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Obolon, Kyiv

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Obolon, Kyiv


Wuri
Map
 50°30′30″N 30°29′55″E / 50.5083°N 30.4985°E / 50.5083; 30.4985
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaUkraniya
Babban birniKiev
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci

Obolon ( Ukrainian  [oboˈlɔnʲ] ( ya kasan ce wani tarihi ne a gargariyance wanda ya hada da wani yankin (masyv), tare da wasu masana'antu na shakatawa a cikin Ukraine 's babban birnin Kyiv cewa an samar wuri a kan arewa, a cikin wani eponymous dake cikin Gundumar Obolonskyi (har 2001 – Minskyi Gundumar).

A yaren Yukreniyanci kalmar ' ( оболонь ) na nufin 'ƙaramar ƙasa kusa da kogi'[1] ( ambaliyar ruwa ) ko ' makiyaya mai ambaliya ' ( Ukrainian:)).[2][3]

Kamar yadda ƙasar Obolon take yawan ambaliyar ta hanyar kogin Dnieper akwai wuraren kiwo na garin Kyiv da haymakings.

Labarin kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gundumar tana cikin Kudancin Polesian Lowland, a arewacin wani yanki na yankin garin Kyiv.

An yi amfani da Dnieper din, kananan koguna, kududdufai da tabkuna a kusa da Obolon a matsayin tushen yashi don tsawan tsawa don ci gaba da ginin, ta amfani da fasaha mai cike da ruwa. [4] Don haka mutane sun canza yanayin Obolon.

Obolon ya keɓe daga wasu sassan garin Kyiv ta bakin kogin Dnieper tare da raƙuman ruwansa da gungun tabkuna .

Obolon, Kyiv

Tana iyaka da Opechen [uk] tsarin tafkuna a yamma, wanda ake tsammani an kirkireshi ne a wurin da almara Pochaina River [uk] ya kasance A cikin 2016 wasu masana tarihi sun bayyana cewa kogin yana ci gaba da wanzuwa kuma yana cikin kusancin tsarin da aka ambata na tabkuna. [5] Iyakar gabas ta yankin ita ce Dnieper tare da bays: the Sobache hyrlo ( bakin kogin Kare ) da kuma Obolon bay (tsoffin sunaye Starytsa, wanda za a iya fassara shi azaman tsohon kogi, ko Bratsky Staryk). Akwai Kogin Redkyne ( Ministerka ) da kuma gaɓar Verbliud ( Rakumi ) a arewacin Obolon, wanda aka ƙirƙira shi ta girman faɗaɗa tafkin Lukove (Ulukovo) lokacin da ake karɓar ƙasa daga gare ta. Verbne Lake [uk] [6] ( Willow ) da kuma Vovkuvata bay suna kudu da yankin.

Yankin da ke kusa da Obolon shine Redkyn Khutir, Minsky Masyv [uk], Priorka [uk], Petrivka na Obolon Raion shima da Kurenivka, Rybalsky Ostriv na Podil Raion na Kyiv .

Ta hanyoyi, an sami yankin bayan gari:

Akwai Road P69 (Ukraine) [uk] ( P69, Kyiv - Vyshhorod - Desna - Chernihiv ) suna wucewa ta yammacin ɓangare na yankin.

Nazarin taswirar tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Taswirar Kyiv a cikin karni na 18.

Masanin tarihin dan kasar Ukraine Mykola Zakrevsky [uk] ya zana jerin taswirar tarihi na Kyiv, tun lokacin Gimbiya Olga, karni na 20 har zuwa karni na 19. A duk maps map Obolon fara da zarar gari ta babbar katanga a kusa Podil a dama banki na Pochaina River [uk], kusa da tashar tashar jirgin Taras Shevchenko na yanzu .

A taswirar Kyiv na shekara ta 1902 wanda mai binciken filayen birni Tairov ya kirkira, Obolon an zana shi a gefen hagu na bakin Kogin Pochaina, inda yankin Rybalsky Ostriv na zamani yake. Akwai wuraren kiwo na gari da waƙoƙi waɗanda aka yiwa alama a wurin yankin Obolon na yau. Duk waɗannan filayen mallakar mallakar Kyiv ne na sashen gudanarwa a lokacin - Plosky Uchastok ( Плоскій Участокъ, Flat Area ). [7]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lokacin farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kewayen tarihin Pochaina River [uk], a zamanin yau shine Opechen [uk] tsarin tafkuna, an samo wuraren adana kayan tarihi na Mesolithic da Zarubintsy.

An sami ragowar ƙauyuka na karni na 1 BC - 2nd AD ƙarni na 6 - 7th a Obolon.

Ambaliyar Obolon a 1890s

Na farkon da ya ja hankali na musamman ga Obolon shi ne ɗan tarihin Baƙi ɗan Yukren nan Volodymyr Antonovych, wanda ya sami kuɗin azurfa ɗari biyu na tagulla na Roman a can a 1876, waɗanda aka raba rabin rabin na 3 - rabin farko na ƙarni na 4. Sannan ya ba da shawarar cewa akwai sulhu a Obolon, wanda mazaunansa suka gudanar da musaya da biranen tsufa na Arewacin Baƙin Baƙin Arewa . An cigaba da binciken Obolon musamman ta hanyar Turvont Kybalchych, Mykola Biliashivsky, Oleksandr Ertel [uk], AA Piantkovsky, Valeria Kozlovska [uk] da Petro Kurinny [uk] .

Kafin zamanin Kievan Rus yanki ne na Polans na Gabas. Wurin bautar Veles yana wurin a lokacin maguzawan .

A lokacin Kievan Rus da Grand Duchy na Lithuania ƙasar mallakar Sarakunan Kyiv ne . Obolon sau da yawa ya zama wani wuri na fadace-fadace tare da makiyaya da kuma a lokacin 'ya'yan sarakuna ba feuds .

Bayan Tarayyar Lublin wannan yankin wani yanki ne na Kyiv Voivodeship na Masarautar Masarautar Poland ta Tarayyar Poland-Lithuanian .

A lokacin Cossack Hetmanate, Obolon na toungiyar Kyiv Regiment [uk] . Obolon ta makiyaya da kuma haymakings sun sau da yawa wani abu na muhawara tsakanin Cossacks, da birni majistare, gidajen lama da sojojin na Tsardom na Muscovy a Kyiv.

A lokacin Yaƙin Russo-Turkish, ana gina palisades a wurin.

A cikin 1911 aka buɗe jirgin sama na Kurenivka a filayen Obolon.

Zamanin Soviet[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sakamakon Yakin Yukiren-Soviet (1917-1921) da Yakin Poland-Soviet (1919-1919) Kyiv City da kewayenta daga ƙarshe rundunar Red Army ta kama su.

A shekarar 1967 aka amince da tsarin ci gaban Kyiv, gwargwadon yadda za a gina wuraren zama a yankin dausayi a bangarorin biyu na Dnieper. Don haka, ta amfani da fasaha mai cike da ruwa, а yashi yashi mita 4-5 a tsayi an halicce shi sama da Obolon-makiyaya. A cikin 1972 - 1980 an gina babbar rukunin gidaje na rukunin hasumiya a Kyiv a Obolon.

A cikin 1975 sabon rukunin gudanarwa - Minsky Raion aka kafa. Ya haɗa da rukunin gidaje na Obolon. Tunda aka sake fasalin tsarin mulki na Kyiv a 2001 Obolon suburbude mallakar mallakar Obolon Raion ne wanda aka kirkireshi akan Minsky Raion.

A 1972 - 1980 akwai babbar Kyiv ta gidaje da dukiya na 9 da 16 storey hasumiya tubalan gina a cikin Obolon. Gidajen gine-ginen sune Grygory Slutsky [uk], Yurii Paskevych [uk], Leonid Filenko [uk], MI Kulchynsky, ZG Klebnikova da IG Verymovska. Sanannen sanannen gida ne saboda tsarin makwabtaka kamar zuma wanda aka tsara ci gaba tare da ɗakunan gidaje masu hawa da yawa masu hawa (duba gidajen jama'a ).

A cikin 1980 a Obolon aka buɗe hukuma a hukumance kamfanin giya na Obolon wanda ake bikin tunawa da shi a wasannin Olympics na lokacin bazara na 1980 .

Ginin yanzu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Obolon Lypki yayi gini a shekarar 2009.

Tun daga 1992 ana gina rukunin gidaje na zamani Obolon Lypki tsakanin Kogin Dnieper da Prospect Heroyiv Stalingradu [uk], wanda ya hada da tubalin hasumiya da kuma gidajen zama . An kira shi a kan kwatankwacin babbar unguwa Lypky a cikin Pechersk Raion .

Hoto[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Ukrainian-English translation for "Оболонь" // English-Ukrainian dictionary, 2009, "Perun" publishing house // ABBYY Lingvo-Online
    Samfuri:Lang-uk
  2. Meaning and Interpretation "Obolon" // Samfuri:ILL, 2005 "Perun" publishing house // ABBYY Lingvo-Online
    Samfuri:Lang-uk
  3. OBOLON // Samfuri:ILL
    Samfuri:Lang-uk
  4. The sand alluvium in Obolon, 1970. // Interesting Obolon

    Russian: Намыв песка на Оболони, 1970-е годы. // Интересная Оболонь
  5. Spivak, T. The newly acquired Pochaina. Lb.ua. 19 May 2016
  6. Verbne Lake // Interesting Obolon

    Russian: Озеро Вербное // Интересная Оболонь
  7. The map of Kyiv, 1902

    Russian: Планъ города Кіева, 1902 года