Bermuda

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Bermuda
General information
Height above mean sea level (en) Fassara 25 m
Yawan fili 53 km²
Suna bayan Juan de Bermúdez (en) Fassara
Labarin ƙasa
United Kingdom on the globe (Bermuda special) (Americas centered).svg
Geographic coordinate system (en) Fassara 32°20′00″N 64°45′00″W / 32.33333°N 64.75°W / 32.33333; -64.75
Bangare na European Union tax haven blacklist (en) Fassara
Kasa Birtaniya
Territory British Overseas Territories (en) Fassara

Bermuda (/ bɜrmjuːdə / "Ber-myu-Dah". Hukumance, da Bermudas ko Somers Islands, furuci a Hausance "Bamu da") Rukunin Tsuburai ne mallakin ƙasar Birtaniya a cikin tekun Atlantic ta Arewa . Hasasar tana da babban tsibiri ɗaya da ƙananan tsibirai 180. Bermuda sanannen wuri ne na yawon bude ido, tare da yanayi mara kyau a lokacin watanni na hunturu.

Ƙarshen gaɓar gabas na Amurka, Bermuda tana kusa da landmass ne Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, game da 1.030 kilomita (640 mi) zuwa yamma maso yamma. Yana da kimanin kilomita 1,373 (853 mi) kudu daga Halifax, Nova Scotia, Kanada, da kilomita 1,770 (1,100 mi) arewa maso gabashin Miami, Florida . Babban birninta shine Hamilton.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Titin a Hamilton ( babban birni).

Mai bincike ɗan ƙasar Spain Juan de Bermúdez me ya fara gano tsibirin Bermuda a shekarar 1505 ((a cewar sa aladu kaɗai ke rayuwa a tsibirin), kuma tsibirin yaci sunan shi ne. Bermúdez ya aiyana tsibirin da cewa daular Spain ce. Daga baya kuma Ingila ta karɓe tsibirin a 1609, kuma shine mafi yawan mutane na ƙasashen mallakar Burtaniya waɗanda suke a tsallake na ƙasar. Babban birnin ta , St George's, an kafa shi ne a shekarar 1612 kuma shine mafi tsufa a biranen turawa na Nahiya Amurika.[1]

Labarin kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kasar tana cikin Tekun Atlantika, kusa da gefen yamma na Tekun Sargasso. Tana da kusan mil 580 nautical (1070 km, 670 mi) gabas maso gabas kudu maso gabashin Cape Hatteras akan Bakim gaɓa na Arewacin Carolina da kimanin mil 590 nautical (1100 km, 690 mi) kudu maso gabas na gonar inabi ta Marta . Tsibirin ya kusa gabas da tsibirin Fripp, South Carolina . Yana da 103 kilomita (64 mi) na bakin teku

Yankin yana da tsibirai 181. Jimlar yankin tana da kilomita murabba'i 53.3 (20.6 sq mi). Babban tsibiri shine Babban Tsibiri, wani lokacin ana kiransa Bermuda .

Yanayi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bermuda na da yanayin kala biyu. [2] Yanayin yana da danshi kuma, sakamakon haka, jadawalin lokacin bazara na iya zama mai girma, kodayake yanayin tsakiyar watan Agusta ba zai wuce 30 °C (86 °F). Winters ba su da yawa, tare da matsakaicin yanayin rana a cikin Janairu da Fabrairu a kusan 20 °C (68 °F). Da zafin jiki da wuya ya sauka kasa da 10 ° C (50 °F).

Bermuda da alama mahaukaciyar guguwa zata iya afka mata. Ƙananan tsibirin yana nufin cewa faɗuwar ƙasa kai tsaye ba safai ba. Guguwar ƙarshe da ta haifar da babbar illa ga Bermuda ita ce rukuni na 3 Hurricane Fabian a ranar 5 ga Satumba 2003.

Tushen ruwa mai tsafta a Bermuda shine ruwan sama. An tattara shi a kan rufin rufi da wuraren kamawa kuma an adana shi a cikin tankuna. Kowane gida yawanci yana da aƙalla ɗayan waɗannan tankokin da ke zama ɓangare na tushe.

Flora da fauna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin da aka gano, Bermuda ba ta da mutane. Ya kasance mafi yawan gandun daji na Bermuda cedar, tare da dausayi na mangwaro a gefen gabar. Kawai 165 na nau'in tsirrai na jijiyoyin jijiyoyi 1000 na yanzu ana ɗaukar 'yan asalin. Daga cikin waɗannan 15, gami da itacen al'ul, suna da cutar.

An gabatar da nau'o'in itacen dabino da yawa ga Bermuda. Dabino na kwakwa suna girma a can, yana mai da shi mafi nisa daga arewa don haɓakar halittar wannan nau'in. Duk da yake kwakwa suna girma akan Bermuda, rashin zafin rana yawanci baya basu damar sanya fruita properlyan da kyau.

Jinsin dabbobi masu shayarwa a Bermuda guda birane kaɗai sune Jinsi na jemagu. Duk waɗannan jemagu kuma suna gabashin Amurka - Lasionycteris noctivagans, Lasiurus borealis, Lasiurus cinereus, Lasiurus seminolus da Perimyotis subflavus . Sauran dabbobin da aka fi sani da Bermuda sun haɗa da tsuntsayen ƙasar, Bermuda Petrel, da Bermuda Rock Skink . A skink aka dogon zaton sun kasance kadai 'yan asalin ƙasar vertebrate na Bermuda. Ba da daɗewa ba, an gano cewa, wani nau'in terrapin ya yi ƙaddarar isowar mutane a kan tsibirin.

Parishe da ƙananan hukumomi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Parheshin Bermuda

An raba Bermuda ne zuwa kashi tara parishes da biyu ƙananan hukumomi.

Ikklesiyoyin Bermuda tara:

  • Devonshire
  • Hamilton
  • Shafin
  • Pembroke
  • St George's
  • Sandys
  • Na Smith
  • Southampton
  • Warwick

Gundumomin Bermuda biyu:

  • Hamilton (birni)
  • St George's (gari)

Garuruwan Bermuda na yau da kullun:

  • Flatts Village
  • Kauyen Somerset

Duk da sunayensu, Jones Village (a Warwick), Cashew City (St. George's), Claytown (Hamilton), Middle Town (Pembroke) da Tucker's Town (St. George's) yankuna ne kawai. Garin Dandy da Kauyen Arewa sune kungiyoyin wasanni kuma Harbor View Village karamin ci gaban gidajen jama'a ne .

Tattalin arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bermuda tana da wadataccen tattalin arziki, tare da kuɗi a matsayin mafi girman sashinta, sannan yawon buɗe ido . [1] [3] A cikin 2005, Bermuda har ana ikirarin yana da GDP mafi girma a duniya ta kowane ɗan ƙasa, amma duk da haka waɗannan ƙididdigar suna da wahalar tabbatarwa kasancewar ba a rarraba Bermuda a matsayin ƙasa ba amma a matsayin yankin Burtaniya

Taswirar Bermuda, yana nuna yawancin tsibirai ( taswirar dama-dama don faɗaɗa ).

Babban abubuwan gani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ofaya daga cikin rairayin bakin rairayin bakin teku na Bermuda, a Astwood Park

Bermuda ta ruwan hoda yashi rairayin bakin teku da kuma bayyana, cerulean blue teku ruwa ne rare tare da yawon bude ido. Yawancin otal ɗin Bermuda suna gefen kudu tsibirin. Baya ga rairayin bakin teku masu, akwai wuraren jan hankali da yawa. Tarihi St George's Tarihin Tarihi ne na Duniya . Masu ba da ruwa a cikin ruwa suna iya gano ɓarna da yawa da kuma murjani a cikin ruwa mai 30–40 feet (9.1–12.2 m) a cikin zurfin) tare da kusan iyawa mara iyaka. Yawancin raƙuman ruwa da ke kusa suna da sauƙin samun dama daga bakin tekun ta hanyar masu satar shayarwa, musamman a Church Bay .

Shahararren jan hankalin baƙon Bermuda shine Dockyard na Royal Naval. Ya haɗa da Gidan Tarihin Ruwa na Bermuda. Sauran abubuwan jan hankali sun hada da Bermuda Aquarium, Museum da Zoo, Bermuda Underwater Exploration Institute, da Botanical Gardens, da hasken wuta, da kuma Crystal Caves tare da kyawawan matattarar ruwa da wuraren waha na karkashin ruwa.

Ba shi yiwuwa a yi hayan mota a tsibirin. Koyaya, baƙi zasu iya yin hayar babura don amfani azaman jigilar kai, ko amfani da jigilar jama'a.

Arts da al'adu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bermuda ta samar, ko kuma ta kasance gida ga, actorsan wasa kamar Oona O'Neill, Earl Cameron, Diana Dill, Lena Headey, Will Kempe, kuma mafi shahara, Michael Douglas da Catherine Zeta-Jones . Sauran mutanen fim da talabijin da aka haife su, ko suka rayu, a cikin Bermuda sun haɗa da furodusa Arthur Rankin, Jr., da mai zane-zane da Muppet mutum Michael Frith .

Kiɗa da rawa suna da mahimmanci a cikin Bermuda. Muswararrun mawaƙa sun haɗa da gumaka na gida Thean Talbot Brothers, waɗanda suka yi shekaru da yawa a cikin Bermuda da Amurka, kuma sun kasance a cikin shirye-shiryen Ed Sullivan da aka nuna ta talabijin. Sauran mawaƙan sun hada da mai kaɗa jazz Lance Hayward, mawaƙin mawaƙa Heather Nova da ɗan'uwanta, Mishka, mai ba da labari mai suna Gary Burgess, mawaƙa na gargajiya da mai gudanarwa Kenneth Amis, da kuma kwanan nan, mai zane-zane mai raye-raye, Collie Buddz .

A shekarar 1979, Gina Swainson ta sami sarauta " Miss World ".

Wasanni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kungiyar wasan kurket ta kasa ta Bermuda ta kasance a gasar cin kofin duniya ta Cricket a 2007 a cikin West Indies. Babban shahararren dan wasan su shine Dwayne Leverock . Har ila yau sananne sosai shine David Hemp . Gasar wasan kurket ta kowace shekara tsakanin 'yan majalisun da ke gaba da juna St George's a gabas da Somerset da ke yamma shine lokacin hutu na kasa baki daya.

A cikin 2007 Bermuda ta dauki nauyin 25 na PGA Grand Slam na Golf . Taron ya sake komawa Bermuda a cikin 2008 da 2009. Bermudian Quinn Talbot ya taba zama zakaran wasan golf mai makama daya.

Gwamnati ta ce a cikin 2006 cewa za ta ba da tallafi na kudi ga kungiyoyin wasan kurket na Bermuda da na kwallon kafa . Shahararrun 'yan wasan Bermuda sun hada da Clyde Best, Shaun Goater, Reggie Lambe, Sam Nusum da Ralph Bean . A cikin 2006, an kafa Bermuda Hogges a matsayin ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa ta farko ta ƙwararrun ƙwallon ƙafa ta ƙasar. Playsungiyar tana wasa a United Soccer Leagues Second Division.

Jirgin ruwa, kamun kifi, da wasannin dawakai suna da farin jini ga mazauna da baƙi duka. Newport – Bermuda Yacht Race al'ada ce da ta wuce shekaru 100. Wasanni na musamman ga Bermuda yana tsere da Dinghy Fitted Bermuda . Hakanan gasar International Design Design ta fara a Bermuda.

A wasannin Olympics na lokacin bazara na 2004, Bermuda ta fafata a cikin jirgin ruwa, motsa jiki, iyo, ruwa, wasan triathlon da dawakai. A waɗancan wasannin na Olympics, 'yar Bermuda Katura Horton-Perinchief ta kafa tarihi ta zama baƙar fata mace ta farko da ta fara ba da guduwa a wasannin Olympics. Bermuda ta taba samun lambar zinare a gasar Olympic, Clarence Hill ,. Hill ya ci tagulla a damben. Bermuda shima yana cikin kwarangwal Maza a Gasar Olympics ta Hunturu a 2006 a Turin, Italia. Jillian Teceira tana cikin wasannin Olympics na Beijing a 2008. Bermuda shima yana shiga cikin Wasannin Tsibiri na shekara biyu . Zai dauki bakuncin a 2013.

Bermuda tana da ƙungiyar Rugby Union mai alfahari. Unionungiyar Union Rugby Union ta Bermuda ta lashe gasar zakarun Caribbean na 2011 - inda ta doke Guyana a wasan ƙarshe.

Mashigar Bamuda[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bermuda shine gefen gabas na abin da ake kira " Bermuda Triangle " - yanki ne na teku inda ake zargin wasu jiragen sama da jiragen ruwa sun ɓace a cikin yanayi mai ban al'ajabi. Wasu mutane suna tunanin cewa akwai abin alaƙa da ɓacewa, yayin da wasu mutane ke ganin kawai haɗuwa ce .

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Bermuda – History and Heritage". Smithsonian.com. 6 November 2007, webpage:SM-Bermuda.
  2. Forbes, Keith. "Bermuda Climate and Weather". The Royal Gazette, 2008, webpage: B-clim.
  3. "Bermuda's Tourism Industry", Tayfun King, Fast Track, BBC World News (3 Nov. 2009), webpage: BBC50.

Sauran yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yanar gizo