Daulolin Kasar Sin A Tarihi

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Wikidata.svgDaulolin Kasar Sin A Tarihi
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na dynasty (en) Fassara da historical period (en) Fassara
Nada jerin list of Chinese dynasties (en) Fassara
Yankunan da dauloli daban-daban da na siyasar zamani suka mamaye a duk tsawon tarihin kasar Sin

Dauloli ƙasar Sinda dama sun yi mulkin kasar Sin a tarihin ta.Kasar Sin wata al'umma ce da ke da dogon tarihi. Wannan tarihin ya shafi daulolin da suka mulki ta.Sannu a hankali sun canza kasar Sin zuwa yanayin da take a yanzu.

Dauloli[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dynasty Rulers Ruling House or Clan Years
Name Chinese Pinyin Meaning
Three Sovereigns and the Five Emperors 三皇五帝 Sān Huáng Wǔ Dì As English (list) various 2852-2070 BC 782
Xia Dynasty Xià Summer (list) Sì (姒) 2070–1600 BC 470
Shang Dynasty Shāng Toponym (list) Zǐ (子) 1600–1029 BC 571
Western Zhou Dynasty 西周 Xī Zhōu Toponym (list) Jī (姬) 1029–771 BC 275
Eastern Zhou Dynasty

Traditionally divided into

Spring and Autumn Period

Warring States Period

東周 / 东周


春秋 戰國 / 战国

Dōng Zhōu

Chūnqiū Zhànguó

Toponym


"Histories"(literally "Spring and Autumns") "Warring States"

(list)


(list) (list)

Jī (姬)


various

770–256 BC


722–476 BC 475–221 BC

514


246 254

Qin Dynasty Qín Unknown, Possibly Toponym (list) Yíng (嬴) 221–206 BC 15
Western Han Dynasty 西漢 / 西汉 Xī Hàn Toponym (list) Liú (劉 / 刘) 206 or 202 BC–9 AD, 23-25 AD 215
Xin Dynasty Xīn "New" (list) Wáng (王) 9–23 AD 14
Eastern Han Dynasty 東漢 / 东汉 Dōng Hàn Toponym (list) Liú (劉 / 刘) 25–220 195
Three Kingdoms 三國 / 三国 Sān Guó As English (list) Cáo (曹)

Liú (劉 / 刘)

Sūn (孫 / 孙)
220–265 or 280 45
Western Jin Dynasty 西晉 / 西晋 Xī Jìn Ducal title (list) Sīmǎ (司馬 / 司马) 265–317 52
Eastern Jin Dynasty 東晉 / 东晋 Dōng Jìn Ducal title (list) Sīmǎ (司馬 / 司马) 317–420 103
Southern and Northern Dynasties 南北朝 Nán Běi Cháo As English (list) various 386 or 420–589 169
Sui Dynasty Suí Ducal title

(随 homophone)
(list) Yáng (楊 / 杨) 581–618 37
Tang Dynasty Táng Ducal title (list) Lǐ (李) 618–907 289
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms 五代十國 / 五代十国 Wǔ Dài Shí Guó As English (list) various 907–960 53
Kingdom of Dali 大理国 Dàlǐ Guó Toponym (list) Duan (段) 937–1253 316
Northern Song Dynasty 北宋 Běi Sòng Toponym (list) Zhào (趙 / 赵) 960–1127 167
Southern Song Dynasty 南宋 Nán Sòng Toponym (list) Zhào (趙 / 赵) 1127–1279 152
Liao Dynasty 遼 / 辽 Liáo "Vast" or "Iron"

(Khitan homophone)
(list) Yelü (Ei.ra.u.ud.svg; 耶律) 907 or 916–1125 209
Jin Dynasty Jīn "Gold" (list) Wanggiyan

(Wo-on gia-an.png; 完顏 / 完颜)
1115–1234 119
Western Xia 西夏 Xī Xià Toponym (list) Li (Tangut Lie.png; 李) 1038–1227 189
Yuan Dynasty Yuán "Great" or "Primacy" (list) Borjigin

(Template:MongolUnicode; 孛兒只斤 / 孛儿只斤)
1271–1368 97
Ming Dynasty Míng "Bright" (list) Zhū (朱) 1368–1644 or 1662 276
Qing Dynasty Qīng "Pure" or "Gold"

(Manchu homophone)
(list) Aisin Gioro

( Template:MongolUnicode}; 愛新覺羅 / 爱新觉罗)
1636 or 1644–1911 268
Timeline graph

Daular Xia[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Xia ta kasance daga shekarar 2070 kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa zuwa 1600 kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa. Wannan ita ce sarautar mulki ta farko a tarihin ƙasar Sin. Wataƙila sarki Yu mai girma ne ya ƙirƙiro Xia. Ba a san tabbas ba ko da gaske ne daular Xia ta wanzu. Mutane da yawa suna tunanin cewa daular Xia almara ce kawai. Wannan saboda babu wata shaidar da za ta iya tabbatar da cewa akwai wasu dauloli kafin 1600 BC. An sami wasu ramukan haƙa na abubuwan tarihi daga 1500 kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa wanda zai iya fitowa daga daular Xia. Misali ɗaya daga cikin ramuka ya sa masu binciken kayan tarihi su yi imani da cewa an ƙirƙiro tushen Sin a zamanin daular Xia. Hakanan akwai abubuwan da aka gano na tsohuwar kalandar China da ake kira kalandar wata . Daular Xia ta ƙare da wani daula mai suna Shang.

Daular Shang[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Shang ta kasance daga 1600 Kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa zuwa 1046 BC. Ya fara ne lokacin da Tang ya karɓi iko daga sarkin Xia na ƙarshe, Jie . Daular ta ƙare tare da kashe Di Xin .

Daular Shang tana da muhimmanci ga al'adun Sinawa. A farko Sin hali fonts da aka halitta a wannan lokaci. Suna yafi amfani da masu gani da shaman . Mutane sun yi nasu tasoshin na al'ada, kayan aikin gona da na fasaha har ma da makamai.An yi komai da tagulla.

A harkar noma,gero,alkama da shinkafa sune manyan amfanin gona.An kuma girma mulberries.An yi amfani da su don ciyar da silkworms na mulberry.

Daular Zhou[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daular Zhou ta kasance daga 1045 KZ zuwa 256 kafin haihuwar Annabi Isa. Shangs sun zama masu rauni saboda koyaushe suna faɗa da kabilu maƙwabta . Wannan ya yi kyau ga Zhou mai ƙarancin ci gaba. Sun ci Shang a garin An-yang na yanzu . Bayan haka, daular Zhou ta dauki gwamnati . Sun yi mulki na tsawon lokaci na dukkan daulolin ƙasar Sin.

Zhous makiyaya ne daga lardin Shanxi . Sarakunan daular Zhou sun raba kasar zuwa ƙananan yankuna hudu. Kowanne daga cikin waɗannan yankuna an sarrafa shi ta dangi da membobin aristocracy . Sarakuna suna sarrafa garuruwa masu garu tare da asalin manoma . Sun kuma taimaki masu mulki a lokutan yaki . Wannan tsarin gwamnati ya ba sarakunan Zhou damar sarrafa karin yanki.

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

 

  • Kwamitin Edita na Littafin Jagora na China, Jerin Littafin Jagora na China: Tarihi (trans., Dun J. Li), Beijing, 1982, 188-89; da Shao Chang Lee, "Ci gaban Al'adun China" (ginshiƙin bango), East Lansing, 1984.
  • Jami'ar Columbia. Waƙar daular da aka rera waƙar "Frère Jacques" wacce ke maimaita manyan daulolin China a cikin tsari..