Li Qingzhao

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Li Qingzhao
Li Qingzhao statue.JPG
Statue of Li Qingzhao in the Li Qingzhao Memorial, Zhangqiu District, Jinan
Sunan yanka 李清照
Haihuwa 1084
Jinan, Shandong, China
Mutuwa Template:Death year and age
Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China
Aiki Poet, essayist
Notable work Jīn Shí Lù
Su Yu Ci
Uwar gida(s)
  • Zhao Mingcheng
  • Zhang Ruzhou
Iyaye(s) Li Gefei (father)
Template:Infobox Chinese

 

Li Qingzhao ( Chinese  ; 1084 – c. 1155, – c. ), pseudonym Mai gidan Yi'an (易安居士), ya kasance mawaƙin Sinawa kuma marubuci a lokacin daular Song . [1] An dauke ta daya daga cikin manyan mawaka a tarihin kasar Sin.

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Li Qingzhao, mai zanen daular Qing Jiang Xun (1764-1821).
Tunawa da Li Qingzhao a lambun bazara na Baotu a Jinan

An haifi Li Qingzhao a shekara ta 1084, a Zhangqiu dake lardin Shandong na zamani. An haife ta ga dangin manyan malamai, kuma mahaifinta dalibi ne na Su Shi . Iyalin suna da tarin littattafai, kuma Li ta sami damar samun cikakken ilimi a lokacin ƙuruciyarta. Tun tana ƙarami, ta kasance mai yawan son mace ga dangi daga dangi mai ilimi.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Kafin ta yi aure, an riga an san waƙar ta a cikin fitattun mawaka. A shekarar 1101 ta auri Zhao Mingcheng, wanda ta raba abubuwan sha'awa cikin tarin zane -zane da zane -zane . Sun rayu a Shandong na yanzu. Bayan mijinta ya fara aikinsa na yau da kullun, galibi baya zuwa. Ba su da arziƙi musamman amma sun more jin daɗin tattara rubuce -rubuce a zane wanda ya sa rayuwarsu ta yau da kullun ta kasance kuma suna rayuwa cikin farin ciki tare. Wannan ya zaburar da wasu wakokin soyayya da ta rubuta. Li da mijinta sun tattara littattafai da yawa. Sun raba soyayya da waka kuma sau da yawa suna rubuta wakoki ga juna tare da yin rubutu game da kayayyakin tagulla na daular Shang da Zhou .

A Arewancin Song babban birnin kasar na Kaifeng fadi a 1127 zuwa Jurchens a lokacin da Ƴaƙin Song . An yi fada a Shandong kuma an kone gidansu. Ma'auratan sun kwace kayansu da yawa lokacin da suka tsere zuwa Nanjing, inda suka zauna tsawon shekara guda. Zhao ya mutu a cikin 1129 yayin da yake kan hanyar zuwa mukamin hukuma. Mutuwar mijinta mummunan rauni ne wanda Li bai warke ba. Daga nan ya rage mata ta kiyaye abin da ya saura na tarin su. Li ta bayyana rayuwar aurenta da rudanin tashin jirgin a cikin Bayan Magana ga aikin da mijinta ya buga bayan mutuwarsa, Jīn Shí Lù (金石錄). Waƙarta ta baya tana nuna kwanakin rashin kulawa a matsayin mace mai yawan jama'a, kuma tana da kyan gani.

Daga baya Li ya zauna a Hangzhou, inda gwamnatin Song ta yi sabon babban birnin ta bayan yaƙin Jurchen. A wannan lokacin, ta ci gaba da rubuta waƙa. Ta kuma ci gaba da aiki don kammala littafin Jīn Shí Lù, wanda asalinsa Zhao Mingcheng ya rubuta. Littafin ya fi mayar da hankali ne akan rubutun kira na tagulla da duwatsu: ya kuma ambaci takardun da Li da Zhao suka tattara kuma aka gani a farkon lokacin. A cewar wasu asusun zamani, ta auri wani mutum mai suna Zhang Ruzhou (張汝舟) wanda ya wulaƙanta ta, kuma ta sake shi cikin watanni. [2] Ta tsira daga sukar wannan aure.

Kimanin waƙoƙi ɗari ne kawai aka sani da tsira, galibi a cikin sigar ci kuma suna bin diddigin nasarorin da suka bambanta a rayuwa. Hakanan wasu waƙoƙi kaɗan a cikin sigar shi sun tsira, Bayan Magana da nazarin nau'in na waƙoƙi. Rayuwarta cike take da juyi da juyi kuma ana iya raba wakokinta zuwa manyan sassa biyu - layin rarrabuwa shine lokacin da ta koma kudu. A farkon lokacin, yawancin waƙoƙin ta suna da alaƙa da yadda take ji a matsayin budurwa. Sun kasance kamar wakokin soyayya. Bayan matsayinta zuwa kudu, suna da alaƙa da ƙiyayya da yaƙin yaƙi da Jurchen da kishin ƙasa. An ba ta lambar yabo ta farko mai cikakken bayani game da ma'aunin waƙoƙin Sinawa. An ɗauke ta a matsayin maigidan wǎnyuē pài (婉约派) "taƙaitaccen ƙuntatawa".

Nassoshi na Zamani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wasu ramuka biyu masu tasiri, Li Ch'ing-Chao a duniyar Mercury da Li Qingzhao a duniyar Venus, an sanya mata suna.

'Ru Meng Ling' [3] da 'Sheng Sheng Man' [4] an saita su zuwa kiɗa a matsayin wani ɓangare na waƙar waƙoƙin 'Abun tunawa a kasar Sin' daga mawaki Johan Famaey a cikin 2011.

A cikin 2017, mawaƙin Karol Beffa ya rubuta daɗaɗa wakokin ta na sin (Klarthe), inda ya saita waƙoƙin ta guda huɗu zuwa kiɗa.[ana buƙatar hujja] Kogin taurari, labari na Guy Gavriel Kay wanda aka kafa a Daular Song China, ya ƙunshi babban ɗan wasan kwaikwayo wanda Li Qingzhao ya yi wahayi, kamar yadda marubucin ya yarda a cikin littafin.

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Chang, Kang-i Sun; Saussy, Haun; Kwong, Charles Yim-tze (1999). Women Writers of Traditional China: An Anthology of Poetry and Criticism. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3231-4.
  • Li Ch’ing-chao (1980), Li Ch'ing-chao: Complete Poems, translated by Rexroth, Kenneth; Chung, Ling, New Directions, ISBN 0811207455.
  • Kang Zhen (2011), 康震评说李清照 [Zhen Kang's Comments on Li Qingzhao] (in Harshen Sinanci), Zhonghua Book Company, ISBN 9787101059489.

Kara karantawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]