Kungiyar Daraja ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya

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Wikidata.svgKungiyar Daraja ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya
tuta
Four Freedoms Flag or United Nations Honour Flag ca 1943-1948.svg

Tutar Daraja ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (wanda kuma ake kira da Tutar na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, Tutar Daraja, ko Tutar 'Yanci Hudu, tare da maimaita rubutun "Daraja" kuma an yi amfani da shi) wata tuta ce da ke alaƙa da Kawancen Yaƙin Duniya na II da kuma burinsu na zaman lafiya a duniya. An tsara shi a watan Oktoba 1942 ta Brooks Harding (wanda Franklin D. Roosevelt ya gabatar da jawabi game da 'Yanci huɗu na Janairu 1941), kuma yana da ɗan matakin amfani a matsayin tuta daga 13 Yuni 1943 zuwa c. 1948 don wakiltar "Majalisar Dinkin Duniya" a ma'anar sanarwar ta Janairu 1942 ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. Koyaya, bai taɓa zama tutar hukuma ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a matsayin ƙungiya ba (wacce aka kafa a 1945, kuma ta karɓi tuta daban ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a 1946).

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hoton sojojin 1943 na tutar Amurka da tutar darajawa

Brooks B. Harding (1896-1959), Ba'amurke,[1] ya yi sanannen shugaban Amurka Franklin Delano Roosevelt da Firayim Ministan Biritaniya Winston Churchill a cikin Disamba 1941 ta hanyar gabatar da kowannensu da alamar Nasara ta V da ke cikin fata tare da taken taken Cikakkiyar Nasara ta hanyar isar da ita a Fadar White House a lokacin da Churchill ya kasance a Amurka don taron Arcadia don sanya hannu kan sanarwar ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. Amincewar Churchill ga Harding ya lura da buƙatar alama ce ta lokacin Allies.[2] A watan Oktoba 1942, Harding ya yi tattaki zuwa Washington, DC tare da zane zane shida. A ganawarsa a Ma’aikatar Harkokin Wajen Amurka, ya koyi cewa tunda babu kwamitin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da zai gabatar da kayansa, dole ne ya samu amincewa daga dukkan kasashe 29 da suka sanya hannu a daidaiku. Bayan ganawa da Dr. Vladimir Palic, Sakatare na Farko na Ofishin Jakadancin Czechoslovakian, wani takamaiman tsari guda daya da ke dauke da sanduna hudu an kuduri aniyar zama dan takarar da ya dace a gabatar. Duk ƙasashe 29 daga baya sun yarda da zanen sandar tsaye huɗu. Koyaya, tutar ta yanke shawarar kada a yi amfani da ita azaman alamar kungiyar, amma maimakon haka alama ce ta mutane da gwamnatoci. An yi jigilarsa a Dumbarton Oaks a watan Yunin 1943 a gaban mahalarta sojan Majalisar Dinkin Duniya daga dukkan ofisoshin jakadancin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya cikin cikakke. Har ila yau, an yi tutar darajawa a ko'ina cikin Washington a gine-gine masu zaman kansu a watan Agusta 1943 a lokacin makon Yarjejeniyar Atlantika, inda kuma ta tashi a matsayin tuta ta biyu zuwa alamun ƙasa a duk lokacin yaƙin. Sannu a hankali yana tashi zuwa ƙarin ofisoshin gwamnati kuma an rarraba shi zuwa Majalisar Dinkin Duniya daban-daban, kuma an karɓe shi a hukumance a cikin ƙasashe da yawa farawa da New Zealand. Ta hanyar motsi a majalisar dattijan Amurka, an kafa tutar a dubban garuruwa don bikin Ranar V-E. A taron Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Kungiyar Kasa da Kasa, inda akwai wata zinare na zinare, an sauya sandunan jan da zinare, yayin da wasu kasashe suka fi son sanduna masu launin kore da shudi.[3]

Karin sunaye sun haɗa da Tutar Abokai, Tutar 'Yanci, Tutar wauna, Tutar' Yanci Hudu.[4] Ana ɗaukarta azaman alama ce ta liedungiyar Hadin gwiwar Yaƙin Duniya na II. An jera tutar a Dictionary na Vexillology na kan layi a "HONOR (ko HONOR) Flag" tare da ma'anar farko mai zuwa "Tutar, yanzu ta tsufa, wacce aka zaba don wakiltar waɗannan ƙasashe waɗanda ke aiki da zaman lafiya a duniya kafin kafuwar Kungiyar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, kuma a hukumance/rabi hukumance (musamman, amma ba kawai a Amurka ba) daga 1943 zuwa c1948 - tutar yanci huɗu."[5]

Bayar da Tutar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya
Tutar da aka karba na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya


Tutar Girmama ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta kasance a matsayin asalin don shawarar tutar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta 1947 wanda ya hada da hatimin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. Siffar ƙarshe ta Tutar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi amfani da bangon shuɗi mai haske. Harding ya gabatar da shawara don "Tutar Hukumar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya" ga Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a ranar 20 ga Janairun 1947 wanda ya hada hatimin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da kuma Tutar 'Yancin Hudu da ta gabata. An janye wannan shawarar a watan Agusta 1947.

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Here's the inside story on the most famous flag you've never heard of" by John Kelly, The Washington Post, 13 June 2016
  2. Sitgreaves, Marguerite (1948). "A Brief History of the Honour Flag". World Flag Encyclopedia: All World and Regional Flags Featuring Honor Flag Development 1942-1947 (First (second printing) ed.). pp. 11–15. OCLC 975401.
  3. Sitgreaves, Marguerite (1948). "A Brief History of the Honour Flag". World Flag Encyclopedia: All World and Regional Flags Featuring Honor Flag Development 1942-1947 (First (second printing) ed.). pp. 11–15. OCLC 975401.
  4. United Nations Honor Flag Committee (1948). World Flag Encyclopedia: All World and Regional Flags Featuring Honor Flag Development 1942-1947 (First (second printing) ed.). p. 7. OCLC 975401.
  5. "Dictionary of Vexillology: HONOUR (or HONOR) FLAG". Flags of the World. Retrieved 11 July 2011.