Pico Basilé

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Pico Basilé (tsohuwar Pico de Santa Isabel), wanda ke tsibirin Bioko, shine tsauni mafi tsayi na Equatorial Guinea. Tare da tsayi na 9,878 ft (3,011 m), shi ne taron mafi girma kuma mafi girma na tsaunuka masu aman wuta uku masu tasowa waɗanda suka kafa tsibirin. Daga taron, ana iya ganin Dutsen Kamaru zuwa arewa maso gabas. Pico Basilé yana kusa da garin Malabo. Ana amfani da saman sosai azaman tashar watsa shirye-shirye don RTVGE (Radio Television Guinea Ecuatorial) da tashar watsa shirye-shiryen microwave don hanyoyin sadarwar sadarwa daban-daban.

Mafi girman siffofin a wani yanki na Filin shakatawa na Pico Basilé, wanda aka kirkira a watan Afrilun 2000[1] Iyakokin Bioko Norte da Sur suna gudana kusa da taron.

Pico Basilé

An kirkiro Bioko tare da layin Kamaru, babban kuskuren arewa maso gabas wanda ke tafiya daga Tekun Atlantika zuwa Kamaru. Wannan layin ya hada da sauran tsibirai masu aman wuta a cikin Tekun Guinea kamar Annobón, Príncipe da São Tomé, tare da babban Dutsen Kamaru. Sabanin sauran tsibirai ukun wadanda tsayayyun duwatsu ne, fashewarsu ta karshe ta faru ne a shekarar 1923.

Flora da fauna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wani ɓangare na layin Kamaru, flora da fauna na Pico Basilé da Bioko gabaɗaya sun yi kama da na manyan yankuna na kusa da Kamaru da Najeriya. Yawancin nau'ikan keɓaɓɓun nau'ikan suna faruwa akan Pico Basilé, kuma tsuntsu ɗaya, Bioko Speirops Zoterops brunneus, an hana shi duka zuwa tsaunukan dutsen mai fitad da wuta.[2]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kabilun Bantu ne daga babban yankin, wadanda suka kafa kabilun Bubi a tsakiyar tsibirin karni na farko. Ba kamar sauran tsibirai a yankin ba, Bioko yana da asalin asalin Afirka. Bubi suna magana da yaren Bantu. Wataƙila wannan ko wasu ƙungiyoyin masu magana da Bantu suna zaune tsibirin tun kafin ƙarni na 7 BC.

A cikin 1472, ɗan jirgin ruwan na Fotigal Fernão do Pó shi ne Bature na farko da ya ga tsibirin yayin da yake neman hanyar zuwa Indiya.

Hawan farko na turawa da turawa suka yi daga kwamandojin Ingila tsakanin 1827 da 1828 a karkashin balaguron Owen. Hawan aikinta na farko an yi shi ne a 1839 ta Burtaniya John Beecroft wanda daga baya ya zama gwamnan tsibirin wanda a da ya kasance Fernando Po, yanzu Bioko.[3]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Network for Protected areas in Equatorial Guinea Archived 2011-02-02 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  2. Pérez del Val, Jaime 1996.
  3. Template:Cite work