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Mauritius rupee

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Mauritius rupee
kuɗi da rupee (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙasa Moris
Currency symbol description (en) Fassara Rs (en) Fassara
Central bank/issuer (en) Fassara Bank of Mauritius (en) Fassara
Lokacin farawa 1877
Unit symbol (en) Fassara
Mauritian rupees 100.

Mauritius rupee ( alamar : Re (maɗaukaki) da Rs (jam'i); ISO code : MUR ; pronounced [ʁupi] ) kudin kasar Mauritius . Rupi ɗaya yana rarraba zuwa cents dari 100. Ana kuma kiran wasu kudade da yawa rupee .

Tsabar kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin shekara ta alif dubu daya da dari takwas da saba’in da bakwai 1877, an gabatar da tsabar kudi na 1, 2, 5, 10 da 20, tare da ƙananan ƙungiyoyi uku a cikin tagulla, biyu mafi girma a azurfa. Samar da tsabar kudin ya ƙare a cikin shekara ta alif dubu daya da dari takwas da casa’in da tara 1899 kuma bai sake farawa ba har zuwa 1911, tare da tsabar azurfa ba a sake samar da su ba har zuwa 1934, lokacin da Re.   Re.   Re. 1/- an gabatar da tsabar kudi. A cikin 1947, an gabatar da cents 10 na cupro-nickel, tare da cupro-nickel ya maye gurbin azurfa a 1950.

Mauritius 20c Coin

A cikin 1971 an gabatar da sabon saitin tsabar kudi da takardun banki ta Royal Mint. Wannan saitin yana da Sarauniya Elizabeth ta II akan faifai da kewayon dalilai na sheda a baya. Christopher Ironside OBE ne ya tsara wasu daga cikin ƙirar baya na wannan saitin wanda ya haɗa da Rs. 10/-, Rs. 200/- da Rs. 250/- (fitar 1988).

A cikin 1987, an gabatar da sabon jerin tsabar kudi wanda, a karon farko, bai nuna hoton sarki ba (Mauritius bai zama jamhuriya ba sai 1992) amma na Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam . Wannan tsabar kudin ta ƙunshi ƙarfe-plated-karfe 1c da 5c (5c ya ragu sosai a girman), nickel-plated-steel 20c da Re.   da kuma kofi-nickel Re. 1/- da Rs. 5/- . Cupro-nickel Rs. 10/- an gabatar da su a cikin 1997. Tsabar kudi a halin yanzu suna yawo sune 5c, 20c, Re.  , Re. 1/-, Rs. 5/-, Rs. 10/- da Rs. 20/-. Tsabar kudi a kasa Re. 1/- a cikin ƙimar ana ɗaukar su azaman ƙarami-canji. Ba a ganin tsabar kuɗin 1c a cikin yawo shekaru da yawa, kuma jerin ƙarshe na 1 cent tsabar kudi da aka bayar a 1987 ana ganin su ne kawai a matsayin kayan tattarawa.

A shekarar 2007, wani bi-metallic Rs. 20/- an fitar da tsabar kuɗi don tunawa da cika shekaru 40 na Bankin Mauritius, kuma wannan ya zama tsabar kuɗi a gabaɗaya.

Takardun kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Rs 10/- bayanin banki, Gwamnatin Mauritius, 1930. An nuna shi a gidan tarihi na British Museum da ke Landan

Gwamnati ta ba da takardun banki na farko mai kwanan wata 1876 a cikin ƙungiyoyin Rs. 5/-, Rs. 10/- da Rs. 50/-. Re. 1/- An ƙara takardun banki a cikin 1919. A cikin 1940, an yi abubuwan gaggawa na 25c da 50c da Re. 1/-. A 1954, Rs. 25/- da Rs. 1,000/- an gabatar da su.

An kafa bankin kasar Mauritius ne a watan Satumban 1967 a matsayin babban bankin kasar kuma shi ne ke da alhakin samar da takardun kudi da tsabar kudi tun lokacin. Bankin ya ba da bayanansa na farko a cikin 1967, wanda ya ƙunshi ƙungiyoyi huɗu: Rs. 5/-, Rs. 10/-, Rs. 25/-, da Rs. 50/-, duk ba su daɗe ba kuma suna nuna hoton Sarauniya Elizabeth ta II akan ƙetare. A cikin shekarun da suka gabata, an yi wa wasu majami'u kwaskwarima da sabbin sa hannun Gwamnan Bankin da Manajan Darakta amma ba a canza su ba.

1967 "Elizabeth II" Batun
Hoto darika Banda Juya baya
[1] Rs 5/- Sarauniya Elizabeth II Abin tunawa da ke nuna saukowa na Dutch a bay na Grand Port (1598), jirgin ruwa
Rs 10/- Gidan Gwamnati, Port Louis
[2] Rs 25/- Katin birjik
Rs 50/- Port Louis Harbor

A cikin 1985, Bankin Mauritius ya fitar da sabon saitin takardun banki na Rs. 5/-, Rs. 10/-, Rs. 20/-, Rs. 50/-, Rs. 100/-, Rs. 200/-, Rs. 500/- da Rs. 1,000/-. Binciken kud da kud na waɗannan takardun kuɗi yana nuna ɗimbin ɓangarori masu ban sha'awa waɗanda kamfanoni biyu na bugu na banki (Bradbury Wilkinson da Thomas de La Rue) suka buga. An kuma tsara takardun banki a lokuta daban-daban saboda akwai wasu ƙa'idodi iri ɗaya kuma daidaitattun fasalulluka waɗanda ke bayyana akan duk ƙungiyoyin. Daban-daban tsarin ƙididdige adadin kuɗin banki, nau'ikan zaren tsaro daban-daban, bambancin ƙira da girman Coat of Arms na Mauritius, bugu na latent ultraviolet daban-daban, bambance-bambancen da ba su dace ba a cikin girman haɓaka tsakanin ƙungiyoyin da nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan kaɗan ne kawai daga cikin bambance-bambancen. . Wannan batu ya kasance har zuwa 1998.

A cikin 1998, Bankin Mauritius ya yi wani sabon batu na takardun kudi wanda ya ƙunshi ƙungiyoyi 7, wato. Rs 25/-, Rs. 50/-, Rs. 100/-, Rs. 200/-, Rs. 500/-, Rs. 1,000/- da Rs. 2,000/-. Waɗannan takardun kuɗi suna da daidaitaccen tsari kuma an ba su duka a lokaci ɗaya a cikin Nuwamba 1998. Thomas de la Rue Limited ne ya buga duk takardun kuɗin wannan fitowar a Ingila. An cire waɗannan takardun banki na farko daga rarrabawa a cikin watan Yuni 1999 bayan takaddama saboda odar rubutun (Turanci, Sanskrit, Tamil) kamar yadda aka ce al'ummar Tamil sun isa Mauritius kafin al'ummar Indiya ta Arewa masu alaƙa da Hindi.

Bankin na Mauritius ya yi sabon fitowar sa na takardun kudi, wanda har yanzu yana nan, bayan Yuni 1999.

A halin yanzu ana yawo da takardun banki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Zane-zane mai ban mamaki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kowace ƙungiya tana ɗauke da hoton wani fitaccen ɗan ƙasar Mauritius da aka zana hannu, wanda ya bayyana a hagu.

darika Hoton hoto Vignette
Rs 25/- Moilin Jean Ah-Chuen Rodrigues
Rs 50/- Joseph Maurice Paturau Le Kaudan
Rs 100/- Renganaden Seeneevassen Gidan Kotu
Rs 200/- Sir Abdool Razack Mohamed Kasuwar Mauritius
Rs 500/- Sookdeo Bissoondoyal Jami'ar Mauritius
Rs 1,000/- Sir Charles Gaëtan Duval Gidan Gwamnati
Rs 2,000/- Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Bull & Katin Sukari

Babban bayanin kula ya ce " Bankin Mauritius ". Hoton yana tsakiyar hagu na bayanin kula kuma a ƙasan hoton akwai sunan mutumin da ke cikin hoton da shekarar haihuwarsu zuwa shekara ta mutuwa. A kasa-hagu akwai rigar makamai na Mauritius . Akwai kuma zanen ginin Bankin Mauritius da kuma hoton mutum-mutumin adalci a bayan kowace darika a tsakiyar littafin. Darajar bayanin kula yana cikin kusurwar sama-dama tare da alamar "Rs" a gaban ƙimar. Ƙarƙashin ƙima a kusurwar sama-dama akwai fasalin don taimakon nakasassu. Wannan ƙari ne ga bambance-bambancen masu girma dabam tsakanin takardun banki na ƙungiyoyi daban-daban. Gefen hagu na bayanin kula yana faɗi ƙimar lambobi na bayanin kula, tare da alamar "Rs" zuwa hagu na ƙimar, an rubuta ta gefen hagu zuwa sama. A saman ƙimar lambobi a gefen hagu shine lambar serial na bayanin kula. Serial number kuma tana kan tsakiyar dama na bayanin kula. A saman tsakiya na bayanin akwai jihohi "Wannan bayanin kula Ne Legal Tender For", sannan ta bayyana ƙimar bayanin da aka rubuta a cikin Turanci (misali: "Dari ɗaya"), kuma a ƙasan ta an rubuta "Rupees". A ƙasa cewa yana faɗi ƙimar bayanin kula a Tamil, kuma ƙasa da haka yana faɗi ƙimar bayanin kula a cikin Bhojpuri - Hindi . A ƙasa akwai sa hannun Gwamnan Bankin Mauritius kuma a gefensa akwai sa hannun Manajan Darakta, ko kuma yana iya samun sa hannun Mataimakin Gwamna na ɗaya, sannan Gwamna, sai Mataimakin Gwamna na biyu. A ƙasa wancan shine shekarar da aka buga takardar.

Sake tsarawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A saman hagu na bayanin kula a baya ya ce "Bankin Mauritius". Yankin hagu na bayanin kula ya ce darajar lambobi na bayanan, tare da alamar "Rs" a gefen hagu, an rubuta shi a gefe hagu. A saman dama na bayanin kula yana da darajar lambobi na bayanan tare da alamar "Rs" a hagu na darajojin. Kowace ƙungiya tana ɗauke da hoto daban-daban, wanda ke nuna fannoni daban na Mauritius. Ana iya samun darajar rubutun Devanagari na bayanin kula a gefen hagu na ƙasan vignette, tare da raguwar Devangari ta rupee, " Sino" ("ru") a gaban darajojin. Ana iya samun darajar lambobi na Tamil da Gujarati na bayanin kula a gefen dama na kasan vignette. Darajar Tamil tana sama da darajar Gujarati.

Siffofin don tabbatar da sahihanci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Jin takardan banki
  2. Alamar ruwa mai girma uku a cikin nau'i na dodo : Lokacin da aka riƙe shi har zuwa haske ana iya kallon kan dodo a fili.
  3. Duba-ta cikin nau'in harsashi: wannan hoton yana cika lokacin da aka duba shi da hasken kai tsaye.
  4. Zaren tsaro na taga yana karanta "Bankin Mauritius" lokacin da aka riƙe shi har zuwa haske, ana iya ganin wannan a matsayin ƙungiyar ci gaba da ke gudana ta cikin takarda. Idan aka duba lebur, ana iya ganin wuraren ƙarfe a saman takardar.
  5. Hoton da aka zana a cikin tawada Intaglio .
  6. Hoton sirri: idan aka duba a matakin ido, hoton "BM" ya zama bayyane.
  7. Karan rubutu "BM": ƙarƙashin gilashin ƙara girma, waɗannan haruffa a bayyane suke don gani.
  8. Ƙarƙashin hasken ultraviolet: alkaluman da suka dace da ƙimar fuskar banki sun bayyana.

Rs 100/-, Rs. 200/-, Rs. 500/-, Rs. 1,000/-, Rs. 2,000/- takardun banki

Iridescent band a cikin zinariya: lokacin da aka riƙe a ƙarƙashin haske, wannan rukunin yana hangowa kuma yana ɓacewa lokacin da aka canza kusurwar kallo.

Rs 100/-, Rs. 200/- takardun kudi

Azurfa ƙarfe tawada: Ƙarfa mara nauyi ta azurfa tana gudana daga sama zuwa ƙasa a gaba, hagu na bayanin kula. Har ila yau, tsiri mai ƙarfe a ƙarƙashin adadin ƙimar ƙimar dama na sama.

Rs 500/-, Rs. 1,000/- takardun banki

Foil na Azurfa: hotuna daban-daban guda biyu, adadi mai ƙima ko siffar geometric, ana iya gani idan an duba su ta kusurwoyi daban-daban.

Rs 2,000/- takardar kudi

Hologram mai ɗauke da hotunan dodo da ƙimar "2000"

Rs 200/-, Rs. 500/-, Rs. 1,000/- takardun banki

Hologram mai ɗauke da hotunan dodo da ɗarika akan Rs. 200/- takardar kuɗi, barewa da maƙasudin akan Rs. 500/- bayanin banki da Hasumiyar Bankin Mauritius da maƙasudin akan Rs. 1,000/- takardar kudi. [1]

Rs 25/-, Rs. 50/-, Rs. 500/- takardun kudi

Siffofin tsaro da aka sabunta da canjin kayan daga takarda zuwa polymer. [2] [3]

Rs 2,000/- bayanin kula Fasalolin tsaro da aka sabunta da canjin abu daga takarda zuwa polymer. [4]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Mauritius new 200-, 500-, and 1,000-rupee banknotes confirmed Archived 2015-02-14 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. December 15, 2011. Retrieved on 2015-02-13.
  2. Mauritius new 500-rupee polymer notes confirmed Archived 2015-03-15 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. September 29, 2013. Retrieved on 2015-02-13.
  3. Mauritius new 25- and 50-rupee polymer notes confirmed Archived 2015-02-14 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. September 21, 2013. Retrieved on 2015-02-13.
  4. Mauritius new 2,000-rupee polymer note (B436a) confirmed Archived 2020-07-04 at the Wayback Machine Banknote News (banknotenews.com). December 14, 2018. Retrieved on 2019-01-20.