Munafiq

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Wikidata.svgMunafiq
Kufr (en) Fassara da Kafirai
Bayanai
Suna a harshen gida نفاق

A cikin Islama, munafiqun ('munafukai', Larabci: منافقون , mufuradi منافق munāfiq) ko Musulmin ƙarya ƙungiya ce da aka yanke hukunci a cikin Alƙur'ani a matsayin Musulmai na waje waɗanda ke ɓoye kafirci a ciki kuma suna ƙoƙari don ɓata al'ummar Musulmi.[1] Munafiq mutum ne wanda a bainar jama'a da cikin al'umma ke nuna cewa shi Musulmi ne amma ya ƙi Musulunci ko yaɗa shi a kansa ko a cikin zuciyarsa ko a tsakanin makiyan Musulunci. Ita kanta munafunci ana kiranta nifāq (نفاق).[2]

Ire -iren munafunci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Munafunci ga Allah dangane da ainihin bangaskiya. (Q2: 8) da (Q2: 14)
  • Munafunci game da rukunan imani: alal misali, wani na iya yin imani da Allah, Ranar Shari'a, lissafi, ma'aunin ayyuka da Jahannama (tare da rashin tabbas da shakku) amma kada ku ji tsoron su ko kaɗan (a zahiri) ko kuma ku guji aikata zunubai saboda daga cikinsu. Amma duk da haka yana da'awar, "Ina tsoron Allah."
  • Munafunci ga wasu: wani yana da fuska biyu da harshe biyu. Yana yabon wani a gabansu, sannan, a bayansu, yana la'antar su kuma yana ƙoƙarin haifar musu da ciwo da cutar da su. "

Munafiqun a cikin Alqur'ani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Al-Qur'ani yana da ayoyi da yawa da ke tattaunawa akan munāfiqūn, yana mai nuni da su a matsayin mafi haɗari ga Musulmai fiye da mafi munin maƙiyan Musulunci waɗanda ba Musulmi ba.

Halayen Munafiq bisa Hadisi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hadisi (rikodin kalmomin, ayyukan da aka danganta ga Muhammadu) sun bayyana halaye da yawa na munafuki kuma waɗannan halayen sun haɗa da ayyuka bayyanannu da imaninsa/bangaskiyarsa ta ciki kamar haka:

  • Abd Allah bn Amr bn al-As ya ruwaito Manzon Allah yana cewa: Siffofi guda hudu su ne duk wanda ya mallake su ya zama munafiki (munafiq), kuma duk wanda ya mallaki ɗayansu yana da halayen munafunci har sai ya bar shi:
  1. idan yayi magana sai yayi karya,
  2. idan ya yi alkawari sai ya saba.
  3. sa'ad da ya yi alkawari yana yaudara, kuma
  4. idan ya yi husuma, sai ya kauce daga Gaskiya.[3][4][5][6][7][8]
  • Abu Huraira ya ruwaito cewa: Annabi ya ce, “Alamomin munafiki guda uku ne:
  1. Duk lokacin da yake magana, karya yake yi.
  2. Duk lokacin da ya yi alkawari, yakan saba shi (alkawarinsa).
  3. Idan kun amince da shi, ya nuna rashin gaskiya ne. (Idan kun rike wani abu a matsayin amana da shi, ba zai mayar da shi ba.) "Wata ruwayar ta kara da cewa:" Ko da ya yi Azumi, ya yi Sallah kuma ya yi da'awar shi Musulmi ne."[9][10]
  • Abdullahi bn Umar ya ruwaito cewa: Manzon Allah ya ce, “Mumini yana cin abinci a cikin hanji guda (ya koshi da abinci kadan), kuma kafiri (kafiri) ko munafiki yana ci cikin hanji bakwai (yana cin abinci da yawa).[11]
  • Abu Hurairah ya ruwaito cewa Manzon Allah (SAW) ya ce: "Wanda ya mutu ba tare da ya tafi ko tunanin fita Jihadi a tafarkin Allah ba, zai mutu alhali yana da laifin kasancewa ɗaya daga cikin halayen munafunci." Imam Muslim ya ruwaito.[12][13][14]
  • Abu Umamah al-Bahili ya ruwaito cewa Manzon Allah ya ce: “Al-Haya’ (tawali’u) da Al’Iy (tsattsarka, taƙaice & ba magana) rassan imani guda biyu ne, da Badha (alfasha) da Al-Bayan (mai yawan magana) reshe biyu ne na Munafunci."[15][16]
  • An ruwaito cewa Zirr ya ce: Aliyu bn Abi Talib ya ce: “Manzon Allah (Muhammad) bai yi alkawari da ni ba, cewa babu wani mai imani da zai so ni, kuma babu wani sai munafiki da zai ki ni”.[17][18][19][20]
  • Anas bin Malik ya ruwaito: Annabi yace, “Soyayya ga Ansar alama ce ta imani kuma kiyayya ga Ansar alama ce ta munafunci”.[21][22][23]
  • An karbo daga Ibnu Umar cewa: Manzon Allah ya ce: "Misalin munafiq shine na tunkiya da take shakkar tsakanin garke biyu, wani lokaci yana bin daya, wani lokacin kuma yana bin wani, ba tare da sanin wanda zai bi ba".[24]
  • Abu Huraira ya ruwaito Manzon Allah yana cewa: Siffar mumini ita ce amfanin gona (tsayuwa) wanda iska ke ci gaba da juyawa daga gefe zuwa gefe; kamar yadda mai bi kullum yake (yana shan bugun) masifa. Misalin munafiq shine na itacen cypress wanda baya motsawa har sai an tumbuke shi.[25][26]
  • An ruwaito Annabi yana cewa: "Matan da ke neman saki da Khulli ba tare da wani dalili ba, kamar mata munafiq ne."[27][28]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Nisan, Mordechai (5 July 2017). Politics and War in Lebanon: Unraveling the Enigma. Routledge. p. 243. ISBN 9781351498333.
  2. Lamptey, Jerusha Tanner (15 January 2016). Never Wholly Other: A Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism. Oxford University Press. pp. 134–135. ISBN 9780190458010.
  3. Sunan Abu Dawud 4688 In-book reference  : Book 42, Hadith 93 English translation  : Book 41, Hadith 4671
  4. Riyad as-Salihin Book 2, Hadith 690
  5. Riyad as-Salihin Book 18, Hadith 1584
  6. Jami` at-Tirmidhi In-book reference  : Book 40, Hadith 27 English translation  : Vol. 5, Book 38, Hadith 2632
  7. Sahih Muslim 58 In-book reference  : Book 1, Hadith 116 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Book 1, Hadith 111 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  8. Sahih al-Bukhari 34 In-book reference  : Book 2, Hadith 27 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Vol. 1, Book 2, Hadith 34 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  9. Sahih al-Bukhari 33 In-book reference  : Book 2, Hadith 26 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Vol. 1, Book 2, Hadith 33 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  10. Riyad as-Salihin Book 2, Hadith 689 Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim
  11. Sahih Bukhari 5394 In-book reference  : Book 70, Hadith 22 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Vol. 7, Book 65, Hadith 306 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  12. Bulugh al-Maram English reference  : Book 11, Hadith 1298 Arabic reference  : Book 11, Hadith 1271
  13. Sunan an-Nasa'i In-book reference  : Book 25, Hadith 13 English translation  : Vol. 1, Book 25, Hadith 3099
  14. Sunan Abu Dawud 2502 In-book reference  : Book 15, Hadith 26
  15. Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2027 In-book reference  : Book 27, Hadith 133 English translation  : Vol. 4, Book 1, Hadith 2027
  16. Mishkat al-Masabih 4796
  17. Sunan an-Nasa'i 5018 In-book reference  : Book 47, Hadith 34 English translation  : Vol. 6, Book 47, Hadith 5021
  18. Sahih Muslim 78 In-book reference  : Book 1, Hadith 146 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Book 1, Hadith 141 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  19. Sunan al-Tirmidhi English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3736 Arabic reference  : Book 49, Hadith 4101
  20. Sunan Ibn Majah English reference  : Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 114 Arabic reference  : Book 1, Hadith 119
  21. Sahih al-Bukhari 17 In-book reference  : Book 2, Hadith 10 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Vol. 1, Book 2, Hadith 17 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  22. Sahih al-Bukhari 3784 In-book reference  : Book 63, Hadith 9 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Vol. 5, Book 58, Hadith 128 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  23. Sahih Muslim 74 b In-book reference  : Book 1, Hadith 142 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Book 1, Hadith 137 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  24. Sunan an-Nasa'i 5037 In-book reference  : Book 47, Hadith 53 English translation  : Vol. 6, Book 47, Hadith 5040
  25. Sahih Muslim 2809 a In-book reference  : Book 52, Hadith 46 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Book 39, Hadith 6742 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  26. Sahih Muslim 2810 b In-book reference  : Book 52, Hadith 49 USC-MSA web (English) reference  : Book 39, Hadith 6745 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  27. Sunan an-Nasa'i from Ayyub, from Al-Hasan, from Abu Hurairah, 3461 In-book reference  : Book 27, Hadith 73 English translation  : Vol. 4, Book 27, Hadith 3491
  28. Sunan al-Tirmidhi from Thawban 1186 In-book reference  : Book 13, Hadith 13 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 8, Hadith 1186