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Fasahar muhalli

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Tsare-tsare na birni mai dorewa da haɓakawa : Photovoltaic ombrière SUDI tashar mai cin gashin kanta ce kuma ta tafi da gidanka wacce ke cike da kuzari ga motocin lantarki ta amfani da hasken rana .
Institute of marine and environmental technology

Fasahar muhalli ( envirotech ) ko fasahar kore ( greentech ), wadda kuma aka sani da fasaha mai tsabta ( cleantech ), shine aikace-aikacen daya ko fiye na kimiyyar muhalli, koren chemistry, kula da muhalli da na'urorin lantarki don saka idanu, samfuri da kuma kiyaye yanayin yanayi albarkatu, da kuma dakile munanan tasirin sa hannun mutane. Hakanan ana amfani da kalmar don bayyana fasahar samar da makamashi mai ɗorewa kamar photovoltaics, injin turbin iska, da sauransu. Cigaba mai dorewa sashin muhalli. fasahar muhalli Hakanan ana amfani da kalmar fasahohin muhalli don bayyana nau'in na'urorin lantarki waɗanda za su iya haɓaka ingantaccen sarrafa albarkatun.

Tsarkakewa da sarrafa sharar gida[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Misalai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Biofiltration
  • Bioreactor
  • Bioremediation
  • Desalination
  • Depolymerization na thermal
  • Takin bayan gida
  • Pyrolysis

Tsarkakewar ruwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ra'ayi a cikin wata shukar kawar da ruwan osmosis a Spain .

Tsarkakewar ruwa : Dukkan ra'ayi / ra'ayi na samun datti / ƙwayar cuta / gurɓataccen ruwa mai gudana a cikin yanayi. Yawancin wasu al'amura suna haifar da wannan ra'ayi na tsarkakewa na ruwa. Gurbacewar ruwa shine babban makiyin wannan ra'ayi, kuma an shirya kamfen daban-daban da masu fafutuka a duniya don taimakawa wajen tsarkake ruwa.

Tsabtace iska[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tsarkakewar iska : Ana iya shuka tsire-tsire na asali da na kowa a cikin gida don kiyaye iskar sabo saboda duk tsire-tsire suna cire CO 2 kuma suna canza shi zuwa iskar oxygen . Mafi kyawun misalai sune: Dypsis lutescens, Sansevieria trifasciata, da Epipremnum aureum . [1] Bayan yin amfani da tsire-tsire da kansu, ana iya ƙara wasu nau'ikan ƙwayoyin cuta a cikin ganyen waɗannan tsire-tsire don taimakawa kawar da iskar gas mai guba, kamar toluene . [2] [3]

Maganin najasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Maganin najasa yana da kamanceceniya da tsabtace ruwa. Maganin najasa na da matukar mahimmanci yayin da suke tsarkake ruwa kowane nau'in gurɓataccen ruwa. Ruwan da ya fi ƙazanta ba a amfani da shi ga komai, kuma mafi ƙarancin ƙazantaccen ruwa ana isar da shi zuwa wuraren da ake amfani da ruwa sosai. Yana iya haifar da wasu ra'ayoyi daban-daban na kariyar muhalli, dorewa, da sauransu.

Gyaran muhalli[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gyaran muhalli shine kawar da gurɓatacce ko gurɓatawa don kare muhalli gabaɗaya. Ana samun wannan ta hanyoyi daban-daban na sinadarai, nazarin halittu, da manyan hanyoyin. [4]

Gudanar da shara mai ƙarfi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sarrafa shara mai ƙarfi shine tsarkakewa, cinyewa, sake amfani da shi, zubarwa da kuma kula da sharar da gwamnati ko hukumomin da ke mulki na birni/gari ke aiwatarwa. [5]

Dorewa makamashi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Net Zero Court sifili sifili samfurin ginin ofis a St. Louis, Missouri

Damuwa game da gurbatar yanayi da iskar gas ya haifar da neman mafita mai dorewa fiye da amfani da man da muke amfani da shi a halin yanzu. Ragewar iskar gas a duniya yana buƙatar ɗaukar tsarin kiyaye makamashi da kuma samar da ci gaba mai dorewa. Wannan rage cutarwar muhalli ya ƙunshi canje-canjen duniya kamar:

  • rage gurbacewar iska da methane daga biomass
  • kusan kawar da burbushin mai na motoci, zafi, da wutar lantarki, da aka bari a cikin ƙasa.
  • yawan amfani da sufurin jama'a, batir da motocin man fetur
  • ƙarin iskar / hasken rana / ruwa da aka samar da wutar lantarki
  • rage kololuwar bukatu tare da harajin carbon da lokacin farashin amfani.

Tun da man da masana'antu da sufuri ke amfani da shi shine mafi yawan buƙatun duniya, ta hanyar saka hannun jari a cikin kiyayewa da inganci (amfani da ƙarancin mai), za a iya rage gurɓacewar iska da iskar gas daga waɗannan sassa biyu a duniya. Ingantacciyar injin lantarki mai ƙarfi (da injin janareta na lantarki ) fasahar da ke da tasiri mai tasiri don ƙarfafa aikace-aikacen su, kamar masu samar da saurin sauri da ingantaccen amfani da makamashi, na iya rage adadin carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) da sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) waɗanda zasu in ba haka ba za a gabatar da shi zuwa yanayin, idan an samar da wutar lantarki ta hanyar amfani da man fetur. Greasestock wani taron ne da ake gudanarwa kowace shekara a Yorktown Heights, New York wanda shine mafi girman nunin fasahar muhalli a Amurka .[6][7][8][9][10] Wasu masanan sun bayyana damuwarsu kan cewa aiwatar da sabbin fasahohin muhalli a cikin tattalin arzikin kasa da suka samu ci gaba na iya haifar da cikas ga tattalin arziki da zamantakewa a cikin kasashe masu karancin ci gaban tattalin arziki. [11]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Kamal Meattle on how to grow fresh air Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine TED (conference)
  2. EOS magazine, February 2017; Azalea's with extra bacteria can help to degrade toluene
  3. "Bacteria on Hedera helix able to help degrade exhaust gases from Diesel engines running on Diesel". Archived from the original on 2017-09-01. Retrieved 2023-05-23.
  4. Livescience. Retrieved June 27, 2009.10 top emerging environmental technologies. http://www.reference.md/files/D052/mD052918.html
  5. Retrieved June 16th, 2009. "Urban Waste Management". Retrieved June 16th, 2009. http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/237191468330923040/pdf/918610v20WP0FM0BE0CATALOGED0BY0WED0.pdf
  6. Norman, Jim. "Where There's Never an Oil Shortage". The New York Times. May 13, 2007.
  7. Tillman, Adriane. "Greasestock Festival returns, bigger and better Archived 2008-05-18 at the Wayback Machine". May 14, 2008.
  8. "Greasestock 2008 Archived 2008-05-29 at the Wayback Machine". Greasestock Archived 2008-05-29 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved May 20, 2008.
  9. Max, Josh. "Gas-guzzlers become veggie delights at Greasestock in Yorktown Heights Archived 2011-08-05 at the Wayback Machine". Daily News. May 13, 2008.
  10. "Greasestock 2008: Alternative Fuel, Fun and French Fries Archived 2008-05-29 at the Wayback Machine". Natural Awakenings. May 2008.
  11. Eric Bonds and Liam Downey, ""Green" Technology and Ecologically Unequal Exchange: The Environmental and Social Consequences of Ecological Modernization in the World-System" in: Journal of World-Systems Research, Volume 18, Issue 2 (http://jwsr.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/jwsr/article/view/482)

Kara karantawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Samfuri:Environmental technology