Gidan Kayan Tarihi na Kasar Sin

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Gidan Kayan Tarihi na Kasar Sin
中国国家博物馆
SV102112.JPG
Wuri
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaSin
Babban birniBeijing
District of China (en) FassaraDongcheng District (en) Fassara
Subdistrict of China (en) FassaraDonghuamen Subdistrict (en) Fassara
Coordinates 39°54′12″N 116°23′40″E / 39.90333°N 116.39444°E / 39.90333; 116.39444
History and use
Opening2003
Ƙaddamarwaga Maris, 2011
Shugaba Wu Weishan (en) Fassara
Karatun Gine-gine
Architect (en) Fassara Gerkan, Marg and Partners (en) Fassara
Visitors per year (en) Fassara 7,500,000
Contact
Address 北京市东城区东长安街16号
Offical website

Gidan Kayan Tarihi na ƙasar Sin yana gefen Tiananmen Square a Beijing, China.Manufar gidan kayan gargajiya ita ce ilmantar da al'adu da tarihin kasar Sin . Ma'aikatar Al'adu ta Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin ce ke ba da umarnin ta.

Sakamakon ɓarkewar COVID-19, an rufe gidan kayan tarihin don babban ɓangaren 2020, kuma halartar ya ragu da kashi 78 zuwa 1,600,000. Koyaya, a cikin 2020 yana cikin matsayi na biyu a cikin Jerin gidajen kayan gargajiya da aka fi ziyarta, bayan Louvre. [1].

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An kafa gidan kayan gargajiya a cikin 2003 ta haɗewar gidajen a dana kayan tarihi guda biyu waɗanda suka mamaye gida ɗaya tun 1959: Gidan Tarihin Juyin Juya Halin China a reshen arewa (wanda ya samo asali daga Ofishin Gidan Tarihin Juyin Juya Halin Ƙasa da aka kafa a 1950 don adana abubuwan gado na juyin juya halin 1949 ) da Gidan Tarihi na Tarihin Sinawa a reshen kudancin (tare da asali a duka Gidan Tarihin Tarihi na Beijing, wanda aka kafa a 1949, da Ofishin Farko na Gidan Tarihin Tarihi na Kasa, wanda aka kafa a 1912, An ba shi aiki don kiyaye mafi girman tarihin China).

An kammala ginin a shekarar 1959 a matsayin daya daga cikin Manyan Gine-gine guda goma da ke bikin cika shekaru goma da kafuwar Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin. Yana cika Babban Zauren Jama'a na adawa wanda aka gina lokaci guda. Tsarin yana zaune akan 6.5 hectares (16 acres) kuma yana da tsawon gaba na 313 metres (1,027 ft), tsayin hawa huɗu na jimlar 40 metres (130 ft), da fadin 149 metres (489 ft) . [2] Gaban yana nuna ginshiƙai murabba'i goma a tsakiyar ta.

A large whitish interior space with a very high ceiling lit by many windows on its left stretches off into the far background. There are people walking around within. At left in the foreground is a large dark wooden model of a round three-tiered pagoda
Foyer gaba tare da samfurin Haikalin Sama, a cikin 2014

Bayan shekaru hudu na gyare -gyare, gidan kayan gargajiya ya sake buɗewa a ranar 17 ga Maris, 2011, tare da sabbin dakunan baje kolin 28, fiye da sau uku sararin baje kolin da ya gabata, da yanayin baje kolin kayan fasaha da wuraren ajiya. Tana da jimillar filin kusan 200,000 m 2 (ƙafafun ƙafa miliyan 2.2) don nunawa. Kamfanin Gerkan, Marg da Partners na Jamus ne ya tsara gyaran. [3]

Tattarawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gidan kayan gargajiya, wanda ya ƙunshi tarihin ƙasar Sin daga Yuanmou Man na shekaru miliyan 1.7 da suka gabata har zuwa ƙarshen daular Qing ( daular daular karshe a tarihin kasar Sin ), yana da tarin abubuwa na dindindin 1,050,000, tare da abubuwa masu daraja da yawa da ba kasafai ba da za a same su a gidajen tarihi a ko'ina cikin China ko sauran duniya.

Daga cikin mahimman abubuwa a cikin Gidan Tarihi na China akwai " Simuwu Ding " daga Daular Shang (mafi girman kayan ƙarfe na tagulla a duniya, akan kilo 832.84), murabba'i mai siffar murabba'i na daular Shang zun zunubi da huɗu tumaki shugabannin, [4] a da manyan baiyanannun rubũtacce yammacin Zhou daular tagulla ruwa kwanon rufi, [4] zinariya-inlaid daular Qin tagulla Tally a cikin siffar damisa, [4] daular Han Jade binne kara sewn da zinariya thread, [4] da kuma cikakken tarin daular Tang da sancai mai launin shuɗi mai launin shuɗi da yumɓu na Daular Song . [4] Gidan kayan gargajiya kuma yana da tarin tarin lambobi, gami da tsabar kuɗi 15,000 da Luo Bozhao ya bayar . [5]

Gidan kayan gargajiya yana da baje koli na dindindin da ake kira Hanyar Tsufa, wanda ke gabatar da tarihin China tun daga farkon Yaƙin Opium na Farko, tare da mai da hankali kan tarihin Jam'iyyar Kwaminis da nasarorin siyasa.

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Hotuna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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Ƙididdigar agogo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Agogon ƙidaya don farkon wasannin Olympics na Beijing na 2008

Saboda tsakiyar wurinsa a dandalin Tiananmen, an yi amfani da gaban gidan kayan gargajiya tun daga shekarun 1990 don nuna agogo ƙidaya da suka shafi lokutan muhimmiyar ƙasa, gami da miƙa mulkin mallaka na Hong Kong a 1997, canja wurin mulkin mallaka na 1999 na Macau, farkon wasannin Olympics na Beijing na shekarar 2008, da bude baje kolin duniya na 2010 a Shanghai .

Jayayya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Nunin watanni uku na alamar alatu Louis Vuitton a cikin 2011 ya haifar da wasu ƙorafe-ƙorafe na kasuwanci a gidan kayan gargajiya, tare da farfesa na Jami'ar Peking Xia Xueluan ya bayyana cewa a matsayin gidan kayan tarihin jama'a, yakamata "a zahiri kawai ya sadaukar da kansa ga waɗanda ba -inganta al'adun gargajiya. " Yves Carcelle, shugaban kuma babban jami'in Louis Vuitton Malletier, ya kare baje kolin ta hanyar cewa: "Abu mafi mahimmanci shine abin da zaku gano. Ina tsammanin kafin kuɗi, akwai tarihi: shekaru 157 na ƙerawa da fasaha. ” [6]

Wasu masu suka sun kuma yi zargin cewa tarihin tarihin gidan kayan gargajiya yana mai da hankali kan nasarorin Jam'iyyar Kwaminis, yayin da rage ko watsi da batutuwan da suka shafi siyasa kamar Babban Leap Forward da Juyin Al'adu .

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "The Art Newspaper", List of most-visited art museums, 30 March 2021
  2. China.org
  3. Hanno Rauterberg, Aufklärung in eigener Sache, Die Zeit, April 1, 2011 (in German)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nmc
  5. Luo Bozhao qianbixue wenji by Ma Feihai, Zhou Xiang, Luo Jiong, Luo Bozhao, review by Helen Wang The Numismatic Chronicle (1966-), Vol. 165 (2005), pp. 413-414
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named LV