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Hugh Trumble

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Hugh Trumble (19 ga Mayu 1867 - 14 ga Agusta 1938) ɗan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa ne na Australiya wanda ya buga wasanni 32 na gwaji a matsayin mai jefa kwallo tsakanin 1890 da 1904. Ya jagoranci tawagar Australiya a gwaje-gwaje biyu, inda ya lashe duka biyun. Trumble ya dauki wickets 141 a wasan kurket na gwaji - rikodin duniya a lokacin da ya yi ritaya - a matsakaicin 21.78 a kowane wicket. Yana daya daga cikin 'yan wasa hudu kawai da suka dauki hat-trick sau biyu a wasan cricket na gwaji. Masu kallo a zamanin Trumble, gami da mai iko Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, sun dauke shi a matsayin matsayi a cikin manyan 'yan wasan Australia na Golden Age na wasan cricket. An lasafta shi a matsayin daya daga cikin Wisden Cricketers of the Year a 1897 kuma Australian Cricket Hall of Fame, wanda aka kafa a 1996, ya gabatar da shi a 2004.

Mai tsayi kuma mai tsayi, Trumble ya ba da kwallon a sauri fiye da yawancin masu jefa kwallo, ta amfani da tsayinsa da yatsunsu masu tsawo don mafi girman fa'idarsa. Ya kasance mafi kyau a kan filayen Ingila masu laushi, amma daidaito da bambance-bambance a cikin saurin ya ba shi damar ɗaukar wickets a kan filaye masu wuya na Ostiraliya. Ya kasance mai ƙarancin ƙwallon ƙafa kuma mai ƙwallon ƙwallon ƙasa mai kyau a cikin slips. An san shi a matsayin mai tunani mai basira game da wasan kuma ya shahara tare da abokan aiki da abokan adawar, tare da sha'awar yin ba'a.

Trumble ya fara gwajinsa na farko a lokacin yawon shakatawa na ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa ta Australiya a Ingila a 1890, amma bai iya samun matsayi na dindindin a gefen Australiya ba har zuwa yawon shakataw na Ingila na 1896. Lokacin da tawagar Australiya ta gaba ta zagaya Ingila a shekara ta 1899, Trumble ya zira kwallaye 1,183 kuma ya dauki wickets 142; George Giffen ne kawai a gabansa ya sami "biyu" na 1,000 da wickets 100 a matsayin wani ɓangare na ƙungiyar yawon shakatawa a Ingila. An nada shi kyaftin din Australia a cikin 1901-02, lokacin da Joe Darling ba ya samuwa saboda alkawuran noma. Ya yi ritaya bayan yawon shakatawa na Australiya na 1902 na Ingila amma an dawo da shi a 1903-04. A wasan gwaji na karshe, Trumble ya dauki hat-trick, na biyu, a gaban magoya bayansa a garin Melbourne.

A waje da filin, Trumble ya yi aiki ga Babban Bankin Australasia, ya tashi zuwa matsayin manajan reshe na gida duk da alkawuransa na wasan kurket da ya katse aikin banki. A shekara ta 1911, an nada shi sakatare na kungiyar Cricket ta Melbourne, yana kula da ci gaban filin wasan Cricket na Melbourne (MCG) a cikin filin wasa wanda zai iya ɗaukar masu kallo sama da 70,000. Ya rike wannan mukamin har zuwa mutuwarsa a 1938 daga ciwon zuciya, yana da shekaru 71.

Rayuwa ta farko da aiki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Trumble a cikin unguwar Melbourne ta Collingwood, Victoria a 1867, ɗan William, wanda aka haifa a Arewacin Ireland kuma mai kula da mafaka, da kuma Elizabeth (née Clark) wanda aka haife ta a Scotland. Babban ɗan'uwansa, Billy, ya kuma buga wasan ƙwallon ƙafa na gwaji ga Ostiraliya kuma ƙaramin ɗan'uwanta, Thomas, ma'aikacin gwamnati ne wanda ya yi aiki a matsayin Sakataren Ma'aikatar Tsaro daga 1918 zuwa 1927, sannan kuma sakataren hukuma ga Babban Kwamishinan Ostiraliya a London.[1][2][3]

Trumble ya shafe wani ɓangare na rayuwarsa ta farko a yammacin garin Victorian na Ararat kafin ya koma Melbourne, ya zauna a yankin Camberwell. Ya yi karatu a makarantar Hawthorn Grammar School kuma ya buga wasan kurket na farko a kungiyar Kew Cricket Club. Da yake ƙarfafa ƙaunar 'ya'yansa maza na farko game da wasan kurket, William Trumble - mai ƙwarewa mai ƙwarewar wasan kurket wanda ya yi wa Kudancin Melbourne Cricket Club rauni - ya kafa filin wasan kurket a gidan iyali.[4] Ya sanya gashin gashin gashi a kan tsawo mai kyau kuma ya bukaci 'ya'yansa maza su yi niyya da shi lokacin da suke yin bowling. An san shi da daidaito, Hugh daga baya ya ce, "Hakika ba zan iya buga gashin tsuntsaye ba, amma nan da nan na kai matakin lokacin da nake kusa da shi ba".

Trumble ya koma kungiyar Melbourne Cricket Club a kakar wasan kurket ta 1887-88 kuma ya kasance nasara nan take. Ya dauki wickets 36 a wannan kakar, ya gama da matsakaicin 6.77 a kowane wicket; mafi kyau a cikin kulob din, ya doke abokin aikinsa kuma dan wasan gwajin Australiya Fred Spofforth. Ya fara buga wasan ƙwallon ƙafa na farko a Victoria a wannan kakar, wanda aka zaba don yin wasa da yawon shakatawa na Ingila XI wanda dan wasan Middlesex George Vernon ya jagoranta. Wasansa na farko ga Victoria da 'yan adawar Australia ya kasance da New South Wales a Melbourne Cricket Ground . Bowling tare da Spofforth, a cikin innings na farko Trumble ya dauki wickets bakwai don gudu 52.

Gwaji na wasan kurket[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gwagwarmaya ta farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A farkon kakar Australiya ta 1889-90 , Trumble ya jimre da wani lokaci inda bai iya ɗaukar wickets ba. Tare da zaɓin ƙungiyar Australiya don yawon shakatawa Ingila a cikin 1890 saboda a wannan lokacin, Trumble yana damuwa game da wannan mummunan tsari. Da yake lura da damuwarsa yayin wasa, wani aboki ya ba shi giya a lokacin hutun abincin rana don farfado da ruhunsa. A baya mai shan giya, Trumble ya ji daɗin ɗanɗano na farko kuma ya ba da umarni ga wani kafin ya sake shiga filin wasa. Jin shakatawa, kodayake yana mamakin yadda yake tafiya, Trumble ya ɗauki wickets don tabbatar da zabinsa a cikin ƙungiyar Australiya.[5] Trumble ya gama kakar wasa tare da wickets 27 a matsakaicin 14.20 a kowane wicket.

Kungiyar Australiya ta 1890 da ke yawon shakatawa a Ingila ba ta da ƙwarewa.[6] Kungiyar ta rasa ikon George Giffen, wanda ya ki shiga cikin tawagar, yana tunanin ba zai yiwu yawon shakatawa ya zama nasara ta wasanni ko ta kudi ba.[7] 'Yan Australia sun lashe wasanni 13 a kan yawon shakatawa, sun rasa 16 kuma sun zana 9.[6] Trumble ya fara gwajin wasan kurket a gwajin farko da tawagar Ingila a filin wasan kurket na Ubangiji. Ya dauki wicket daya kawai, ya kori Bobby Peel da aka kama kuma ya jefa kwallo don 1. Bucking a lamba goma sha ɗaya a cikin innings na farko ya yi 1 ba tare da fita ba kuma a cikin na biyu, 5 yana gudu bugawa a lamba goma. Duk da wannan rashin nasara, ya riƙe matsayinsa a cikin tawagar don gwajin na biyu a The Oval inda ya kasa ɗaukar wicket. An zaba shi don gwajin na uku a Old Trafford amma ruwan sama mai ci gaba ya ga an watsar da wasan ba tare da an buga kwallon ba. Trumble ya buga wasanni 28 na farko a lokacin yawon shakatawa, ya zira kwallaye 288 a matsakaicin 8.47 kuma ya dauki wickets 52 a matsakaitan 21.75. Wisden Cricketers' Almanack ya rubuta, "Rahotanni daga Ostiraliya sun kai mu ga tsammanin abubuwa da yawa... Trumble" amma "daidaitawa da tsawonsa na yau da kullun [sun kasance] bai isa ba don biyan bashin rashin 'shaidan' da iri-iri".

Ba a zabi Trumble a cikin tawagar Australiya don buga wa tawagar Ingila ta Lord Sheffield ba a shekara ta 1891-92. Bai koma tawagar Australiya ba har sai an zaba shi a cikin tawagar don yawon shakatawa Ingila a shekara ta 1893. Kafin wasannin gwaji ya dauki wickets 14 don gudu 116 (14/116) a kan 'yan wasan sannan 12/84 a kan Kent a Gravesend. Ya taka leda a dukkan wasannin gwaji guda uku a shekara ta 1893, inda ya dauki wickets 6 a matsakaicin 39.00. Trumble ya zira kwallaye 58 a cikin gwaje-gwaje tare da mafi girman maki 35 amma ya sami nasara a sauran wasannin, ya zira kwallan 774, ciki har da ƙarni daya a duk wasannin farko a kan yawon shakatawa. Wisden ya lura cewa "Hugh Trumble ya nuna babban ci gaba a kan nau'in shekaru uku da suka gabata, wanda ya yi kwallo sosai a duk lokacin yawon shakatawa" kuma "... rahotanni game da ci gaban Hugh Trumble a cikin bugawa sun kasance da kyau sosai, bugawa a cikin wasanni da yawa yana da kyau sosai".[8]

Lokacin da tawagar Ingila ta Andrew Stoddart ta ziyarci Ostiraliya a 1894-95, Trumble ya buga gwajin daya kawai, na biyu a filin Cricket na Melbourne. A cikin wasannin farko, Ingila ta zira kwallaye 75 tare da Trumble da ke karbar wickets 3. Ingila ta yi yaƙi a wasan na biyu, inda ta zira kwallaye 475 don lashe gwajin ta hanyar gudu 94; Trumble ya kasa daukar wicket.

  1. In the Australian government, a departmental secretary such as the Secretary of the Department of Defence is the senior public servant in a government department; as opposed to the Minister for Defence, a political position. See Australian Public Service#Organisational Structure for further detail on the split between the two roles.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ADB
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ADBThomas
  4. Perry, pp. 90–93.
  5. Robinson, pp. 88–94.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Pollard (1988), p. 405.
  7. Robinson, p. 62.
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Wisden1894