Bagdaza

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Globe icon.svg Bagdaza
Flag of Iraq.svg Irak
فندق بغداد روتانا.jpg
Administration (en) Fassara
Sovereign state (en) FassaraIrak
Governorate of Iraq (en) FassaraBaghdad Governorate (en) Fassara
babban birniBagdaza
Shugaban gwamnati Zekra Alwach (en) Fassara
Official name (en) Fassara بغداد
Native label (en) Fassara بغداد
Lambar akwatun gidan waya 10001–10090
Labarin ƙasa
Baguda-doken.svg
 33°21′N 44°25′E / 33.35°N 44.42°E / 33.35; 44.42
Yawan fili 204.2 km²
Altitude (en) Fassara 34 m
Demography (en) Fassara
Yawan jama'a 6,960,000 inhabitants (2016)
Population density (en) Fassara 34,084.23 inhabitants/km²
Other (en) Fassara
Foundation 762
Time zone (en) Fassara UTC+03:00 (en) Fassara
Twin town (en) Fassara Amman (en) Fassara, Berut, Kairo, Damascus, Sana'a (en) Fassara, Tehran, Jeddah, Concord (en) Fassara, Rabat, Pavlodar (en) Fassara, Pyongyang da Dubai (birni)
amanatbaghdad.gov.iq

Birnin Bagdaza ko Baghdad (lafazi ˈ|bæg|dæd|,_|bəg|ˈ|dæd; larabci|بغداد |bagh|ˈ|daad) itace babban birnin kasar Iraq. Adadin yawan al'umman Baghdad, sunkai kusan miliyan takwas da dubu Dari bakwai da sittin da biyar (8,765,000), Template:Refn haka yasa tazama gari mafi yawan al'umma a kasar Iraq, kuma birni na biyu a yawan Mutane a Kasashen Larabawa (bayan Birnin alkahira, Egypt), kuma birni na biyu a Yammacin Asiya (bayan Tehran, Iran).

Tana nan ne a kusa da Tigris River, an samarda da birnin ne tun daga karni na 8th kuma tazama babban birnin Daular Abbasiya. A Dan kankanin lokaci bayan kafa birnin, Baghdad tazama wani muhimmin cibiyar al'adu, kasuwanci, da kuma zama cibiyar ilimi a tsakanin Kasashen Musulmi. Haka, da Karin samarda manya manyan shahararrun makarantun kamar (misali., Gidan Hikima), yasa birnin tasamu suna na zama "Cibiyar koyon Ilimi".

Baghdad takasance babban birni a Middle Ages na yawancin lokutan zamanin Abbasiya, da yawan al'umma dasuka kai kimanin sama da miliyan a waccan lokaci.[1] Birnin yakasance babban tarwatsewa a hannun Mongol Empire a 1258, wanda ya haifar da faduwa da raguwa acikin zamunai da dama. Bayan samun yancin Iraq (bayan kasancewarta British Mandate of Mesopotamia) a 1938, Baghdad tasake farfadowa a matsayin ta na cibiyar Al'adun Larabawa.

A wannan zamanin Birnin Bagdaza ta fuskanci tasgaro da lalace lalacen gine-gine da kone-kone, saboda 2003 invasion of Iraq, da yakunan da suka rika biyo baya Yakin Iraq wanda yakaiga har zuwa watan December 2011. A wadannan shekaru, Birnin yatasamun farmaki daga insurgency. Yakin yahaifar da lalacewar substantial loss of cultural heritage and historical artifacts kamar su. A shekara ta 2012, ansanya Baghdad acikin mafi rashin kyawun wurin zama da mutum zai rayu aciki a duniya,[2] kuma ansanya ta daga Mercer a matsayin mafi lalacew na 221 na manyan birane akan ingancin rayuwa.[3]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Largest Cities Through History". Geography.about.com. 2011-04-06. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 2011-06-19. 
  2. Inocencio, Ramy (4 December 2012). "What city has world's best quality of life?". CNN. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. 
  3. "The Central African Republic: On the brink". Archived from the original on 13 October 2017.