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Kuwaiti (birni)

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Kuwaiti
الكويت (ar)


Wuri
Map
 29°22′30″N 47°58′48″E / 29.375°N 47.98°E / 29.375; 47.98
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaKuwait
Babban birnin
Kuwait (1961–)
Sheikhdom of Kuwait (en) Fassara (–1961)
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 2,989,000 (2018)
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Kuwait
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Persian Gulf (en) Fassara da Kuwait Bay (en) Fassara
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
UTC+03:00 (en) Fassara

Birnin Kuwaiti[1] (da Larabci: مدينة الكويت) birni ne, da ke a ƙasar Kuwaiti. Shi ne babban birnin ƙasar Kuwaiti. Kuwaiti yana da yawan jama'a kimanin 2,200,000 bisa ga jimillar shekarar 2020. An gina birnin Kuwaiti a shekara ta 1613.

Ana zaune a tsakiyar kasar a kudu maso gabar Kuwait Bay a kan Tekun Fasha, ita ce cibiyar siyasa, al'adu da tattalin arziki na masarautar, wacce ke dauke da Fadar Seif ta Kuwait, ofisoshin gwamnati, da hedkwatar mafi yawan kamfanoni da bankunan Kuwaiti. Yana daya daga cikin birane mafi zafi a lokacin rani a duniya, tare da matsakaicin yanayin zafi sama da 45 °C (113 °F) na wata uku na shekara.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1613, an kafa garin Kuwait a cikin birnin Kuwait na zamani a matsayin ƙauyen kamun kifi da masunta ke zaune. A cikin 1716, Bani Utubs suka zauna a Kuwait. [2] A lokacin zuwan Utubs, wasu ƴan masunta ne ke zaune a Kuwait kuma galibi suna aiki a matsayin ƙauyen kamun kifi . A karni na sha takwas, Kuwait ta ci gaba kuma cikin sauri ta zama babbar cibiyar kasuwanci don jigilar kayayyaki tsakanin Indiya, Muscat, Baghdad da Larabawa . A tsakiyar 1700s, Kuwait ta riga ta kafa kanta a matsayin babbar hanyar kasuwanci daga Tekun Fasha zuwa Aleppo . [3]

A lokacin da Farisa suka kewaye Basra a cikin 1775-1779, 'yan kasuwa na Iraki sun sami mafaka a Kuwait kuma sun kasance wani ɓangare na fadada ayyukan gine-gine da kasuwanci na Kuwait. [4] Sakamakon haka, kasuwancin tekun Kuwait ya habaka. Tsakanin shekarun 1775 zuwa 1779, an karkatar da hanyoyin kasuwancin Indiya tare da Baghdad, Aleppo, Smyrna da Constantinople zuwa Kuwait. An karkatar da Kamfanin Gabashin Indiya zuwa Kuwait a cikin 1792. Kamfanin Gabashin Indiya ya tsare hanyoyin teku tsakanin Kuwait, Indiya da Gabashin Gabashin Afirka. Bayan janyewar Farisa daga Basra a 1779, Kuwait ta ci gaba da jan hankalin kasuwanci daga Basra. [5]

Kuwait ita ce cibiyar ginin kwale-kwale a yankin Tekun Fasha. A karshen karni na goma sha takwas da na sha tara, jiragen ruwa da aka yi a Kuwait sun dauki nauyin ciniki tsakanin tashar jiragen ruwa na Indiya, Gabashin Afirka da kuma Bahar Maliya. Tasoshin jiragen ruwa na Kuwait sun shahara a ko'ina cikin Tekun Indiya. Rikicin yanki na yanki ya taimaka wajen haɓaka ci gaban tattalin arziki a Kuwait a rabin na biyu na ƙarni na 18. Kuwait ta sami wadata saboda rashin zaman lafiyar Basra a ƙarshen karni na 18. [6] A karshen karni na 18, Kuwait wani bangare ya yi aiki a matsayin mafaka ga 'yan kasuwar Basra da suka tsere daga zaluncin gwamnatin Ottoman . [7] A cewar Palgrave, Kuwaiti sun sami suna a matsayin mafi kyawun jirgin ruwa a Tekun Fasha.

A lokacin mulkin Mubarak Al-Sabah, an yi wa Kuwait lakabi da " Marseilles na Gulf" saboda karfin tattalin arzikinta ya jawo hankalin mutane iri-iri. [8] A cikin shekarun farko na karni na ashirin, Kuwait tana da ƙwararrun ƙwararrun mutane: iyalai masu arziƙi waɗanda ke da alaƙa da aure kuma suna da muradun tattalin arziki. [9]

Hotuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Sunayen Ƙasashe da Manyan Birane, BBC.
  2. The World's Cities in 2018. Data Booklet (PDF), United Nations, retrieved 29 March 2021
  3. Constancy and Change in Contemporary Kuwait City: The Socio-cultural Dimensions of the Kuwait Courtyard and Diwaniyya. 2009. p. 64. ISBN 9781109229349. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015.
  4. https://books.google.com/books?id=R0NH1CbXf24C&pg=PA66[permanent dead link]
  5. Bennis, Phyllis; Moushabeck, Michel (31 December 1990). Beyond the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader
  6. Thabit Abdullah (2001). Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth-Century Basra
  7. M. Nijhoff (1974). Bijdragen tot de taal-, land- en volkenkunde, Volume 130
  8. Peoples and Cultures of the Middle East: Cultural depth and diversity. 1970. p. 156. The port of Kuwait was then, and is still, the principal dhow- building and trading port of the Persian Gulf, though offering little trade itself.
  9. Donaldson, Neil (2008). The Postal Agencies in Eastern Arabia and the Gulf. p. 93. ISBN 9781409209423