Kurket

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Wikidata.svgKurket
type of sport (en) Fassara
T20 World Cup Cricket Match between India Vs Australia, at MCG, Melbourne.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na team sport (en) Fassara, ball game (en) Fassara da bat-and-ball game (en) Fassara
Ƙasa da aka fara England (en) Fassara
Gudanarwan cricketer (en) Fassara
Uses (en) Fassara cricket ball (en) Fassara, cricket bat (en) Fassara da wicket (en) Fassara
Tsarin asali: bowler (Afirka ta Kudu) vs batsman (Australia)
Lura mai kula da wicket a hagu. Ingila vs New Zealand a Lords, gidan wasan kurket
Hobbs da Sutcliffe suna tafiya don doke Australia, Brisbane 1928
Ranji (Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji, Maharaja Jam Sahib na Nawanagar) shine babban dan wasan Indiya na farko. Ya buga wa Ingila wasa 1896 - 1902, kuma ya kasance jami'i a Sojan Burtaniya a Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya
Babban Don Bradman (Ostiraliya) a aikace, 1930s/1940s. Matsakaicin batirin sa shine mafi kyawun koyaushe

Cricket wasa ne wanda ake buga shi tsakanin ƙungiyoyi biyu na ƴan wasa goma sha ɗaya kowanne. Wata ƙungiya, wacce ke bugun, tana ƙoƙarin zira ƙwallo, yayin da ɗayan ƙungiyar ke yin filin, kuma tana ƙoƙarin hana hakan. Ana zura ƙwallo ta hanyar buga ƙwallo, wanda ɗan wasa daga ƙungiyar masu jefa ƙuri'a ya jefa shi ga ɗan wasa daga ƙungiyar batting, ta kan iyaka ,

Wickets sune ƙananan ƙungiyoyi uku, katako waɗanda ke kowane ƙarshen ɗan gajeren ciyawa da ake kira 'farar', wanda tsawonsa yadi 22 ne. Filin yana cikin babban ciyawar ciyawa da ake kira 'yankin wasa'. Yankin wasan shine da'irar yadi 30 a cikin filin wasan kurket ko filin wasa. [1] Lokacin da ɗan wasa ya fita, abokin wasa zai maye gurbinsu a filin. Lokacin da wata tawagar ba yana da isasshen " ba-fita " 'yan wasa bar su ci, to, da sauran tawagar samun damar kokarin score. A cikin gajerun wasannin wasan kurket, wata ƙungiya ma na iya dakatar da yin wanka lokacin da aka jefa ƙwallo ga 'yan wasan su sau da yawa. Bayan ƙungiyoyin biyu sun sami isasshen damar zira ƙwallo, ƙungiyar da ta fi gudu tana samun nasara.

Wasan ya fara ne a Ingila a ƙarni na 16. Tabbataccen tabbaci na farko game da wasan yana cikin shari'ar kotu ta 1598. [2] Kotu a Guildford ta ji wani mai binciken coroner, John Derrick, cewa lokacin da yake masani a "Makarantar Kyauta a Guildford", shekaru hamsin da suka gabata, "shi da ire -iren abokan sa sun gudu da wasa [a kan ƙasa ta kowa] a wasan kurket da sauran ƴan wasa ". [3] [4] Daga baya, wasan ya bazu zuwa ƙasashen daular Burtaniya a ƙarni na 19 da 20.

A yau, sanannen wasa ne a Ingila, Australia, Indiya, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Afirka ta Kudu, New Zealand, West Indies da wasu ƙasashe da yawa kamar Afghanistan, Ireland, Kenya, Scotland, Netherlands, da Zimbabwe .

Dokokin wasan kurket[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akwai ƙungiyoyi biyu: Ko wacce ƙungiya tana da 'yan wasa 11 a filin wasa. Ƙungiyar da ke buga wasan tana da 'yan wasa biyu, ɗaya a kowane ƙarshen filin (wanda kuma wani lokacin ake kira wicket).

  • Sauran tawagar masu bugun daga jiki ba sa cikin fili.
  • Ana samun gudu bayan an ɗora ƙwallo, galibi ta hanyar buga ƙwal da gudu, ko ta bugun ƙwal zuwa ko kan iyaka.

Kyaftin ɗin ƙungiya yake zabeni ɗan wasa daga tawagarsa; sauran 'yan wasan ana kiransu da' 'yan wasa' '.

  • Mai wasan yana ƙoƙarin nufin ƙwallon a wicket, wanda ya ƙunshi sanduna uku (da ake kira kututture) makale a cikin ƙasa, tare da ƙananan sanduna biyu (da ake kira beli. daidaita su.
  • Ofaya daga cikin 'yan wasan, wanda ake kira' mai kula da wicket ', yana tsaye a bayan wicket don kama ƙwallon idan ɗan ƙwal ya rasa wicket.
  • Sauran 'yan wasan za su iya bi kwallon bayan mai jemagu ya buge ta.

Mai wasan ƙwallon yana gudu zuwa wicket ɗinsa, kuma kwano zuwa ga mai jemage a ɗayan wicket.

  • Ba yan jefa Ƙwallon. Ya ɗora ƙwallon ƙwallo tare da "madaidaicin hannu" (an ƙara bayyana shi cikin ƙa'idodi da jagora ga alƙalai). Idan ya lanƙwasa hannunsa, sauran ƙungiyoyin za a ba su gudu guda kuma dole ne ya sake ƙwallo.
  • An 'over' shine kwallaye shida, ma'ana yana yin kwano shida. Sannan wani ɗan wasa ya zama ɗan wasan ƙwallon gaba, da kwano daga ɗayan ƙarshen, da sauransu. Haka kwanon ba zai iya kwano biyu sama da ɗaya bayan ɗaya ba.

Mai jemage yana ƙoƙarin kare wicket ɗin daga bugun ƙwallon. Yana yin wannan da jemage. Lokacin da ya bugi ƙwallo da jemage, yana iya gudu zuwa ɗayan wicket ɗin.

  • Don ci nasara:
    • Dole masu jemagu biyu su gudu daga wicket ɗin su zuwa wancan wicket ɗin kafin su ƙare. Anyi bayani a ƙasa. Masu jemagu na iya yin gudu tsakanin wicket sau da yawa yadda suke so, tare da bugun gudu ɗaya a duk lokacin da suka yi hakan.
    • Idan kwallon ta fita daga filin bayan an buga shi ba tare da ta yi tsalle ba, ana zira kwallaye shida.
      • Idan ƙwallon ta mirgina ko ta buge, ko batter ɗin ya buge shi, yana ƙidaya a matsayin gudu huɗu.

Akwai hanyoyi daban -daban da mai jemagu zai iya fita. Hanyoyin da aka fi sani sune:

  • Mai jemagu ya rasa ƙwallon kuma ƙwallon ya bugi wicket: wanda ake kira ƙwanƙwasawa, ko kuma “an ɗage shi”.
    • Kwallan ya buge jikin mai jemagu lokacin da zai buga wickeƙ in ba haka ba. Ana kiranta LBW (kafa kafin wicket). Yadda ake amfani da wannan doka yana da rikitarwa; wannan shine kawai ra'ayin gaba ɗaya.
  • Wani mai kula da filayen yana kama ƙwal bayan mai jemagu ya buge shi, kuma kafin ta yi tsalle ko ta fita daga filin: da ake kira kama.
  • Yayin da masu jemagu ke gudana, mai kula da filayen zai iya jefa ƙwallo a wicket. Idan masu jemagu ba za su iya gama tseren cikin lokaci ba, kuma ƙwallon ta bugi wicket ɗin, mai jemagu yana kusa da wicket ɗin da aka buga ya fita: ana kiran wannan da gudu.

Lokacin da mai jemagu ya fita, wani yana zuwa filin don maye gurbinsa. Inning sun ƙare lokacin da aka ɗauki wickets goma (watau goma daga cikin jemagu goma sha ɗaya sun fita). Bayan wannan, ƙungiyar da ta kasance 'filin wasan' ta zama ƙungiyar 'batting'. Yanzu dole ne su zira ƙwallaye fiye da sauran ƙungiyar da ta ci. Idan sun ci ƙarin gudu kafin a ci wickets goma, za su ci nasara. Idan ba su yi ba, ɗayan ƙungiyar ta yi nasara.

A cikin wasan kwana ɗaya, kowane gefe yana da innings guda ɗaya, kuma innings an iyakance shi zuwa wani adadi mai yawa. A cikin tsarukan tsayi kowane gefe yana da innings guda biyu, kuma babu takamaiman iyaka ga adadin wuce gona da iri a cikin innings.

Inda ake buga wasan kurket[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kurket ya shahara a ƙasashe da yawa, galibi a cikin ƙasashen Commonwealth.

Kasashen da aka fi shahara da wasan kurket suna fafatawa a wasannin duniya (wasanni tsakanin ƙasashe) waɗanda ke ɗaukar kwanaki 5, waɗanda ake kira wasannin gwaji . Waɗannan ƙasashe sune Ingila, Australia, West Indies, Afirka ta Kudu, New Zealand, India, Bangladesh, Zimbabwe, Ireland, Afghanistan da Sri Lanka. West Indies rukuni ne na ƙasashen Caribbean da ke wasa tare a matsayin ƙungiya. Wasu ƙasashe da yawa suna da ƙaramin matsayi. Ƙungiyoyin Ingila da Ostiraliya ne suka ƙirƙira ra'ayin wasan gwajin a ƙarni na 19. Ireland da Afghanistan sune sabbin ƙungiyoyin da zasu iya yin wasan cricket na gwaji.

Ana kuma buga wasan kurket a Kenya, Kanada, Bermuda, Scotland, Holland da Namibia; kungiyoyin kasa na wadancan kasashen na iya yin wasannin ƙasa da ƙasa na kwana daya, amma kada ku buga wasannin gwaji.

Daidaitaccen filin wasan kurket, wanda ke nuna alamar wasan cricket (launin ruwan kasa), kusa-infield (koren haske) tsakanin 15 yadi (13.7 m) na daukan hankali batsman, a cikin fili (matsakaici kore) a ciki da fari 30 yadi (27.4 m.
Girman filin wasan Kurtet

Filin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Filin wasan kurket shine inda ake buga wasan kurket. Yana da madauwari mai siffar ciyawa. Babu tsayayyen girma ga filin. Its diamita yawanci bambanta tsakanin 450 ƙafa (137 m) zuwa 500 ƙafa (100 m).

Daban-daban na wasan kurket[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gwajin gwaji[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wasannin gwaji sune manyan wasannin duniya da aka buga tsakanin ƙasashe. Babban mahimmancin gwajin wasan kurket shine gwada matasa ƴan wasa. Kasashen da aka ba su izinin buga wasannin gwaji ICC ta amince da su: Majalisar Cricket ta Duniya. An jera ƙasashe goma a ƙasa, tare da 'West Indies', 'Ingila' don ƙidaya wannan manufar a matsayin ƙasa. Gwaje -gwajen suna ɗaukar tsawon kwanaki biyar (Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa mutane da yawa ma ke kiransa "wasan kurket na kwana 5.") Kuma har yanzu yana iya ƙare a wasan da aka zana. : shine mafi tsayin tsarin wasan kurket.

Gwajin Al'umma na Gwaji don kwanakin farko : [5]

  • Ingila
  • Ostiraliya
  • Afirka ta Kudu
  • West Indies
  • New Zealand
  • Indiya
  • Pakistan
  • Sri Lanka
  • Zimbabwe
  • Bangladesh
  • Afghanistan
  • Ireland

Tsarin lig na ƙasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An kira larduna a Ingila, da jihohi a Ostiraliya da tsibirai a cikin West Indies. Waɗannan wasannin kwana uku ne ko huɗu.

Wasan kurket mai iyaka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A hangen zaman na wasan kurket farar daga bowler ta karshen. Mai wasan ƙwallon yana gudana a gefe ɗaya na wicket a ƙarshen ɗan wasan, ko dai 'akan' wicket ko 'zagaye' wicket.

A cikin waɗannan wasannin, an ƙaddara tsawon ta yawan adadin, kuma kowane gefe yana da innings ɗaya kawai. Ana amfani da wata dabara ta musamman, da aka sani da 'Duckworth – Lewis method' idan ruwan sama ya rage lokacin wasa. Yana lissafin maƙasudin ƙima ga ƙungiyar da ke buga na biyu a cikin takaitaccen wasan da aka katse ta yanayi ko wani yanayi.

Wata rana ƙasashen duniya (ODI50)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

ODIs galibi ana iyakance su zuwa 50 batting ga kowane gefe kuma kowane ɗan kwano na iya kwano har zuwa matsakaicin 10. Mafi girman ƙwallon ƙungiyar shine Ingila 481-6 akan Australia a watan Yuni 19, 2018. Mafi girman maki mutum shine 264 a kashe kwallaye 173 da Rohit Sharma ya yiwa Indiya akan Sri Lanka.

Wasan kurket na ashirin (Cricket T20)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wasan cricket na ashirin yana da sama da 20 a kowane gefe kuma kowane ɗan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa na iya yin har zuwa matsakaicin 4 ba kamar 10 ba a wasan ODI. Babban ƙimar ƙungiyar shine 263/5 ta Royal Challengers Bangalore (RCB) akan Pune Warriors India (PWI) a cikin kakar IPL ta 2013. Mafi girman ƙimar mutum shine 175* kashe ƙwallaye 69 ta Chris Gayle don RCB a daidai wannan wasa.

Matsakaici[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin wasan kurket akwai matsakaici iri biyu na musamman, ana amfani da su don auna yadda ɗan wasa yake da kyau:

  • A batsman matsakaicin battin shi ne yawan runs ya ya zira a wani lokaci (kamar a shekara ko dukan aiki), raba da adadin da sau ya aka samu daga a daidai wannan lokacin. Kyakkyawan jemage yana da matsakaicin batting. Matsakaicin matsakaicin T20 ga mai jemagu wanda ya taka aƙalla innings 20 shine 70.66 ta Chris Harris.
  • A bowler matsakaicim bowling shi ne yawan runs cewa an zira yayin da ya bowling, a wani lokaci, raba da adadin na batsmen ya samu fitar a daidai wannan lokacin. Kyakkyawan ɗan kwano yana da matsakaicin ƙwallon ƙafa. Matsakaicin ƙwallon T20 mafi ƙanƙanta don ɗan ƙwallon da ya ƙalla ƙwallo ƙalla 500 shine Mushtaq Ahmed tare da 13.80.

Akwai saiti daban na matsakaita ga kowane nau'in wasan kurket da aka lissafa a sama.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. MCC – the official Laws of Cricket Retrieved 25 July 2009
  2. Leach, From lads to Lord's
  3. Underdown, David 2000. Start of play. Allen Lane, p.3
  4. Altham H.S. 1962. A history of cricket, vol 1, George Allen & Unwin, p.21
  5. Barclays 1986. Swanton E.W. (ed) Barclays World of Cricket. London: Willow Books. ISBN 0-00-218193-2.

Sauran gidajen yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]