Joyce banda

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Joyce banda
Shugaban kasar malawi

7 ga Afirilu, 2012 - 31 Mayu 2014
Bingu wa Mutharika (en) Fassara - Peter Mutharika (en) Fassara
Vice President of Malawi (en) Fassara

29 Mayu 2009 - 7 ga Afirilu, 2012
Cassim Chilumpha (en) Fassara - Khumbo Kachali (en) Fassara
Minister of Foreign Affairs (en) Fassara

1 ga Yuni, 2006 - 29 Mayu 2009
George Chaponda (en) Fassara - Etta Banda (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Zomba (en) Fassara, 12 ga Afirilu, 1950 (74 shekaru)
ƙasa Malawi
Mazauni Nairobi
Ƴan uwa
Abokiyar zama Richard Banda (en) Fassara
Yara
Ahali Anjimile Oponyo (en) Fassara
Karatu
Makaranta Atlantic International University (en) Fassara Digiri : early childhood education (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa, philanthropist (en) Fassara, gwagwarmaya, Mai wanzar da zaman lafiya da Lauya
Kyaututtuka
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa United Democratic Front (en) Fassara
People's Party (en) Fassara
IMDb nm5588450

Joyce Hilda Banda[1] (née Ntila; haifaffen 12 Afrilu 1950 [2]) yar siyasa ce ta Malawi, wacce ta yi aiki a matsayin Shugaban Malawi, daga 7 ga Afrilu 2012 zuwa 31 ga Mayu 2014. Banda ya karbi mukamin shugaban kasa bayan mutuwar kwatsam na Shugaba Bingu wa Mutharika. . Ita ce ta kafa kuma shugabar Jam’iyyar Jama’a, wacce aka kirkira a shekarar 2011.[3] Malama ce kuma mai fafutukar kare hakkin mata, ta kasance ministar harkokin waje daga 2006 zuwa 2009 kuma mataimakiyar shugaban kasar Malawi daga Mayu 2009 zuwa Afrilu 2012.[4] Ta yi ayyuka daban-daban a matsayinta na 'yar majalisa da kuma ministar kula da jinsi da jin dadin yara kafin ta zama shugaban kasar Malawi.[5]

Kafin aikinta na siyasa, ta kafa gidauniyar Joyce Banda, Kungiyar Matan Kasuwanci ta Kasa (NABW), Kungiyar Matasan Matasan Matasa da kuma aikin Yunwa.

Joyce Banda

Banda ita ce shugabar kasa ta hudu a Malawi[6] shugabar kasa mace ta farko da shugabar kasa mace ta biyu, bayan Elizabeth II. Ita ce mace ta biyu da ta zama shugabar kasa a nahiyar Afirka, bayan Ellen Johnson Sirleaf ta Laberiya. Ita ce mace ta farko mataimakiyar shugabar kasar.[7]A watan Yunin 2014, Forbes ta nada shugaba Banda a matsayin mace ta 40 mafi karfi a duniya kuma mace mafi karfi a Afirka.[8] A cikin Oktoba 2014, an saka ta a cikin Mata 100 na BBC.[9]

Rayuwar da Iyali[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Joyce Hilda Ntila[10] a ranar 12 ga Afrilu 1950 a Malemia, ƙauye a gundumar Zomba ta Nyasaland (yanzu Malawi).[11][12]Mahaifinta mawaƙin ɗan sanda ne. Ta fara aiki a matsayin sakatare kuma ta zama sananne a lokacin mulkin kama-karya Hastings Banda.[13]

Ta sami takardar shedar Makarantar Cambridge, [14]Digiri na Farko a Ilimin Yara na Farko daga Jami'ar Columbus (wata cibiyar koyar da ilimin nesa da ba a yarda da ita ba), [7] digiri na Ilimin zamantakewa a Nazarin Jinsi daga Jami'ar Atlantic International (kuma nisa mara izini). makarantar koyo) da kuma Diploma a Gudanar da ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu daga Cibiyar Ƙwararrun Ƙwararru ta Duniya (ILO) a Turin, Italiya. An kwatanta Jami'ar Atlantic International a matsayin digiri na digiri, [15] kuma an kori digirinsa a matsayin "karya." Ta kuma sami digiri na biyu a fannin fasaha a Jami'ar Royal Roads da ke Kanada.[16] da kuma digiri na girmamawa a cikin 2013 daga Jami'ar Jeonju.[17]

Ta auri Roy Kachale, wanda ta haifi ‘ya’ya uku tare da su. Tana da shekaru 25, tana zaune a Nairobi, Kenya.[18]

A shekara ta 1975, wata ƙungiyar mata da ke daɗa girma a Kenya ta sa Banda ta ɗauki ’ya’yanta uku ta bar abin da ta bayyana a matsayin auren zagi.[19] Auren ta da Roy Kachele ya ƙare a cikin 1981. Daga baya ta auri Richard Banda, Babban Jojin Malawi mai ritaya, wanda take da yara biyu [20][21].

Tsakanin 1985 zuwa 1997 Banda ya gudanar tare da kafa kamfanoni da kungiyoyi daban-daban da suka hada da Ndekani Garments (1985), Kasuwancin Akajuwe (1992), da Kaligidza Bakery (1995).[14]. Nasarar da ta samu ya zaburar da ita wajen taimaka wa sauran mata wajen samun ‘yancin cin gashin kansu da kuma karya hanyoyin cin zarafi da talauci.[22]

Ita ce 'yar'uwar Anjimile Oponyo, tsohuwar Shugaba na [23] Raising Malawi Academy for Girls, wanda Madonna ke tallafawa.[24]

Rayuwar Siyasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ofishin Jama'a (1999-2009)

Joyce Banda ta shiga siyasa ne a shekara ta 1999. Ta lashe kujerar majalisar dokoki a zaben dimokuradiyya na Malawi na uku a matsayinta na mamba na jam'iyyar shugaba Bakili Muluzi, United Democratic Front. Ta wakilci mazabar Zomba Malosa.[22] Muluzi ya nada ta a matsayin ministar kula da jinsi da ayyukan al’umma[13]. A matsayinta na minista, ta yi gwagwarmaya don kafa dokar ta’addancin cikin gida, wanda ya gaza tsawon shekaru bakwai. Ta tsara tsarin dandali na kasa don Aiwatar da marayu da yara marasa galihu da kuma kamfen na rashin haƙuri da cin zarafin yara[22].

A shekarar 2004, an sake zabe ta a matsayin mamba a jam'iyyar Muluzi. Bingu wa Mutharika ya zama shugaban kasa. Ko da yake Banda ba 'yar jam'iyyarsa ba ce, Mutharika ya nada ta a matsayin ministar harkokin wajen kasar a shekara ta 2006. Banda ya yi yunkurin sauya amincewar da Malawi ta yi wa halaltacciyar gwamnatin kasar Sin daga jamhuriyar Sin (kan Taiwan) zuwa jamhuriyar jama'ar kasar Sin. kasa; ta yi iƙirarin sauya fasalin zai kawo fa'idar tattalin arziki ga Malawi.[13] A shekarar 2010, kasar Sin ta kammala gina sabon ginin majalisar dokoki a birnin Lilongwe.[25]

Mataimakin Shugaban Kasa (2009-2012)

Banda ya tsaya takarar mataimakin shugaban kasa na jam’iyyar Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) a zaben shugaban kasa na 2009, inda ya tsaya tare da Mutharika, dan takarar shugaban kasa na DPP.[26] Ta kasance mace ta farko mataimakiyar shugabar kasar Malawi. A wani mataki na ba-zata da jam’iyyar DPP ta dauka, an kori Joyce Banda da mataimakiyar shugaba ta biyu Khumbo Kachali a matsayin mataimakan shugabannin jam’iyyar ta DPP a ranar 12 ga Disamba, 2010 saboda ayyukan ‘yan jam’iyya da ba a bayyana ba.[27] A yunƙurin kawar da ita, shugaban ya ci gaba da bai wa Callista Mutharika ayyukan da ta kasance a baya, wanda ya kasance cikin majalisar ministocin a watan Satumba na 2011.[28]. Kotun ta hana Mutharika yunkurin korar ta a matsayin mataimakiyar shugaban kasa bisa dalilan tsarin mulki. Wannan ya hada da yunkurin kwace motar gwamnati da kuma hana ta yin rajistar sabuwar jam’iyyar ta[29][30]. A ranar 8 ga Satumba, 2011, an bar aikin mataimakin shugaban kasa a cikin wani sauyi na majalisar ministoci. Duk da haka, har yanzu ita ce mataimakiyar shugaban kasa ta doka saboda kundin tsarin mulki ya ba da izini.[28] Kakakin jam’iyyar DPP Hetherwick Ntaba ya bukaci ta yi murabus a matsayin mataimakiyar shugaban kasa[31].

Tawaye na DPP

Dangantaka tsakanin Banda da shugaba Bingu wa Mutharika ta yi tsami saboda yunkurin da Mutharika ya yi na sanya dan uwansa Peter Mutharika a matsayin magajinsa[27]. Duk da cewa an kore ta daga mukamin mataimakiyar shugaban jam'iyyar DPP tare da mataimakin shugaban kasa na biyu Khumbo Kachali, amma ta ci gaba da zama mataimakiyar shugaban kasar Malawi kamar yadda kundin tsarin mulkin kasar ya tanada[27]. Wannan matakin ya haifar da ficewa jama'a a cikin jam'iyyar DPP tare da samar da hanyoyin sadarwa wadanda suka goyi bayan takararta na zama shugabar kasar Malawi a babban zaben shekara ta 2014[32]. Jam’iyyar DPP ta musanta cewa an yi murabus din ga jama’a kuma ta dage cewa ‘yan kadan ne kawai.[32]

Jam'iyyar Jama'a

Joyce Banda ita ce ta kafa kuma shugabar jam’iyyar People’s Party, wacce aka kafa a shekarar 2011 bayan da aka kori Banda daga jam’iyyar DPP mai mulki a lokacin da ta ki amincewa da kanin Shugaba Mutharika, Peter Mutharika a matsayin wanda zai gaji shugaban kasa a babban zaben 2014.[33][33][33][34]

Shugaban kasa (2012 - Mayu 2014)

Sauyin mulki

A ranar 5 ga Afrilun 2012, Shugaba Mutharika ya rasu.[35] Bayan mutuwarsa gwamnati ta kasa sanar da jama'a a kan lokaci cewa shugaban ya rasu. Wannan ya haifar da fargabar rikicin tsarin mulki a Malawi.[36][37][38][39]

Kamfanin dillancin labaran Faransa ya ruwaito cewa, tsohon shugaban kasar Malawi Bakili Muluzi ya dage kan "tsarin tsarin mulki", yana mai cewa mataimakin shugaban kasar dole ne ya karbi mulki kai tsaye a karkashin kundin tsarin mulkin kasar. "Ina kira da a samar da tsarin tsarin mulki, domin a ci gaba da zaman lafiya da kwanciyar hankali, dokokin Malawi a fili suke cewa mataimakin shugaban kasa zai karbi ragamar mulki a lokacin da shugaba mai ci ya kasa kara yin mulki. Dole ne mu kauce wa yanayin da ake ciki na rashin zaman lafiya, mu bar mu. mu bi tsarin mulki, ba mu da wani zabi illa bin kundin tsarin mulkin kasar, yana da matukar muhimmanci a samu zaman lafiya da kwanciyar hankali. Kungiyar Lauyoyin Malawi ta tabbatar da cewa a karkashin sashe na 83(4) na kundin tsarin mulkin Malawi, ita ce halastacciyar magajin shugabancin kasar.[40]

A ranar 7 ga Afrilu, majalisar ministocin Malawi ta nemi kotu ta hana Banda zama shugaban kasa. Ita kuma ta kira kwamandan sojojin, Janar Henry Odillo ta waya, ta tambaye ta ko zai tallafa mata. Ya yarda kuma ya ajiye sojoji kewaye da gidanta.[41]

An rantsar da Joyce Banda a ranar 7 ga Afrilu 2012 a matsayin shugabar kasar Malawi, mace ta farko da ta rike mukamin.[42] Babban mai shari’a Lovemore Munlo ne ya jagoranci bikin da aka gudanar a majalisar dokokin kasar da ke Lilongwe[35]. Bayan an rantsar da ita, Banda ta nemi hadin kan kasa. “Ina son dukkan mu mu ci gaba da rayuwa tare da fatan samun hadin kai da hadin kai... Ina fatan za mu tashi tsaye a dunkule, kuma ina fata a matsayinmu na al’umma masu tsoron Allah, mu bar Allah ya zo gabanmu, domin idan har muka samu nasara. ba za mu yi haka ba to mun gaza.” [42]

Kafofin yada labarai na Malawi da na kasa da kasa sun ba da rahoto kan bikin rantsar da Joyce Banda cikin kwanciyar hankali. Sun kira hakan nasara ce ga dimokradiyya. Editan jaridar Sunday Times na Malawi ya ce bikin rantsar da sabon shugaban ya taimaka wajen kafa da tabbatar da al'adun dimokuradiyya a kasar.

Nadin majalisar ministoci da asarar zaben shugaban kasa na 2014

A ranar 26 ga Afrilu, 2012, Shugaba Banda ya zaɓi majalisar ministocinta, wanda ya ƙunshi ministoci 23 da mataimakan ministoci tara. Ta ba wa kanta wasu muhimman ma'aikatun don ƙarfafa ikonta a matsayinta na shugabar ƙasar.[43]

A ranar 10 ga Oktoba 2013, 'yan kwanaki bayan dawowa daga tafiya zuwa Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, Shugaba Joyce Banda ta kori majalisar ministocinta sakamakon badakalar Capital Hill Cashgate.[44][45]A ranar 15 ga Oktoba, an nada sabuwar majalisar ministoci, kuma musamman ministan kudi Ken Lipenga da ministan shari'a Ralph Kasambara an cire su daga majalisar.

A watan Mayun 2014 Joyce Banda ta sha kaye sosai a zaben shugaban kasa. Ta gaza a yunkurin soke zaben. Ba ta halarci rantsar da wanda ya yi nasara, Peter Mutharika ba, amma ta taya shi murna[46]. Ta zauna a wajen Malawi tun daga shekarar 2014. An sanar da sammacin kama ta kan zargin cin hanci da rashawa a lokacin da take shugabancin kasar a ranar 31 ga Yuli 2017, ko da yake ta ci gaba da zama a wajen kasar.[47] Ta musanta zargin kuma ta ce za ta koma ta fuskanci su.[48]

Alakar kasa da kasa

A lokacin mulkin Mutharika, Malawi ta fada cikin mawuyacin hali na tattalin arziki sakamakon dangantakar kasashen waje karkashin gwamnatin Mutharika. A cikin shekarar da ta gabata na shugabancin Mutharika, Birtaniya, Amurka, Jamus, Norway, Tarayyar Turai, Bankin Duniya, da Bankin Raya Afirka duk sun dakatar da tallafin kudi. Sun bayyana damuwarsu game da hare-haren da Mutharika ke kaiwa dimokuradiyya a cikin gida da kuma manufofinsa na rashin gaskiya. A cikin Maris 2012, Mutharika ya gaya wa waɗannan masu ba da gudummawa na waje su "je gidan wuta." Ya zarge su da yunkurin kifar da gwamnatinsa[49]. Wani bangare na kalubalen Banda a matsayinsa na shugaban kasa shi ne maido da huldar diflomasiyya da masu ba da agaji. Ta kuma fuskanci kalubalen maido da huldar diflomasiya da makwabtan Malawi kamar Mozambique, da reshen kasashe masu tasowa irin su Botswana.

A cikin makon farko na shugabancinta, Banda ta kaddamar da farmakin diflomasiyya don gyara dangantakar kasa da kasa ta Malawi.[50] Ta zanta da Henry Bellingham na ofishin kula da harkokin wajen Burtaniya. Ya ba ta tabbacin cewa za a aika sabon jakadan Burtaniya "a cikin kankanin lokaci mai yiwuwa." Ta zanta da sakatariyar harkokin wajen Amurka Hillary Clinton. Clinton ta yi alkawarin ci gaba da tattaunawa kan tallafin makamashi na dala miliyan 350 da wuri-wuri. Banda ya sanar da shirin yin magana da Baroness Ashton ta ofishin kula da harkokin waje na Tarayyar Turai da kuma wakiliyar IMF ta Malawi Ruby Randall. Ita da shugaban Zambiya Michael Sata su ma sun yi shawarwari game da maido da dangantakar aiki ta kud-da-kud.[51]Akalla wani bangare don faranta wa masu hannu da shuni, gwamnatin Banda ta kuma ki amincewa a watan Yunin 2012 don karbar bakuncin taron na Tarayyar Afirka na watan Yuli bisa hujjar AU ta dage cewa a baiwa shugaban Sudan Omar al-Bashir tabbacin cewa Malawi za ta ki yin aiki a kotun hukunta manyan laifuka ta duniya. sammacin kama shi; Majalisar zartarwa ta yanke shawarar cewa ba za a amince da irin wadannan sharuddan ba[51]. Shugaba Banda ya bayyana Forbes a matsayin mace ta 40 mafi girma a duniya, sunan Afirka mafi girma a jerin.[8]

Dokokin Gida[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 18 ga Mayu 2012, Banda ta sanar da aniyarta ta soke dokar da Malawi ta yi na luwadi. An bayyana cewa matakin ya riga ya samu goyon bayan mafi yawan 'yan majalisar. Idan har ta yi nasara, zai sa Malawi ta zama kasa ta biyu a Afirka da ta halatta yin jima'i tun daga 1994.[52] Amnesty International ta ruwaito a farkon Nuwamba 2012 cewa Malawi ta "dakatar da" dokokin da ke aikata laifukan luwadi da madigo kafin kada kuri'a.[53]

Bisa shawarar Asusun Ba da Lamuni na Duniya, a watan Mayu 2012 Banda ya rage darajar kudin Malawi kwacha, wani abu da Mutharika ya ƙi yi. Sanarwar faduwar darajar kwacha da kashi 33 cikin dari idan aka kwatanta da dalar Amurka, yunƙurin jawo hankalin masu ba da taimako, ya sa “siyan firgici” a garuruwan Malawi, in ji BBC News.[54]

Bayan da ta zama shugabar kasa, Banda ta yanke shawarar sayar da jirginta na shugaban kasa tare da ba da gudummawar kashi 30% na albashinta don amfanar majalisar nakasassu ta Malawi[5]. Sai dai ba a kididdige kudaden da aka samu daga sayar da jet din ba. Wani bayani da Joyce Banda ta bayar shi ne cewa an sayar da jirgin ne ga wani kamfanin samar da makamai a kasar Afirka ta Kudu wanda gwamnatin Malawi ke da bashi mai yawa don haka ne aka yi amfani da jirgin wajen cike wannan bashin. Ba a samar da wani takarda ko shaida don tabbatar da wannan iƙirari ba.[55]A ranar 17 ga Janairu, 2013, dubban 'yan Malawi sun yi zanga-zanga a Blantyre don nuna adawa da hauhawar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki bayan Banda, tare da shugabar IMF Christine Lagarde, ta kare rage darajar kwacha kuma ta ce ba za ta janye shawarar ba.[56][57]

Ƙaddamarwar Shugaban Ƙasa

Shugaba Banda ta nuna tsayin daka kan kula da lafiyar mata da kuma haifuwa, musamman ta hanyar goyon bayanta na samar da lafiya ga uwa a Malawi. Ta nuna goyon bayanta ta hanyar kafa shirin shugaban kasa kan lafiyar mata da lafiyar uwa. A cikin shekaru biyu kacal, wannan Initiative ya nuna raguwar adadin mace-macen mata masu juna biyu daga mutuwar 675 a cikin 100,000 masu rai zuwa mutuwar 460 a cikin 100,000 masu rai[5].

Tuta

Babban labarin: Tutar Malawi

Tutar Kasar Malawi

Bayan da gwamnatin Mutharika ta sauya tutar a shekara ta 2010, an samu adawa da jama'a. Kungiyoyin da dama sun kalubalanci sahihancin tutar. A ranar 28 ga Mayu, 2012, Banda ya jagoranci 'yan majalisar dokokin kasar don kada kuri'ar mayar da tuta ga tutar 'yancin kai, wadda tun farko aka amince da ita a shekarar 1964. Duk jam'iyyu, ban da DPP, sun kada kuri'ar amincewa da komawa kan tutar 'yancin kai.[58]

Rayuwa bayan shugaban kasa

Banda ya zauna a gudun hijira na kansa a Amurka a matsayin fitaccen ɗan'uwa a Cibiyar Woodrow Wilson da Cibiyar Ci Gaban Duniya na tsawon shekaru uku, kafin ya koma Malawi a cikin 2018.[59]. Har ya zuwa yau, ba a gurfanar da Banda a hukumance a hukumance ba.

Banda ta shiga zaben shugaban kasa a 2019 a matsayin ‘yar takarar jam’iyyar People’s Party, amma ta janye takararta watanni biyu kafin zaben;[60] daga baya ta amince da dan takarar adawa Lazarus Chakwera.[61][62]Bayan da aka soke zaben shugaban kasa na 2019, ta sake amincewa da Chakwera a sake zaben 2020. An nada dan Banda Roy Kahele-Banda a cikin majalisar ministocin Chakwera a matsayin ministan masana'antu.

Gidauniyar Joyce Banda

Kafin ta zama mataimakiyar shugabar kasa, ita ce ta kafa kuma Shugaba na Gidauniyar Joyce Banda.[63] don ingantacciyar Ilimi, gidauniyar agaji da ke taimaka wa yara da marayu na Malawi ta hanyar ilimi. Rukunin makarantun firamare da sakandare ne a yankin Chimwankhunda na Blantyre. Ya hada da cibiyar kula da marayu wadda ta kunshi cibiyoyi shida da yara 600.[64] Har ila yau, tana taimaka wa kauyukan da ke kewaye ta hanyar ba da bashi ga mata 40 da kungiyoyin matasa 10. Ta bayar da iri ga manoma sama da 10,000 sannan ta bayar da wasu tallafi. Gidauniyar ta gina asibitoci hudu a kauyuka hudu daga cikin 200 da take taimakawa. Gidauniyar ta kuma taimaka wajen bunkasar karkara. Yana da haɗin gwiwa tare da Jack Brewer Foundation, tushen ci gaban duniya wanda tauraron NFL, Jack Brewer ya kafa.[65]

Ƙungiyar Matan Kasuwanci ta ƙasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Banda ita ce ta kafa Ƙungiyar Matan Kasuwanci ta Ƙasa a Malawi da aka kafa a cikin 1990. Gidauniyar mara riba ce mai rijista a Malawi.[66]Kungiyar na da burin fitar da mata daga kangin talauci ta hanyar karfafa musu gwiwa da karfafa su ta fuskar tattalin arziki[67]. Wannan dandalin sada zumunta ne na mata 30,000, wanda aka sadaukar domin tallafa wa sana’o’in mata da tallafa wa mata masu son shiga harkokin kasuwanci. Ayyukansa sun haɗa da horar da kasuwanci, horar da fasaha, rikodin rikodi da ƙwarewar gudanarwa.[68] Suna aiki don samar da tattaunawa da masu tsara manufofi don samar da manufofi masu dacewa ga mata masu kasuwanci.[69] Darakta a yanzu ita ce Mary Malunga.[70] Gidauniyar tana da haɗin gwiwa tare da Cibiyar Haɗin gwiwar Bil Adama ta Haɗin Kai (Hivos) a Hague tun daga 2003.[71]

Ayyukan agaji da ci gaba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Banda ya tsunduma cikin ayyuka da yawa na asali tare da mata tun yana da shekaru 25 don kawo sauyin siyasa, musamman a fannin ilimi. Ta kafa gidauniyar Joyce Banda don ingantaccen ilimi. Ta kafa kungiyar Matasan Shugabannin Matasa, Kungiyar Matan Kasuwanci ta Kasa da Aikin Yunwa a Malawi. Ta (tare da Shugaba Joaquim Chissano na Mozambique) an ba ta lambar yabo ta Afirka ta 1997 don Jagoranci don Dorewar Ƙarshen Yunwar, wata ƙungiya mai zaman kanta ta New York. Ta yi amfani da kuɗin da aka ba da kyautar don tallafawa gina gidauniyar Joyce Banda ga yara[66]. A shekara ta 2006, ta sami lambar yabo ta kasa da kasa don Lafiya da Mutuncin Mata saboda sadaukarwar da ta yi na kare hakkin matan Malawi daga Asusun Kididdigar Jama'a na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.[22]

Ta yi aiki a matsayin kwamishiniyar "Bridging a World Divided" tare da mutane irin su Bishop Desmond Tutu, da kuma Kwamishinan 'Yancin Dan Adam na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, Mary Robinson.[14]Banda ya kasance memba na Hukumar Ba da Shawarwari don Ilimi a Washington DC, kuma a kan hukumar ba da shawara ga Tarayyar Zaman Lafiya da Ƙaunar Duniya a Taiwan (China).[14]

A wani mataki na gwamnati kan matakan tsuke bakin aljihu a watan Oktoban 2012, Banda ta rage albashinta da kashi 30%. Ta kuma sanar da cewa za a sayar da jirgin shugaban kasa[71].

Majalisar Shugabannin Duniya don Lafiyar Haihuwa

A cikin 2010, Banda ya zama memba na Majalisar Shugabannin Duniya don Kiwon Lafiyar Haihuwa, [72] rukuni na zama goma sha shida da tsoffin shugabannin kasa, manyan masu tsara manufofi da sauran shugabannin da suka himmatu wajen inganta lafiyar haihuwa don ci gaba mai dorewa da wadata.[72]Shugabar tsohuwar shugabar kasar Ireland Mary Robinson, waɗannan shugabannin suna ƙoƙarin tattara ra'ayin siyasa da albarkatun kuɗi da ake bukata don cimma damar samun damar kiwon lafiyar haihuwa a duniya nan da shekarar 2015 - muhimmiyar manufa na muradun karni na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.[72]

Yabo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lambar yabo na gida[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Woman of the Year, Malawi, 1997[14]
  • Woman of the Year, Malawi, 1998[14]
  • Nyasa Times Multimedia 'Person of the Year', 2010[69]

Lambar yabo na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Martin Luther King Drum Major Award, 2012, Washington DC[68]
  • Legends Award for Leadership, 2012, Greater African Methodist Episcopal Church[58]
  • Women of Substance Award, 2010, African Women Development Fund[59]
  • Africa Prize for Leadership for the Sustainable End of Hunger, 1997, Hunger Project of NY[14]
  • International award for entrepreneurship development, 1998, Africa Federation of Woman Entrepreneurs and Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)[14]
  • 100 Heroines award, 1998, Rochester, New York[14]
  • Certificate of Honors, 2001, Federation of World Peace and Love, Taiwan, Republic of China[14]

Girmamawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Most powerful woman in the world 2014, Forbes Magazine – rank #40[8]
  • Most powerful woman in the world 2013, Forbes Magazine – rank #47
  • Most powerful woman in the world 2012, Forbes Magazine – rank #71
  • Most powerful woman in Africa 2012, Forbes Magazine – rank #1
  • Most powerful woman in Africa 2011, Forbes Magazine – rank #3

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Don Karin Karatu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kim Yi Dionne, Boniface Dulani (January 2013). "Constitutional provisions and executive succession: Malawi's 2012 transition in comparative perspective". African Affairs. 112 (446): 111–137.doi:10.1093/afraf/ads067. JSTOR 23357150

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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  2. https://mwnation.com/ew%E2%80%99s-big-interview-joyce-banda/
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20120415140346/http://www.peoples-party-malawi.org/ http://www.peoples-party-malawi.org/
  4. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-17644009
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  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 https://www.forbes.com/power-women/list/#tab:overall
  9. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-29758792
  10. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-17662916
  11. https://web.archive.org/web/20120414023610/http://www.nyasatimes.com/malawi/2012/04/12/malawian-president-quietly-celebrates-62nd-birthday/
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