus, inabi, masara) Yuni 2011
[11] LS 50 Dabbobin daji (rhinoceros, giwaye, biri a bishiya, buffalo ruwa, zebras, da rakumin ruwa) Tumaki, saniya, akuya, rakuma Yuni 2011
[12] LS 50 Hedikwatar Babban Bankin Sudan, daidaitattun sandunan zinare na 400 oz. (12.4 kg), taswirar Sudan Jirgin kamun kifi, Rakuma Afrilu 2018
[13] LS 100 Pyramids na Meroë Meroë hydroelectric dam Janairu 2019
[14] LS 200 Dabbobin daji Red Sea karkashin ruwa fauna Fabrairu 2019
[15] LS 200 Ginin zamani, bukkoki Mutane masu allo Agusta 2019
[16] LS 500 Tauraron Dan Adam jita-jita, National Telecommunications Corporation (NTC) Tower, Khartoum Matatar mai Maris 2019
LS 1,000 Shuka dawa, silos hatsi Shukar dawa, ruwan ruwa, manoma biyu suna noman gona da shanu Yuni 2019

Sabbin takardun kudi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 1 ga Janairu, 2019, Babban Bankin Sudan ya sanar da fam na Sudan na LS 100, LS 200 da LS Za a saki 500 a wannan watan yayin da kasar ke fama da matsananciyar matsalar tattalin arziki da karancin kudade.

Wani sabon LS Babban Bankin Sudan ya kaddamar da takardar kudi 100 a ranar 28 ga Janairu, 2019.

Wani sabon LS Babban Bankin Sudan ya gabatar da takardar banki 200 Fam Sudan a ranar 5 ga Fabrairu 2019.

Wani sabon LS An ba da takardar banki 500 mai kwanan wata Maris 2019 a cikin 2019 da LS An ba da takardar banki 1,000 mai kwanan wata Yuni 2019 a ranar 7 ga Yuni 2022

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Central Bank of Sudan - 50 Sudanese pounds". cbos.gov.sd. Archived from the original on 2022-10-08. Retrieved 2022-09-02.
  2. "Sudan". CIA World Factbook 1990 - page 294. en.wikisource.org. 1 April 1990. Retrieved 2022-08-01.
  3. "New Sudan currency to circulate from January 10". Reuters – AlertNet. 2007-01-08. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  4. Bank of Sudan. "The new Sudanese currency". Archived from the original on 2007-01-04. Retrieved 2007-01-10. The new currency shall start circulation on January 9th.
  5. Sudan Vision Daily (2006-02-16). "Peace: The Presidency of the Republic: Implementation of the CPA in the Year 2005". Archived from the original on 18 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-19.
  6. http://www.newsday.com/business/sudan-rolls-out-new-currency-after-separation-1.3047946[dead link]
  7. "Sudan launches a new currency, following South Sudan" Check |url= value (help). BBC News. 2011-07-24.[permanent dead link]
  8. Abdelaziz, Khalid (2021-02-22). "Sudan devalues currency to meet key condition for debt relief". Reuters (in Turanci). Retrieved 2021-02-23.
  9. Reuters Staff (2021-02-23). "Sudanese pound gains on black market on second day after devaluation". Reuters (in Turanci). Retrieved 2021-02-23.
  10. "Indicative Exchange Rate | CBOS". cbos.gov.sd. Archived from the original on 2021-03-03. Retrieved 2021-02-23.
  11. http://www.islamicbanknotes.com/
  12. National Public Radio, USA (2005-05-31). "Photo of some of the 200 pound notes". NPR. Retrieved 2006-07-19.
  13. National Public Radio, USA (2005-05-31). "Peace Also Brings New Currency to Southern Sudan". NPR.org. Retrieved 2006-07-19.
  14. New Sudan high denomination notes sought Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine. Banknote News. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
  15. The Elusive Banknotes of New Sudan, Peter Symes, pjsymes.com.au. January 2011. Retrieved on 2014-03-09.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]