Elizabeth II

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II on 3 June 2019.jpg
monarch of Saint Kitts and Nevis Translate

19 Satumba 1983 -
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monarch of Antigua and Barbuda Translate

1 Nuwamba, 1981 -
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Monarch of Belize Translate

21 Satumba 1981 -
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monarch of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Translate

27 Oktoba 1979 -
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monarch of Saint Lucia Translate

22 ga Faburairu, 1979 -
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monarch of Tuvalu Translate

1 Oktoba 1978 -
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monarch of the Solomon Islands Translate

7 ga Yuli, 1978 -
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monarch of Papua New Guinea Translate

16 Satumba 1975 -
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monarch of Grenada Translate

7 ga Faburairu, 1974 -
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monarch of the Bahamas Translate

10 ga Yuli, 1973 -
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monarch of the Dominion of Fiji Translate

1970 - 6 Oktoba 1987
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monarch of the commonwealth realm of Mauritius Translate

12 ga Maris, 1968 - 12 ga Maris, 1992
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monarch of Barbados Translate

30 Nuwamba, 1966 -
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monarch of the commonwealth realm of Guyana Translate

1966 - 1970
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monarch of the commonwealth realm of the Gambia Translate

1965 - 1970
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monarch of Malawi Translate

1964 - 1966
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monarch of the State of Malta Translate

1964 - 1974
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monarch of the commonwealth realm of Kenya Translate

1963 - 1964
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monarch of Jamaica Translate

6 ga Augusta, 1962 -
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monarch of the commonwealth realm of Trinidad and Tobago Translate

1962 - 1976
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monarch of the commonwealth realm of Uganda Translate

1962 - 1963
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1961 - 1971
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1961 - 1962
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1960 - 1963
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monarch of the commonwealth realm of Ghana Translate

1957 - 1960
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Monarch of New Zealand Translate

6 ga Faburairu, 1952 -
George VI Translate
Monarch of Australia Translate

6 ga Faburairu, 1952 -
George VI Translate
monarch of Canada Translate

6 ga Faburairu, 1952 -
George VI Translate
monarch of the United Kingdom Translate

6 ga Faburairu, 1952 -
George VI Translate
monarch of the Union of South Africa Translate

6 ga Faburairu, 1952 - 1961
George VI Translate - no value →
monarch of the Dominion of Ceylon Translate

6 ga Faburairu, 1952 - 1972
George VI Translate - no value →
Head of the Commonwealth Translate

6 ga Faburairu, 1952 -
monarch of the Dominion of Pakistan Translate

6 ga Faburairu, 1952 - 1956
George VI Translate - no value →
Lord of Mann Translate


Duke of Normandy Translate


Supreme Governor of the Church of England Translate


Duke of Lancaster Translate

Rayuwa
Cikakken suna Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
Haihuwa Mayfair Translate, 21 ga Afirilu, 1926 (93 shekaru)
ƙasa Birtaniya
Mazaunin Buckingham Palace Translate
Windsor Castle Translate
Balmoral Castle Translate
Sandringham House Translate
Holyrood Palace Translate
Yan'uwa
Mahaifi George VI
Mahaifiya Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Abokiyar zama Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Translate  (20 Nuwamba, 1947 -
Yara
Siblings
Ƙabila House of Windsor Translate
Karatu
Harsuna Turanci
Faransanci
Malamai Marion Crawford Translate
Henry Marten Translate
Sana'a
Sana'a sarki, auto mechanic Translate da truck driver Translate
Tsayi 64 in
Kyautuka
Aikin soja
Fannin soja Auxiliary Territorial Service Translate
Ya faɗaci Yakin Duniya na II
Imani
Addini Church of England Translate
Church of Scotland Translate
IMDb nm0703070
Signature of Elizabeth II.jpg

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary); An haife ta a 21 ga watan Afrilun shekara ta 1926. Itace Sarauniyar United Kingdom da wasu kasashen Commonwealth.

Elizabeth dai an haife ta ne a birnin London, itace diyar farko daga gidan Duke na York da matarsa Duchess na York, wanda daga bisani yazama Sarki George VI matarsa kuma Mahaifiyar Sarauniya Elizabeth II, sarauniyar tasamu karatun tane daga cikin gidan iyayenta a matsayin ta yar'gidan sarauta. Mahaifinta yakaiga karagar mulki bayan kwace sarautar da akayi daga hannun Sarki Edward VIII wanda dan'uwansa ne a shekara ta 1936, wanda tun daga nan ne tazama maijiran gado. Tafara yin ayyukan al'umma, musamman aikin soja a yayin yakin duniya II, inda tayi aiki a karkashin Auxiliary Territorial Service. A 1947, ta auri Philip, Duke na Edinburgh, tsohon Yariman kasar Greece da Denmark, wanda suke da yara hudu dashi: Charles, Yariman Wales; Anne, Princess Royal; Andrew, Duke na York; da Edward, Earl na Wessex.

Bayan rasuwar mahaifinta a watan Februarun shekara ta 1952, tazama shugaban Commonwealth kuma queen regnant na kasashe bakwai (7) dake cikin Commonwealth: United Kingdom, Kanada, Australiya, New Zealand, Union of South Africa, Dominion of Pakistan, da Ceylon. Tayi mulki da kawo sauyi dokokin kasashe kamar devolution in the United Kingdom, Canadian patriation, da kuma decolonisation of Africa. A tsakanin 1956 da 1992, adadin yawan kasashen da Elizabeth II ke mulka sun sauya kasantuwar wasu yankuna sun samu yancin cin gashin kansu, wadanda suka hada da kasa kamar South Africa, Pakistan, da Ceylon (wanda aka canja wa suna zuwa Sri Lanka), wasu kuma sun zama republics. Daga cikin ziyarce ziyarcenta na tarihi da huldodinta akwai state visit to the Republic of Ireland da kuma ziyararta ga ko ziyartan Pope Roma biyar. Manyan biki a Rayuwarta akwai coronation in 1953 da murnar cikarta shekara ashirin da biyar a karagar mulki Silver, da na shekara hamsin Golden, da kuma Diamond Jubilees a shekara ta 1977, 2002, da 2012 dasuka gabata. A 2017, yazama sarauniyar Biritaniya ta farko da takai Sapphire Jubilee. Kuma itace mafi tsawon shekaru akan Sarautar Biritaniya har wayau itace tsahuwar sarauniyar data dade akan karagar mulki kuma mace shugaba datafi dadewa a duniya, kuma mafi tsawon shekaru akan karagar mulki cikin shugabannin duniya dake raye a yanzu.

Elizabeth ta fuskanci suka daga yan republican sentiments da na yanjarida royal family, musamman bayan rabe-raben auren ya'yanta her annus horribilis a shekarar 1992 da rasuwar death in 1997 wadda tsohuwar surukuwarta ce Diana, Sarauniyar Wales. Dukda yake samun goyon bayan masarautar ya cigaba da karuwa, hakama cigaba da karbuwarta da karin farinjinta.

Farkon Rayuwarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Elizabeth as a thoughtful-looking toddler with curly, fair hair
Elizabeth a bangon Jaridar Time magazine, April 1929

An haife Elizabeth a daidai karfe 02:40 (GMT) ranar 21 ga watan Afriu shekara ta 1926, a lokacin mulkin kakanta namiji, King George V. Mahaifinta, Duke din York (wanda yazama King George VI), shine da na biyun Sarkin. Mahaifiyarta, Duchess din York (wadda tazama Queen Elizabeth), itace yar'autan Scottish aristocrat wato Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. An haife ta a Caesarean section gidan iyayen kakanta dake London: 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair.[1] Anyimata baptised daga Anglican Archbishop of York, Cosmo Gordon Lang, a cocin Buckingham Palace a ranar 29 ga watan Mayu,[2]efn|name=baptism|Her godparents were: King George V and Queen Mary; Lord Strathmore; Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (her paternal great-granduncle); Princess Mary, Viscountess Lascelles (her paternal aunt); and Lady Elphinstone (her maternal aunt).[3] an rada mata suna Elizabeth daga sunamn mahaifiyarta, Alexandra kuma bayan George V's mother, wanda yarasu wata shida kafin a haife ta, Mary kuma daga her paternal grandmother.[4] An uwanta nakusa nakiranta da "Lilibet" ,[5] akan abinda takira kanta dashi ne da farko,[6] mahaifin mahaifinta na matukar sonta wato George V, a lokacin tsakanin ciwonsa a 1929, ziyarar data rika kai masa yasamu tagomashi a jaridu da kuma tarihai, tareda da taimaka masa wurin samun sauki.[7]

Elizabeth as a rosy-cheeked young girl with blue eyes and fair hair
Portrait by Philip de László, 1933

.

Yar'uwar Elizabeth daya, itace Princess Margaret, an haife ta a 1930. Sunyi karatunsu a gidan mahaifinsu a karkashin kulawar mahaifiyarsu da kuma maikula dasu wato, Marion Crawford.[8] Karatunsu yafi mayarda hankaline akan tarihi, Harshe, literature da Waka.[9] Crawford ya wallafa tarihin Elizabeth da yarintar Margaret, wanda akaiwa lakabi da The Little Princesses in 1950, much to the dismay of the royal family.[10] Littafi ya fayyace son da Elizabeth kewa Dokuna da Karnuka, yadda takeda tsari, da halayyarta na daukan nauyin abunda ke karkashinta.[11] Others echoed such observations: Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as "a character. She has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant."[12] Yar'uwar ta Margaret Rhodes ta bayyana ta matsayin "yarinya mai wasa, amma mai hankali da biyayya".[13]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Bradford, p. 22; Brandreth, p. 103; Marr, p. 76; Pimlott, pp. 2–3; Lacey, pp. 75–76; Roberts, p. 74
  2. Hoey, p. 40
  3. Brandreth, p. 103; Hoey, p. 40
  4. Brandreth, p. 103
  5. Pimlott, p. 12
  6. Williamson, p. 205
  7. Lacey, p. 56; Nicolson, p. 433; Pimlott, pp. 14–16
  8. Crawford, p. 26; Pimlott, p. 20; Shawcross, p. 21
  9. Brandreth, p. 124; Lacey, pp. 62–63; Pimlott, pp. 24, 69
  10. Brandreth, pp. 108–110; Lacey, pp. 159–161; Pimlott, pp. 20, 163
  11. Brandreth, pp. 108–110
  12. Brandreth, p. 105; Lacey, p. 81; Shawcross, pp. 21–22
  13. Brandreth, pp. 105–106