Oslo

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Oslo itace birnin ƙasar Norway, an kirkire ta a shekara ta 1040 da suna "Anslo", kuma itace birni mafi yawa a Norway. Ta hada da county da kuma municipality. ankafa ta ne amatsayin kaupstad ko wurin kasuwanci a 1048 daga Harald Hardrada, sannan aka maida birnin tazama bishopric a 1070 kuma babban birni a ƙarkashin Haakon V na Norway a shekara kusan 1300. Personal unions da ƙasar Denmark daga 1397 to 1523 da kuma 1536 zuwa 1814 da kuma tare da Sweden daga 1814 zuwa 1905 tazamanto matsayin birnin kasashen biyu. Bayan ƙonewar birnin da wuta yayi a 1624, lokacin mulkin King Christian IV, sai aka Gina sabon birni a kusa da Akershus Fortress sannan aka Samara suna Christiania saboda girmama sarkin. Takasance an kafata ne amatsayin municipality (formannskapsdistrikt) a 1 January 1838. Kuma ana rubuta sunan birnin da Kristiania tsakanin 1877 da 1897 daga hukumomin jiha data birane. A 1925 ansauya sunan birnin da Oslo.

Oslo itace cibiyar tattalin arziki kuma cibiyar gwamnatin Norway. Kuma birnin harwayau nan ne tushen kasuwancin Norwegian, bankuna, masana'antu da jigilolin jiragen ruwa. Kuma muhimmiyar kafa ce na masana'antun jiragen ruwa da kasuwancin Harkokin da suka shafi ruwa a nahiyar Turai. The city is home to many companies within the maritime sector, some of which are among the world's largest shipping companies, shipbrokers and maritime insurance brokers. Oslo is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission intercultural cities programme.

Oslo is considered a global city and was ranked "Beta World City" in studies carried out by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network in 2008.[1] It was ranked number one in terms of quality of life among European large cities in the European Cities of the Future 2012 report by fDi magazine.[2] A survey conducted by ECA International in 2011 placed Oslo as the second most expensive city in the world for living expenses after Tokyo.[3] In 2013 Oslo tied with the Australian city of Melbourne as the fourth most expensive city in the world, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)'s Worldwide Cost of Living study.[4]

Tun daga 1 July 2017, municipalitin Oslo nada adadin mutane da suka kai 672,061, sannan yawan mutanen dake birnin daga 3 December 2018 sunkai 1,000,467.[5] cikin garin metropolitan area kuma sunkai yawan 1.71 miliyan.[6] yawan birnin na karuwa da sauri tun daga 2000, haka yasa yazama birni mafi sauri dake kara yawa acikin nahiyar Turai alokacin.[7] Karuwar yafaru ne da kaso mai yawa daga yan'gudun hijira na duniya zuwa ƙasar, da ƙarin yawan haihuwa, da kuma hijira na ƙasa da ƙasa . Haka ya haifar da samun yawan yan'hijira acikin birnin yake fin yawan Norwegian,[8] a birnin yawan yafiye da kashi 25% na yawan yan'hijira idan aka hada mutanen dake tare da iyayensu yan'hijira an hada dasu.[9]

Anazarci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2008". Lboro.ac.uk. 13 April 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  2. Rachel Craig (13 February 2012). "European Cities and Regions of the Future 2012/13". fDiIntelligence.com. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  3. "Sydney rockets up the list of the world's most expensive cities". ECA International. 8 June 2011. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  4. George Arnett; Chris Michael (14 February 2014). "The world's most expensive cities". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  5. Pål Vegard Hagesæther (2 December 2018). "Nå bor det over én million i Stor-Oslo". Aftenposten. Retrieved 11 December 2018. 
  6. "Demografi innenfor ti mil fra Oslo. 1. januar 2010 og endringer 2000–2009. Antall og prosent" [Demographics within a hundred kilometers from Oslo. 1 January 2010 and changes 2000–2009. Number and percent]. Statistics Norway (in Norwegian). Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  7. "Oslo europamester i vekst – Nyheter – Oslo". Aftenposten.no. Archived from the original on 1 May 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  8. "Ola og Kari flytter fra innvandrerne – Nyheter – Oslo". Aftenposten.no. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  9. "Immigration and immigrants". Ssb.no. 1 January 2009. Archived from the original on 2 September 2009. Retrieved 29 August 2009.